Suna, Shuna, Śūna, Sūṇā, Sūnā, Sūna, Suṇa, Śuna, Śūnā: 26 definitions


Suna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śūna and Śuna and Śūnā can be transliterated into English as Suna or Shuna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sūnā (सूना) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “slaughter-house”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 5.13)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Sūna (सून).—The region of adharma and Kali.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 17. 38.

2) Sūnā (सूना).—The five obstacles to the attainment of heaven by a house-holder: Kaṇḍani, peṣaṇī, cullī, jalakumbhī, pramārjanī, sins (husking, grinding, fire place, water pots and cleaning). To get rid of these sins he performs the five yajñas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 52. 15-16.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śūna (शून).—Utterance with a swollen mouth which is looked upon as a fault of Vedic recital; cf. दुष्टं मुखेन सुषिरेण शूनम् (duṣṭaṃ mukhena suṣireṇa śūnam) R.Pr.XIV.2.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Sūnā (सूना) refers to an “execution site”, and is mentioned in verse 2.38 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] one shall not lie down (too) long with raised knees, nor shall one stay at [...] (and) at an execution site [viz., sūnā], a forest, an empty house, and a cremation ground not even in the day-time. By no means shall one look into the sun or carry a burden on one’s head”.

Note: Sūnā and its correspondent gsod-sa (“execution site”) may also be interpreted to mean (“slaughtering-yard”).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Śūna (शून):—Swelling

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Śunā (शुना) refers to the “dogs” (employed during hunting), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] In plains, horsemen should go, in undulated lands foot soldiers, and on the tops of hills, dogs (śunā) should search for the game. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sūnā (सूना) means, in the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda, apparently a ‘woven (from sīv, ‘sew’) wickerwork basket’ for holding flesh.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Suna (सुन) refers to one of the sons of Khara and Candraṇakhā (sister of Rāvaṇa), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.5 [The kidnapping of Sītā] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Now in Pātālalaṅkā there were two sons of Khara and Candraṇakhā, Śambūka and Suna, just grown up. Though restrained by his parents, Śambūka went one day to Daṇḍakāraṇya for the purpose of subduing the sword, Sūryahāsa. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sūnā.—(HRS), royal dues collected by the superintendent of the slaughter-house, as suggested by the Arthaśāstra. Note: sūnā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Suna in Mali is the name of a plant defined with Pennisetum glaucum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Chaetochloa glauca var. purpurea Farw. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Phil. J. Sci. (1912)
· Linnaea (1853)
· Cytologia (1991)
· Annales Botanicae Systematicae (1861)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylaniae (1864)
· Econ. Bot. (1977)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Suna, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

suṇa : (m.) a dog.

-- or --

sūna : (adj.) swollen. || sūnā (f.), a butcher's block.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Suna, 2 (Sk. śuna; see suvāṇa) a dog, also written suṇa J. VI, 353, 357 (cp. sunakha). (Page 719)

2) Suna, 1 (Sk. śūna, pp. of śū to swell) swollen Vin. II, 253; A. IV, 275, 470. (Page 719)

— or —

Sūnā, (f.) (Sk. sūnā) a slaughter-house Vin. I, 202; II, 267; asisūnā the same Vin. II, 26; M. I, 130, 143; also sūna J. VI, 111; and sūṇā J. V, 303; sūnāpaṇa J. VI, 111; sūnaghara Vin. III, 59; sūna-nissita Vin. III, 151; sūnakāraghara VbhA. 252. (Page 721)

— or —

Sūṇā, (f.) a slaughter-house J. VI, 62; see sūnā. (Page 721)

— or —

Suṇa, “dog, ” preferable spelling for suna, cp. Geiger, P. Gr. § 931. (Page 717)

— or —

Sūna, (Sk. śūna) swollen Miln. 35719; J. VI, 555; often wrongly spelt suna (q. v.) Vin. II, 253=A. IV, 275 (cp. Leumann, Gött. Anz. , 1899, p. 595); DhsA. 197 (suna-bhāva). (Page 721)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sunā (सुना).—m A plant, Cassia lenceolata.

--- OR ---

sunā (सुना).—a (śūnya S through or H) Empty, void. Pr. sunyā gharīṃ vāṇa dēṇēṃ. 2 Naked, bare, barren, empty, dreary, desolate; wanting the proper ornaments, accompaniments, or appendages. sunā jāṇēṃ To prove blank or barren; to pass or turn out unprofitable;--as a day, a stake, an essay or effort.

