Arkaja, Arka-ja: 11 definitions


Arkaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Arkaja (अर्कज).—A name of Śanaiścara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 93. 10.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Arkaja (अर्कज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Arkaja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Arkaja (अर्कज) refers to the planet Saturn, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Saturn [i.e., arkaja] should be eclipsed by the lunar disc, the ministers of Yaudheya, the Kauravas, the Arjunāyanas as well as the men of the eastern countries will suffer miseries for ten months. If Mercury should be so eclipsed the men of Magadha, of Mathurā and those on the banks of the river Veṇa will suffer miseries while the rest of the land will enjoy the happiness of Kṛtayuga”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Arkaja (अर्कज) refers to “(the exudation of) Calotropis gigantea” (and is used in the treatment of Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “If a hawk is found to be losing strength and colour owing to any hurt, the following medicine is to be applied with care. Two kinds of turmeric, blue vitriol, Siphonanthus Indica, Vangueria spinosa, exudation of Calotropis gigantea [e.g., arkajacārkajaṃ payaḥ]—these are to be mixed up in equal quantities and should be administered with meat for three weeks, the dose being varied according to circumstances. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arkaja (अर्कज).—epithet of Karṇa, Yama, Sugrīva.

-jau the two Aśvins regarded as the physicians of Heaven.

Derivable forms: arkajaḥ (अर्कजः).

Arkaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms arka and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arkaja (अर्कज).—du. m. (-jau) The two sons of Surya and Aswini, and physicians of Swarga E. arka the sun, and ja who is born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arkaja (अर्कज):—[=arka-ja] mfn. ‘sun-born’, coming from the sun

2) [v.s. ...] m. the planet Saturn, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arkaja (अर्कज):—[arka-ja] (jau) 1. m. The two sons of the sun, heavenly physicians.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arkaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arkaja (ಅರ್ಕಜ):—[noun] a son of the Sun-God a) Śani; considered as the seventh planet in Indian astrology; b) Yama, the Divine Law-giver; c) Karṇa, a famous character in the epic Mahābhārata, d) Sugrīva, a character in the epic Rāmāyaṇa.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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