Suna, aka: Shuna, Śūna, Sūṇā, Sūnā, Sūna, Suṇa, Śuna, Śūnā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Suna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śūna and Śuna and Śūnā can be transliterated into English as Suna or Shuna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1) Sūna (सून).—The region of adharma and Kali.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 17. 38.

2) Sūnā (सूना).—The five obstacles to the attainment of heaven by a house-holder: Kaṇḍani, peṣaṇī, cullī, jalakumbhī, pramārjanī, sins (husking, grinding, fire place, water pots and cleaning). To get rid of these sins he performs the five yajñas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 52. 15-16.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Sūnā (सूना) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “slaughter-house”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 5.13)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
context information

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sūnā (सूना) means, in the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda, apparently a ‘woven (from sīv, ‘sew’) wickerwork basket’ for holding flesh.
 

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Pali

suṇa : (m.) a dog.

-- or --

sūna : (adj.) swollen. || sūnā (f.), a butcher's block.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Suna, 2 (Sk. śuna; see suvāṇa) a dog, also written suṇa J. VI, 353, 357 (cp. sunakha). (Page 719)

2) Suna, 1 (Sk. śūna, pp. of śū to swell) swollen Vin. II, 253; A. IV, 275, 470. (Page 719)

— or —

Sūnā, (f.) (Sk. sūnā) a slaughter-house Vin. I, 202; II, 267; asisūnā the same Vin. II, 26; M. I, 130, 143; also sūna J. VI, 111; and sūṇā J. V, 303; sūnāpaṇa J. VI, 111; sūnaghara Vin. III, 59; sūna-nissita Vin. III, 151; sūnakāraghara VbhA. 252. (Page 721)

— or —

Sūṇā, (f.) a slaughter-house J. VI, 62; see sūnā. (Page 721)

— or —

Suṇa, “dog, ” preferable spelling for suna, cp. Geiger, P. Gr. § 931. (Page 717)

— or —

Sūna, (Sk. śūna) swollen Miln. 35719; J. VI, 555; often wrongly spelt suna (q. v.) Vin. II, 253=A. IV, 275 (cp. Leumann, Gött. Anz. , 1899, p. 595); DhsA. 197 (suna-bhāva). (Page 721)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

sunā (सुना).—m A plant, Cassia lenceolata.

--- OR ---

sunā (सुना).—a (śūnya S through or H) Empty, void. Pr. sunyā gharīṃ vāṇa dēṇēṃ. 2 Naked, bare, barren, empty, dreary, desolate; wanting the proper ornaments, accompaniments, or appendages. sunā jāṇēṃ To prove blank or barren; to pass or turn out unprofitable;--as a day, a stake, an essay or effort.

--- OR ---

sūna (सून).—f ē (sūnā S) A daughter in law. Pr. kasīgē sunē gharāsārakhī. 2 Applied also to the wife of a brother's son or of a husband's brother's son.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sunā (सुना).—a Naked, empty, void.

--- OR ---

sunā (सुना).—a Empty, void. sunyā gharī vāna dēṇēṃ Nak- ed, desolate.

--- OR ---

sūna (सून).—f A daughter-in-law.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śuna (शुन).—A dog.

Derivable forms: śunaḥ (शुनः).

--- OR ---

Śūna (शून).—p. p. [śvi-kta]

1) Swollen.

2) Increased, grown, prospered.

3) Morbidly swollen.

--- OR ---

Śūnā (शूना).—[śvi-adhikaraṇe -kta saṃpra° dīrgha Tv.]

1) The soft palate, uvula.

2) A slaughter house in general.

3) Anything (such as a piece of household furniture), whereby life is likely to be destroyed; (these are five:a fireplace, a grind-stone, a broom, a mortar, and a waterpot; pañca śūnā gṛhasthasya cullī peṣaṇyupaskaraḥ | kaṇḍanī codakumbhaśca vadhyate yāstu vāhayan Ms.3.68.). See सूना (sūnā).

--- OR ---

Sūna (सून).—p. p. [sū-kta ktasya naḥ]

1) Born, produced.

2) Blown, blossomed, opened, budded.

3) Empty, vacant (perhaps for śūna or śūnya in this sense).

-nam 1 Bringing forth, parturition.

2) A bud, blossom.

3) A flower; दत्तां केनापि सूनावलिमधिमुकुटं मृन्मयीमेव दध्रे (dattāṃ kenāpi sūnāvalimadhimukuṭaṃ mṛnmayīmeva dadhre) Viś. Guṇa.197.

4) Fruit.

--- OR ---

Sūnā (सूना).—[sumaḥ naḥ dīrghaśca Uṇ.3.13]

1) A slaughter-house, butcher's house; भवानपि सूनोपरिचर इव गृध्र आमिषलोलुपो भीरुकश्च (bhavānapi sūnoparicara iva gṛdhra āmiṣalolupo bhīrukaśca) M.2.

2) The sale of meat.

3) Hurting, killing, destroying; सूनायामप्यननुमतमालम्भनं तदुपलभ्य (sūnāyāmapyananumatamālambhanaṃ tadupalabhya) Bhāg.5.9.17.

4) The soft palate, uvula.

5) A girdle, zone.

6) Inflammation of the gland of the neck called mumps.

7) A ray of light.

8) A river.

9) A daughter.

1) An elephant's trunk.

-nāḥ (f. pl.) The five things in a house by which animal life is likely to be destroyed; see under शूना (śūnā) or पञ्चशूना (pañcaśūnā).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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