--- OR ---

sūna (सून).—f ē (sūnā S) A daughter in law. Pr. kasīgē sunē gharāsārakhī. 2 Applied also to the wife of a brother's son or of a husband's brother's son.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sunā (सुना).—a Naked, empty, void.

--- OR ---

sunā (सुना).—a Empty, void. sunyā gharī vāna dēṇēṃ Nak- ed, desolate.

--- OR ---

sūna (सून).—f A daughter-in-law.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śuna (शुन).—A dog.

Derivable forms: śunaḥ (शुनः).

--- OR ---

Śūna (शून).—p. p. [śvi-kta]

1) Swollen.

2) Increased, grown, prospered.

3) Morbidly swollen.

--- OR ---

Śūnā (शूना).—[śvi-adhikaraṇe -kta saṃpra° dīrgha Tv.]

1) The soft palate, uvula.

2) A slaughter house in general.

3) Anything (such as a piece of household furniture), whereby life is likely to be destroyed; (these are five:a fireplace, a grind-stone, a broom, a mortar, and a waterpot; pañca śūnā gṛhasthasya cullī peṣaṇyupaskaraḥ | kaṇḍanī codakumbhaśca vadhyate yāstu vāhayan Manusmṛti 3.68.). See सूना (sūnā).

--- OR ---

Sūna (सून).—p. p. [sū-kta ktasya naḥ]

1) Born, produced.

2) Blown, blossomed, opened, budded.

3) Empty, vacant (perhaps for śūna or śūnya in this sense).

-nam 1 Bringing forth, parturition.

2) A bud, blossom.

3) A flower; दत्तां केनापि सूनावलिमधिमुकुटं मृन्मयीमेव दध्रे (dattāṃ kenāpi sūnāvalimadhimukuṭaṃ mṛnmayīmeva dadhre) Viś. Guṇa.197.

4) Fruit.

--- OR ---

Sūnā (सूना).—[sumaḥ naḥ dīrghaśca Uṇādi-sūtra 3.13]

1) A slaughter-house, butcher's house; भवानपि सूनोपरिचर इव गृध्र आमिषलोलुपो भीरुकश्च (bhavānapi sūnoparicara iva gṛdhra āmiṣalolupo bhīrukaśca) M.2.

2) The sale of meat.

3) Hurting, killing, destroying; सूनायामप्यननुमतमालम्भनं तदुपलभ्य (sūnāyāmapyananumatamālambhanaṃ tadupalabhya) Bhāgavata 5.9.17.

4) The soft palate, uvula.

5) A girdle, zone.

6) Inflammation of the gland of the neck called mumps.

7) A ray of light.

8) A river.

9) A daughter.

1) An elephant's trunk.

-nāḥ (f. pl.) The five things in a house by which animal life is likely to be destroyed; see under शूना (śūnā) or पञ्चशूना (pañcaśūnā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sūna (सून).—name of a locality: Mahā-Māyūrī 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuna (शुन).—m.

(-naḥ) A dog. E. śuṇ to go, ka aff.: see śuni, śvan, &c.; also with kan added śunaka .

--- OR ---

Śūna (शून).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Swelled, increased, grown. 2. Morbidly swollen. f.

(-nā) 1. A shambles, a slaughter-house. 2. The soft palate. 3. A piece of house-hold furniture which destroys animal life. viz:— “pañca śunā gṛhasthasya cullīpeṣaṇyupaskaraḥ . kaṇḍanīcodakumbhaśca badhyate yāstuvāhayan ..” E. śvi to increase, aff. kta, form irr.

--- OR ---

Sūna (सून).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Blown, budded, (as a flower.) 2. Empty, vacant, (probably for śūna or śūnya in this sense.) 3. Born, produced. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Bringing forth, (as young,) parturition. 2. A flower. 3. A bud. f.

(-nā) 1. A daughter. 2. The uvula. 3. A shambles, a slaughter-house. 4. A place or utensil in a house, where, or by which, insects may be killed, as the hearth, the slab, the pestle and mortar, the broom, and the water-pot: see pañcasūnā. 5. Hurting, injuring. 6. Inflammation of the glands of the neck. 7. A zone, a girdle. 8. A ray. 9. A river. 10. Mumps. 11. The sale of flesh. E. ṣū to bear, &c., aff. kta; or ṣu the same, na Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuna (शुन).—i. e. śvan + a, m. A dog. śunī, see s. v. śvan.

--- OR ---

Śūna (शून).—I. see śvi. Ii. (cf. suna), f. . 1. A slaughter-house, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 85; [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 25, 2; cf. the next. 2. The soft palate.

