Sugriva, aka: Sugrīva, Su-griva; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sugriva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the western quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Sugrīva).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) or Sugrīvatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Sugrīva belonging to the Garuḍa class.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sugriva in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The sugrīva-maṇḍapa is to be built with 24 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., sugrīva) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

1) Sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—Bāli and Sugrīva were brothers. Their mother was Aruṇa who once put the guise of a woman. At that time he was called by the name Aruṇī. Bāli was the son born to Indra by Aruṇī and Sugrīva was the son born to the Sun by Aruṇī. Both of them were brought up in the hermitage of Gautama. When the King of Kiṣkindhā Ṛkṣarajas died, Bāli was anointed the king of Kiṣkindhā. Sugrīva lived with Bāli, serving him. At this time Bāli engaged in a battle with the asura Dundubhi. Bāli chased Dundubhi into a cave. Placing Sugrīva at the mouth of the cave, Bāli went in. By the magic and sorcery of Dundubhi, it appeared to Sugrīva that Bāli was killed by Dundubhi. Sugrīva returned to Kiṣkindhā. Bāli who came out, followed Sugrīva to kill him due to misunderstanding. Bāli chased Sugrīva all over the world. It is mentioned in Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Kiṣkindhā Kāṇḍa, Sarga 46, that the knowledge of the lay-out of the various countries in the world that Sugrīva got in this running, helped him later, in the search for Sītā.

At last Sugrīva entered Ṛṣyamūkācala. Bāli had been once cursed that if he entered this mountain his head would be broken into pieces. Hanūmān became the minister of Sugrīva. It was during this period that Śrī Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa came by that way in search of Sītā. Sugrīva and Śrī Rāma entered into a treaty. Bāli should be killed and Kiṣkindhā should be given to Sugrīva in place of which Rāma should be helped to find out Sītā and get her back. (See full article at Story of Sugrīva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—An asura. This asura was the minister of Śumbha, an asura-chief. (Devī Bhāgavata).

3) Sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—A horse of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 147, Verse 47, that five horses Kāmaga, Śaibya, Sugrīva, Meghapuṣpa and Valāhaka were yoked to the chariot of Śrī Kṛṣṇa.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—A friend of Rāma. Dvivida was one of his ministers. Helped Rāma in his expedition to Lankā. Held the chauri when Bharata carried the Pādukā. Attained salvation by satsanga;1 the son of Viraja and Sūrya: Rumā was his queen: younger brother of Vāli;2 present at Rāma's abhiṣeka;3 to be worshipped before commencing the construction of a palace.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 16, 19 & 43; X. 67. 2; XI. 12. 6.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 215, 220 & 70.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 100.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 268. 15

1b) The name of a horse of the chariot of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 53. 5; 70. 14; 89. 49.

1c) A son of Śrutadevī and Kṛta.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 5.

1d) The name of a son of Garuḍa on the Vaikanka hill.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 39. 40.

1e) A king of Kinnaras; a gaṇa, all of them horse-faced, and going after his name*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 30; 69. 32.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—Vālin and Sugrīva were the two sons of Ahalyā, wife of Gautama ṛṣi. Without the knowledge of her ascetic husband, she conceived secretly and gave birth to two sons, Vālin the elder by Indra and Sugrīva the younger by Sūrya.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (rāmāyaṇa)
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Sugriva in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) was a friend of Rāma, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... there Rāvaṇa carried off his beloved Sītā by magic, and took her to the city of Laṅkā, having slain Jaṭāyus on the way. Then Rāma, in his bereaved state, made Sugrīva his friend by killing Bālin, and by sending Hanumān to Laṅkā obtained news of his wife”.

The story of Sugrīva was narrated by the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva, in order to demonstrate that “people who possess firmness endure for a long time mutual separation to which no termination is assigned”, in other words, that “heroic souls endure separation for so long a time”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sugrīva, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) In the Hindu epic Ramayana, Sugriva was the younger brother of Vali, whom he succeeded as ruler of the vanara or monkey kingdom Kishkindha. Rumā was his wife. He was the son of Surya, the Hindu deity of the sun. As king of the monkeys, Sugriva aided Rama in his quest to liberate his wife Sita from captivity at the hands of the Rakshasa king Ravana.

2) Sugrīva (सुग्रीव): Monkey-king, friend of Sri Rama, and brother of mighty Vali whom Sri Rama killed.

etymology: Sugriva (Sanskrit: सुग्रीव Sugrīva; Malay and Javanese: Sugriwa; Thai: สุครีพ, RTGS: Su-khrip; Lao: Sugeep; Khmer: Sukhreeb; Creole: Soogrim; Lao: Sangkip; Tamil: Cukkirivan; Burmese: Thugyeik), also spelled Sugreeva or Sugreev

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Sugriva in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) is the father of Puṣpadanta, the ninth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Sugrīva is Rāmā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Sugrīva] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sugriva in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—m (S) The name of the monkey-king, the friend and confederate of Ramachandra in his war against Rawan̤. 2 Attributively. (su & grīvā) Handsome-necked.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—m The monkey-king friend of Ramchandra. a Handsome-necked.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sugrīva (सुग्रीव).—a. having a beautiful neck. (-vaḥ) 1 a hero.

2) a swan.

3) a kind of weapon.

4) Name of one of the four horses of Kṛṣṇa.

5) of Śiva.

6) of Indra.

7) Name of a monkey-chief and brother of Vāli. [By the advice of Kabandha, Rāma went to Sugrīva who told him how his brother had treated him and besought his assistance in recovering his wife, promising at the same time that he would assist Rāma in recovering his wife Sīta. Rāma, therfore, killed vāli, and installed Sugrīva on the throne. He then assisted Rāma with his hosts of monkeys in conquering Rāvaṇa, and recovering Sīta.] °ईशः (īśaḥ) Name of Rāma; सुग्रीवेशः कटी पातु (sugrīveśaḥ kaṭī pātu) Rāma-rakṣā.8.

Sugrīva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and grīva (ग्रीव).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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