Sharira, Śarīra, Sarīra, Sarira, Śārīra: 39 definitions


Sharira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śarīra and Śārīra can be transliterated into English as Sarira or Sharira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śārīra (शारीर) refers to “body”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā. As an integral part of Āyurveda, the term also refers to the broad subject of “Anatomy” or “Physiology”. The literal translation of the word Śārīra is ‘that which decays’.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Śarīra (शरीर):—[śarīraḥ] Body

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Śarīra (शरीर) refers to the “body”.—The universe is based on the pañcamahābhūtas, viz. ākāśa, (space), pṛthvī (earth), vāyu (air), jala (water) and agni (fire). The Ayurvedic system says that the body (śarīra) is also pañcabhautika and the medicines i.e. plants and animals are also pañcabhautika. So the pañcabhautika-śarīra can be treated with pañcabhautika drug. The basic units of śarīra are comprised of three elements known as tridoṣas. They are vāta, pitta and kapha. They are also pañcabhautic. Vātakadoṣa is ākāśa and vāyu-bhūta predominant, pitta is agni and jala predominant and kapha is jala and pṛthvī predominant. So treating with pañcabhautika drugs is a necessity to passify the rogāvasthā of a person.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śarīra (शरीर) refers to the “body” of three types, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18. Accordingly, “the body (śarīra) is of three types: the gross (sthūla), the subtle (sūkṣma) and the causal (kāraṇa). The gross body is responsible for all activities; the subtle body yields the enjoyment of pleasures through the senses. The causal body is for the sake of experiencing the good and bad results of the activities of the Jiva. The Jīva experiences happiness as a result of virtue and misery as a result of sin. The Jīva bound by the rope of activities revolves round and round for ever like a wheel by means of the three types of body and their activities”.

Śarīra or “splendid body” is mentioned as one of the potential rewards of Śiva-worship, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12:—“[...] those who desire magnificent buildings, beautiful ornaments, beautiful women, wealth to satiety, sons and grandsons, health, splendid body (śarīra), extraordinary status, heavenly happiness and final salvation or profound devotion to the great lord shall duly worship Śiva by virtue of their merit accumulated by them. Sure success will be his who regularly worships Śiva liṅga with great devotion. He will never be afflicted by sins”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śarīra (शरीर).—(body) Body is constituted of the five elements, earth, water, fire, air and sky (ether). What is solid or hard in the body is earth; liquid, is water; hot or burning, fire; what gives motion to the body is air and what are pores in the body is sky. (See full article at Story of Śarīra from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śarīra (शरीर).—A pupil of Vedamitra Śākalya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 22.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Śarīra (शरीर) refers to “gestures of the limbs”. It is one of the three types of āṅgika “gestures” (physical representations), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Āṅgika represents one of the four categories of representation (abhinaya), which are used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2) Śārīra (शारिर, “bodily”) refers to the histrionic representation (abhinaya) through “the body” (śārīra), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These representation are connected with the proper psychological states (bhāva) and sentiments (rasa) available for the subject matter of dramatic plays (nāṭya).

There are ten representations through which the body (śārīra) can be expressed:

  1. vākya (words),
  2. sūcā,
  3. aṅkura,
  4. śākhā,
  5. nāṭyāyita,
  6. nivṛttyaṅkura.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sharira in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Śarīra (शरीर, “body”) refers to one of the twelve prameya (“objects of valid knowledge) according to the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Prameya in turn represents the second of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Accordingly, “Śarīra is the locus of volition, senses and objects etc.”.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Śarīra (शरीर) refers to the “physical body” and represents of the four divisions of the Self, according to Kṣemarāja’s Pratyabhijñāhṛdaya (chapter 7-8).—Accordingly, the self is said to be four-fold: void, life-force, the subtle body consisting of the mind and its faculties, and the physical body (śarīra). It is five-fold with the transindividual Power of Awareness that permeates the whole. In fact, it is not only cit that permeates the other levels: Kṣemarāja tells us that “it is clear that the very essence of each of these levels is the fact of its pervasion by all the loci of perception prior to it,” where “loci of perception” refers to these levels of embodiment as those realities with which contracted souls identify, and “prior to” means “more fundamental than

