Shauri, Śauri, Sauri, Saurī: 23 definitions


Shauri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śauri can be transliterated into English as Sauri or Shauri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Saurī (सौरी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Saurī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śauri (शौरि).—Vasudeva, the son of Śūrasena.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śauri (शौरि).—A name of Vāsudeva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 13.

2a) Sauri (सौरि).—Is Śanaiścara (planet) 250,000 yojanas above Bṛhaspati; above are seven sages.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 105; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 9.

2b) Belonging to Ārṣeya pravara of Angiras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 43.

2c) An adopted son of Vastāvana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 189.

3) Saurī (सौरी).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 10.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saurī (सौरी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.42) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saurī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Saurī is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Saurī) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Sauri (सौरि).—Saturn. Note: Sauri is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Saurī (सौरी) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Saurī] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Saurī (सौरी) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Saurī]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sauri (सौरि) is another name for Ādityabhaktā, a medicinal plant, possibly identified with Helianthus annuus Linn. or “common sunflower” from the Asteraceae or “daisy” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.179-181 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Sauri and Ādityabhaktā, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sauri in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.)DC. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Alysicarpus rupicola, Alysicarpus nummularifolius, Hedysarum cylindricum. For the possible medicinal usage of sauri, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sauri in India is the name of a plant defined with Alysicarpus vaginalis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Hedysarum vaginale L. (among others).

2) Sauri is also identified with Bombax ceiba It has the synonym see Heinrich Wilhelm Schott (1794–1865) and Stephan Friedrich Ladislaus Endlicher, Meletemata botanica. 35. Wien 1832.) (Salmalia Schott & Endl., from salmali, a Sanskrit name for Salmalia malabarica. (etc.).

3) Sauri is also identified with Cleome viscosa It has the synonym Lagansa alba Raf., nom. illeg. (etc.).

4) Sauri is also identified with Echinochloa colona It has the synonym Milium colonum (L.) Kunth (etc.).

5) Sauri is also identified with Panicum colonum It has the synonym Echinochloa colona (L.) Link.

6) Sauri is also identified with Pterocarpus marsupium It has the synonym Pterocarpus marsupium fo. acuminata (Prain) Prain (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· A Hand-book to the Flora of Ceylon (1931)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Brittonia (1971)
· Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) (1923)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1824)
· Fl. Australia (1998)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sauri, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saurī (सौरी).—f (S Wife of the sun.) A neuter who adopts the female garb. 2 Applied to a forward unblushing female.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śauri (शौरि).—

1) Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa.

2) Of Balarāma.

3) Of Vasudeva; स संस्कृत्य नरश्रेष्ठं मातुलं शौरिमात्मनः (sa saṃskṛtya naraśreṣṭhaṃ mātulaṃ śaurimātmanaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.2.58; Bhāgavata 3.1.27.

4) The planet Saturn.

Derivable forms: śauriḥ (शौरिः).

--- OR ---

Sauri (सौरि).—[sūrasyāpatyaṃ pumān iñ]

1) Name of the planet Saturn.

2) The Asana tree.

3) Name of Yama.

4) Of Karṇa.

5) Of Sugrīva.

Derivable forms: sauriḥ (सौरिः).

--- OR ---

Saurī (सौरी).—

1) The wife of the sun.

2) A cow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śauri (शौरि).—m.

(-riḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu or Krishna. 2. The planet Saturn. E. śūra a proper name or a hero, aff.

--- OR ---

Sauri (सौरि).—m.

(-riḥ) 1. Saturn. 2. The Asana tree. 3. Karna. 4. Sugriva. E. sūra the sun, and aff. of descent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauri (सौरि).—i. e. sūrya + i, m. Saturn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śauri (शौरि).—[masculine] patron. of Kṛṣṇa etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śauri (शौरि):—[from śaura] m. [patronymic] of Vasu-deva, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa (also among the names of the sun), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] of Prajāti, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of Bala-deva, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] sauri)

6) [v.s. ...] the planet Saturn ([wrong reading] for sauri).

7) Saurī (सौरी):—[from saura] a f. the wife of the Sun, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] [patronymic] of Tapatī (the mother of Kuru; also called vaivasvatī), [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] a cow, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

10) [v.s. ...] Polanisia Icosandra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Sauri (सौरि):—[from saura] m. Name of the planet Saturn (as son of the Sun), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

12) [v.s. ...] a [patronymic] [Saṃskārakaustubha]

13) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] śauri)

14) [v.s. ...] Polanisia Icosandra, [ib.] (more correctly saurī)

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a locality, [Buddhist literature]

16) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people in the Deccan, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

17) Saurī (सौरी):—[from saura] b f. See above under 2. saura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śauri (शौरि):—(riḥ) 2. m. A name of Vishnu; planet Saturn.

2) Sauri (सौरि):—(riḥ) 2. m. Saturn.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śauri (शौरि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sauri.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shauri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saurī (सौरी):—(nf) a lying-in/confinement chamber.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sauri (सौरि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śauri.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śauri (ಶೌರಿ):—

1) [noun] Křṣṇa.

2) [noun] Balarāma, elder brother of Křṣṇa.

3) [noun] Vasudēva, father of Křṣṇa.

--- OR ---

Sauri (ಸೌರಿ):—[noun] (correctly, ಶೌರಿ [shauri]) Křṣṇa or Viṣṇu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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