Riksharajas, Ṛkṣarajas: 3 definitions



Riksharajas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṛkṣarajas can be transliterated into English as Rksarajas or Riksharajas, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Riksharajas in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ṛkṣarajas (ऋक्षरजस्).—A monkey who was the foster-father of Bāli and Sugrīva. He was the king of Kiṣkindhā. He had no issue for a long time. Bāli and Sugrīva were brought up by Ahalyā at Gautama’s āśrama. Ṛksarajas, with the permission of Indra, went to the āśrama and took Bāli and Sugrīva with him to Kiṣkindhā. From that time, Bāli and Sugrīva remained with him as his foster-sons. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

There is a story in Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Prakṣipta Sarga, about the origin of this monkey.

Once when Brahmā was in a state of meditation on the Meru mountain, tears rolled down from his eyes and he gathered the tears in his own hands. From those tears, a monkey came into being. Ṛkṣarajas was that monkey.

One day, Ṛkṣarajas went to a lake to quench his thirst. Seeing his own image reflected in the water, he thought it was some enemy and jumped into the lake, to attack him. But he soon realized his mistake and returned to the shore. As soon as he came out of the water, he felt that he had become a woman. Seeing her fascinating beauty, Indra and Sūrya were filled with lustful passion. Both of them had involuntary emission of semen. Bāli was born from Indra’s semen which fell on the head and Sugrīva was born from Sūrya’s semen which fell on the neck of Ṛkṣarajas. Towards the end of the night, Ṛkṣarajas lost his female form and regained his former shape as a male. At once he took the two children with him to Brahmā and told him the whole story. Brahmā sent a messenger with Ṛkṣarajas and had him anointed king of Kiṣkindhā. After the time of Ṛkṣarajas, Bāli became king of Kiṣkindhā.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of riksharajas or rksarajas in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Riksharajas in Sanskrit glossary

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ṛkṣarajas (ऋक्षरजस्):—[(ṛkṣa + ra)] m. Nomen proprium des Vaters der Affen Vālin und Sugrīva [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 37, 1, 1. 45. 50. 52.] rajasa [36, 36.] rājan [37.] rāj [37, 1, 20.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ṛkṣarajas (ऋक्षरजस्):—rajasa und rāj f. Nomen proprium des Vaters der Affen Vālin und Sugrīva.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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