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Śarīra (शरीर) refers to the “body”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O Goddess! With your energy the sun burns, the moon expands the immortal essence with his beams, and here in our body (śarīra) the vital functions glimmer under the control of the vital air. For, without you none can function at all”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sharira in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Śarīra (शरीर) [=Śarīraka?] refers to “bodies”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The sphere of the sun is at the base of the Central Channel, complete with twelve digits, shining with its rays. The lord of creatures (Prajāpati), of intense appearance, travels upwards on the right. Staying in the pathways in the spaces in the channels it pervades the entire body. The sun consumes the lunar secretion, wanders in the sphere of the wind and burns up all the bodily constituents in all bodies (sarva-śarīraka)”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: The Annals of the Research Project Center for the Comparative Study of Logic: A Study of Rāmānuja’s Theology

Śarīra (शरीर) refers to the “(twofold) body” (i.e., the spiritual and physical), according to Koki Ishimoto in his paper, A Study of Rāmānuja’s Theology : Three Aspects of viśiṣṭatva of Brahman.—Rāmānuja (1017-1137) is known as a philosopher who tried to harmonize the Vedānta philosophy with Vaiṣṇava theology. In later times his theory came to be called viśiṣṭādvaitavāda ‘qualified monisim’, since, in his view, Brahman is supposed to be qualified by three real factors: specifiers or differentiators (viśeṣa), auspicious qualities (kalyāṇaguṇa), and a twofold body (śarīra, spiritual and physical).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śarīra (शरीर, ‘body’) is a word of frequent occurrence in Vedic literature. The interest of the Vedic Indians seems early to have been attracted to the consideration of questions connected with the anatomy of the body.

Thus a hymn of the Atharvaveda enumerates many parts of the body with some approach to accuracy and orderly arrangement. It mentions

  1. the heels (pārṣṇī),
  2. the flesh (māṃsa),
  3. the ankle-bones (gulphau),
  4. the fingers (aṅgulīḥ),
  5. the apertures (kha),
  6. the two metatarsi (uchlakau),
  7. the tarsus (pratiṣṭhā),
  8. the two knee-caps (aṣṭhīvantau),
  9. the two legs (jaṅghe),
  10. the two knee-joints (jānunoḥ sandhi).

Then comes above the

  1. two knees (jānū)
  2. the foursided (catuṣṭaya),
  3. pliant (śithira)
  4. trunk (kabandha).

The two hips (śroṇī) and the two thighs (ūrū) are the props of the frame (kusindha).

Next come

  1. the breast-bone (uras),
  2. the cervical cartilages (grīvāḥ),
  3. the two breast pieces (stanau),
  4. the two shoulder-blades (kaphoḍau),
  5. the neck-bones (skandhau),
  6. and the backbones (pṛṣṭīḥ),
  7. the collar-bones (aṃsau),
  8. the arms (bāhū),
  9. the seven apertures in the head (sapta khāni śīrṣaṇi),
  10. the ears (karṇau),
  11. the nostrils (nāsike),
  12. the eyes (cakṣaṇī),
  13. the mouth (mukha),
  14. the jaws (hanū),
  15. the tongue (jihvā),
  16. the brain (mastiṣka),
  17. the forehead (lalāṭa),
  18. the facial bone (kakāṭikā),
  19. the cranium (kapāla),
  20. and the structure of the jaws (cityā hanvoḥ).

This system presents marked similarities with the later system of Caraka and Suśruta, which render certain the names ascribed to the several terms by Hoernle.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Śarīra (शरीर) (Cf. Aśarīra) refers to a “body”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Further, the so-called ‘insight (prajñā)’ is a word for calm because it is free from the flame of false discrimination; [...] a word for knowledge because it is free from the duality of consciousness and knowledge; a word for uncrushability because it has no contrary; a word for no body (aśarīra-pada) because it is not brought into being; a word for the thorough understanding because it is [free from] the suffering which conceptually constructed; a word for getting rid of all-pervasive origin of [suffering] because it conquered all tendencies of desires; a word for cessation because it is without occurrence; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Sarīra (सरीर, “body”) is a Prakrit technical term referring to “names derived from physical characteristics” and representing kind of a rule when deriving personal names for men, mentioned in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning sarīra) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

Sarīra names are qualitative. They are saṇḍa (bull), vikaḍa (terrible), kharaḍa (lowest), khallaḍa (bald) and vipiṇa (forest).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Śarīra (शरीर).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.36-37, how many types of bodies (śarīra) are there? There five types of bodies namely gross (audārika), the transformable /protean (vaikriyika), the coveyance (āhāraka), the luminous (tejasa) and the kārmika bodies. The bodies are more and more subtle successively. Are these body perceptible by our sense organs (pañcendriya)? No. except the one body as each successive body is subtle than the previous one. Which is the type of body which is perceptible by our sense organs? The gross body (audārika) is perceptible by our sense organs.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Śarīra (शरीर, “body”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.19.—The function of matter (pudgala) is to form the basis of the body (śarīra), the organs of speech (vāc), the mind (manas) and the respiration (prāṇa). What is the meaning of body (śarīra)? The entity which is created by the rise of name karmas and undergo the transformation i.e. decays of old parts / constituents and origin of new ones.

