Sunda, aka: Śunda, Shunda; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sunda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śunda can be transliterated into English as Sunda or Shunda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Sunda (सुन्द).—A son of Hrāda (Nisunda, Vāyu-purāṇa) father of Mārīca through Tāḍakā;1 an Asura.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 34-5; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 71, 72.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 24.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Śunda (शुन्द):—Son of Bhīma (aspect of Śiva, as in, one of the eight names of Rudra) and Suvarchalā, according to the Pādma-purāṇa.

The Viṣṇu-purāṇa places the name Svarga is this position.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Śilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Sunda (सुन्द) and Upasunda are two Asura brothers, surpassing the three worlds in valour, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 15. Their story is told by sage Nārada to Udayana (king of Vatsa) and Yaugandharāyaṇa, at an auspicious hour, before starting their journey to Lāvānaka. Accordingly, the story of Sunda and Upasunda was first told by sag Nārada to Draupadī (wife of Yudhiṣṭhira and his brothers).

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sunda, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathā book cover
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Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sunda (सुन्‍द) was an asura prince and the brother of Upasunda. Their father was Jambha. The brothers grew up to be very powerful and were always of one mind. Together, they embarked on a campaign of world domination that began with a program of extreme asceticism in the mountains. Their asceticism generated such extreme heat that the gods themselves became exceedingly alarmed. Unsuccessfully, the gods attempted to distract the brothers through the enticement of maidens and by means of disturbing illusions of rampaging Rakshasas. Finally, Brahma agreed to grant the brothers a boon, on condition that they desist from their asceticism. The brothers agreed to the condition, and received the boon of being completely invulnerable, except that they could be killed by each other. Leaving the mountains, Sunda and Upasunda returned home, mustered an army, and proceeded to conquer and to devastate the entire world. They even drove the gods from their celestial abode. Finally, Brahma was again moved to action. He created the beautiful apsara Tilottama and ordered her to cause dissent between the brothers. Tilottama found Sunda and Upasunda in the countryside with their retinue, drinking and celebrating their victories. Beholding Tilottama, they immediately fell to fighting over her, and ended up killing each other. Thus was the world order reestablished.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śuṇḍā (शुंडा).—f śuṇḍādaṇḍa m The trunk of the elephant.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 12 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shundamakara
Śuṇḍamakara (शुण्डमकर).—A type of praṇāla, or ‘water-drain’.—The makara variety ...
Bhima
Bhīma (भीम) is an example of a Śaivite and Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscript...
Marica
marīca (मरीच).—n S Black pepper.
Upasunda
Upasunda (उपसुन्द) and Sunda are two Asura brothers, surpassing the three worlds in valour, acc...
Tilottama
1) Tilottamā (तिलोत्तमा) is the name of an Apsara who cursed King Sahasrānīka after he ignored ...
Sonda
sōṇḍa (सोंड).—f The trunk of an elephant.
Tadaka
taḍaka (तडक).—ad Smartly. Readily. Straight.--- OR --- taḍakā (तडका).—m A blast of cold. Activi...
Hrada
Hrada (ह्रद) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini IV.2.142. Pāṇini also ...
Suketu
1a) Suketu (सुकेतु).—A son of Nandivardhana of Magadha, and father of Devarāta; a bold an...
Pancavaktra
Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group nam...
Kolashinda
kōḷaśindā (कोळशिंदा) [-sindā-sundā, -सिंदा-सुंदा].—m A small wild animal, lynx.
Nisunda
Nisunda (निसुन्द).—A son of Hrāda; had two sons Sunda and Upasunda.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II...

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