--- OR ---

Sūna (सून).—I. See 1. su. Ii. adj. Empty (wrongly for śūna, see śvi). Iii. f. (cf. śūna). 1. A shambles or slaughter-house, a place or utensil of slaughter, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 68. 2. Hurting, killing, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 17, 38. 3. The uvula. 4. A zone. 5. A river. 6. The mumps. 7. A ray.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuna (शुन).—[adjective] grown, thriven, prosperous, fortunate; [neuter] success, luck, prosperity; as [adverb] luckily, successfully.

--- OR ---

Śūna (शून).—1. [adjective] swollen; [abstract] tva [neuter]

--- OR ---

Śūna (शून).—2. [neuter] emptiness, absence, want.

--- OR ---

Śūnā (शूना).—v. sūnā.

--- OR ---

Sūna (सून).—[neuter] flower; [feminine] ā a kind of plaited basket or dish; slaughter-bench or house, butchery; the killing of a living creature.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śuna (शुन):—1. śuna m. ([probably] [from] √śū or śvi, and connected with śūra, śūṣa etc.) ‘the Auspicious one’, Name of Vāyu, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

2) of Indra, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) Śunā (शुना):—[from śuna] f. (?) a ploughshare (See śunā-vat and śunā-sīra)

4) Śuna (शुन):—n. growth, success, prosperity, welfare, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

5) 2. śuna m. = śvan, a dog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Śūna (शून):—[from śū] a mfn. ([Pāṇini 7-2, 14]) swelled, swollen ([especially] ‘morbidly’), increased, grown, [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] n. emptiness ([originally] ‘swollen state’, ‘hollowness’ cf. śūnya below), lack, want, absence, [Ṛg-veda]

9) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] incorrect pronunciation ([especially] of vowels), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

10) b See p. 1085, col. 1.

11) Śūnā (शूना):—See sūnā.

12) Śūna (शून):—[from śvi] c etc. See p. 1085, col. 1.

13) Sūna (सून):—[from ] a mfn. born, produced etc., [Pāṇini 8-2, 45 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

14) [v.s. ...] blown, budded (as a flower), [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] empty, vacant ([probably] [wrong reading] for śūna, śūnya), [ib.]

16) [v.s. ...] m. a son ([probably] [wrong reading] for 3. suta), [Pañcatantra iii, 247/248]

17) Sūnā (सूना):—[from sūna > sū] a f. a daughter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (for other meanings See sūnā, p. 1242, col. 3)

18) Sūna (सून):—[from ] n. bringing forth, parturition, [Horace H. Wilson]

19) [v.s. ...] a bud, flower (cf. pra-sūna), [Śiśupāla-vadha]

20) [v.s. ...] fruit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) b See p. 1240, col. 1.

22) Sūnā (सूना):—b f. ([probably] [from] √siv, ‘to sew’, and connected with sūci and sūtra; cf. sūna, p. 1240, col. 1) a woven wicker-work basket or vessel of any kind, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

23) a place for slaughtering animals, slaughter-house, butchery (wrongly śūnā; cf. sūdanā), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

24) the sale of flesh or meat, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

25) any place or utensil in a house where animals are liable to be accidentally destroyed (See pañca-sūnā)

26) a stick fixed to an elephant’s hook, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) killing, hurting, injuring, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

28) imminent death, danger of life (sūnāyām api, ‘even in the last extremity’), [ib.]

29) the uvula or soft palate (in this and the next sense perhaps connected with śūna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) inflammation of the glands of the neck (commonly called ‘mumps’), [Horace H. Wilson] ([according to] to some also, ‘a zone, girdle’; ‘a ray’; ‘a river’).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śuna (शुन):—(naḥ) 1. m. A dog.

2) Śūna (शून):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Swelled, grown. 1. f. Slaughter house, shambles; soft palate.

3) Suna (सुन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) p.] Aimed at, offered.

4) Sūna (सून):—(naṃ) 1. n. Bringing forth; a flower. 1. f. A daughter; uvula; slaughtering place; zone; ray; river; hurting; mumps. a. Budded; vacant; born.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śūna (शून) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sūa, Sūṇa, Sūṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sūnā (सूना):—(a) lonely, desolate; empty; ~[pana] loneliness, desolation; emptiness; -[sūnā laganā] to appear desolated.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Suṇa (सुण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śru.

2) Sūṇa (सूण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śūna.

3) Sūṇa (सूण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sūnā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sūna (ಸೂನ):—

1) [adjective] brought into life or being; born.

2) [adjective] given birth (to).

3) [adjective] (said of flowers) blown; expanded.

--- OR ---

Sūna (ಸೂನ):—[noun] a blown up flower.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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