Shakhi, Sakhi, Sakhī, Śākhi: 12 definitions

Introduction

Shakhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākhi can be transliterated into English as Sakhi or Shakhi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śākhi (शाखि).—Parents of Māriṣā, mother of Dakṣa in Cākṣuṣaantara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 61.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Śākhi (शाखि) refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Śākhi] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Sakhī (सखी) refers to:—A female friend, companion or attendant. Śrīmatī Rādhikā has five kinds of sakhīs: (1) Sakhī–Daniṣṭhā is an example. These sakhīs love and serve both Śrīmatī Rādhikā and Śrī Kṛṣṇa, but they are slightly more inclined towards Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (2) Nitya-sakhīs and (3) prāṇa-sakhīs–the only two kinds of sakhīs who are in the category of mañjarīs. These sakhīs serve both Śrī Rādhā and Śrī Kṛṣṇa, with a tendency to favour Śrīmatī Rādhikā. The prāṇa-sakhīs, like Rūpa Mañjarī and Rati Mañjarī, being even more intimately connected with Śrīmatī, are naturally the leaders of the nitya-sakhīs. (4) Priya-sakhīs and (5) priya-narmasakhīs–Lalitā and Viśākhā are examples. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sakhi : (m.) a friend. || sākhī (m.), a tree.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sakhi, (Vedic sakhi m. & f. ) a companion, friend; Nom. sakhā J. II, 29; 348; Acc. sakhāraṃ J. II, 348; V, 509; & sakhaṃ J. II, 299; Instr. sakhinā J. IV, 41; Abl. sakhārasmā J. III, 534; Gen. sakhino J. VI, 478; Voc. sakhā J. III, 295; Nom. pl. sakhā J. III, 323; & sakhāro J. III, 492; Gen. sakhīnaṃ J. III, 492; IV, 42; & sakhānaṃ J. II, 228. In compn with bhū as sakhi° & sakhī°, e.g. sakhibhāva friendship J. VI, 424; PvA. 241; & sakhībhāva J. III, 493. (Page 661)

— or —

Sakhī, (f.) (to sakhi) a female friend J. II, 27, 348. (Page 661)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śākhī (शाखी).—a (S) Branched, having branches, lit. fig.

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sakhī (सखी).—f (S) A female friend or companion, a confidante. 2 One of the obscene verses com- posed to be sung at the Shimga and on similar occasions. 3 A kind of introductory shlok to the love-song called lāvaṇī.

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sākhī (साखी).—f (Better sākha) Mercantile credit: also good repute.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śākhī (शाखी).—a Branched, having branches.

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sakhī (सखी).—f A female friend, a confidante sagāsōyarā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sakhi (सखि).—m. [saha samānaṃ khyāyate ni° Uṇ.4.136] (nom. sakhā, sakhāyau, sakhāyaḥ; acc. sakhāyam, sakhāyau, sakhyuḥ gen sing.; sakhyau loc. sing.) A friend, companion, an associate; तस्मात् सखा त्वमसि यन्मम तत्तवैव (tasmāt sakhā tvamasi yanmama tattavaiva) U.5.1; सखीनिव प्रीतियुजोऽनुजीविनः (sakhīniva prītiyujo'nujīvinaḥ) Ki. 1.1. (At the end of comp. sakhi is changed to sakha; vanitāsakhānām Ku.1.1; sacivasakhaḥ R.4.87;1.48;12.9; Bk.1.1.)

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Sakhī (सखी).—A female friend or companion, a lady's maid; नृत्यति युवतिजनेन समं सखि विरहिजनस्य दुरन्ते (nṛtyati yuvatijanena samaṃ sakhi virahijanasya durante) Gīt.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakhi (सखि).—m. (sakhā) 1. A friend. 2. An associate, a companion. f. (-khī) A woman’s female friend or companion, a confidante, &c. E. sa for samāna all, (the world,) khyā to celebrate, aff. in, and ṅīṣ fem. aff.; the masc. noun is irregularly inflected. At the end of compounds sakhi is changed to sakha .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakhi (सखि).—i. e. probably sa- 1. kṣi, I. m. 1. An associate, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 56; a companion, 265, 3. 2. A friend, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 12, 1. Ii. f. khī, A female friend, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 8, 2; [Pañcatantra] 258, 9.

— Cf. [Latin] socius.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakhi (सखि).—[masculine] friend, comrade, attendant.

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Sakhī (सखी).—[feminine] female friend or companion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śākhi (शाखि):—[from śākh] m. [plural] Name of a people (= turuṣka; cf. next), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Sakhi (सखि):—[from sac] m. (strong cases [nominative case] sakhā [plural] sakhāyaḥ; [accusative] sg. sakhāyam; [genitive case] [ablative] sakhyus; other cases regularly from sakhi) a friend, assistant, companion, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the husband of the wife’s sister, brother-in-law, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

4) Sakhī (सखी):—[from sakhi > sac] a f. See below.

5) Sakhi (सखि):—[from sac] cf. [Latin] socius.

6) Sakhī (सखी):—[from sac] b f. a female friend or companion, a woman’s confidante, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a mistress, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) a woman who shares in or sympathizes with, [Kumāra-sambhava]

9) Sākhi (साखि):—m. Name of a people (cf. śākhi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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