How many types of body (śarīra) are there? Body can be of five types, namely: gross, protean, conveyance, and luminous and kārmika.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Śarīra (शरीर, “body”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.12.—What is meant by body (śarīra)? The entity which is created due to the rise of special body-making karmas and then decays. Synonym for body is kāya. What is the nature of body and what is the result of contemplating on it? The nature of the body is transitory and full of misery and suffering. By contemplating on it one develops detachment from it.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Śarīra (शरीर, “body”) refers to “physique body-making karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by the physique (śarīra) body-making (nāma) karmas? The karmas rise of which causes attainment of a body by the soul are called physique body-making karmas. 

How many types of physique body-making (śarīra) karma are there? There are five types of body-name karmas, namely:

  1. physical /gross (audārika),
  2. protean (vaikriyika),
  3. conveyance (āhāraka),
  4. luminous (taijasa),
  5. karmic (kārmaṇa).
Source: University of Cambridge: Jainism

Sarīra (सरीर) in Prakrit refers to “type of body” and represents one of the twenty-four Daṇḍakas (“parameters relating to the description of living beings”).—The most common list of daṇḍakas has 24 terms in Prakrit. This has been the starting point of a variety of works, among which the Caturviṃśatidaṇḍaka by Gajasāra stands as a classic.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Śarīra (शरीर) refers to the “bodies”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “The bodies (śarīra) as well as the objects of pleasure of the senses are transient like bubbles. In the endless cycle of worldly existence, union and separation in the womb etc. alternate in quick succession. However, the self under delusion considers the persons and objects associated with him as permanent. [...]”.

2) Śarīra (शरीर) refers to the “body”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “You must understand that the body [com.—śarīra] is overcome by disease, youth is overcome by old age, vitality is oppressed by decay and life is oppressed by death”.

Synonyms: Vapus, Deha, Kalevara.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Sarīra (सरीर) refers to the “type of body” (of the Gods, Humans, Animals, etc.), as defined in the “Arhadvijñaptirūpā Vicāraṣaṭtriṃśikā” by Gajasāra, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Vicāraṣaṭtriṃśikā (in Prakrit) was first presented in tabular form (yantra) according to the commentators, and then put in the form of a text. [...] Each category is then examined through twenty-four parameters [e.g., type of body (sarīra)].

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śarīra.—(SITI), person; individual. (EI 24; ML), corporeal relies of the Buddha. Note: śarīra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Sārīrā (सारीरा) refers to one of the Eighteen types of Horses commonly known to ancient Indian society, according to Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] At page 23.22 of the Kuvalayamālā there is an enumeration of 18 kinds of horses, [e.g., Sārīrā], [...].—Also see the Samarāīccackahā of Haribhadrasūri from  the beginning of the 8th century A.D.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharira in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sarīra : (nt.) the body.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sarīra, (nt.) (Vedic śarīra) 1. the (physical) body D. I, 157; M. I, 157; S. IV, 286; A. I, 50; II, 41; III, 57 sq. , 323 sq.; IV, 190. Sn. 478, 584; Dh. 151; Nd1 181; J. I, 394 (six blemishes); II, 31; antimasarīra one who wears his last body, an Anāgāmin Sn. 624; S. I, 210; Dh. 400.—2. a dead body, a corpse D. II, 141, 164; M. III, 91.—3. the bones D. II, 164.—4. relics Vv 63, 32; VvA. 269.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śarīra (शरीर).—n (S) The body. 2 A covert term for pudendum virile vel muliebre. śa0 vēcaṇēṃ (parōpakārākaḍē) To spend or lay out one's body (as in philanthropic labors).

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śārīra (शारीर) [or शारीरक, śārīraka].—a (S) Corporeal, bodily, relating to the body.

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śārīra (शारीर) [or शारीरक, śārīraka].—n S (Science of the body.) A division of medicine comprehending anatomy and pathology. 2 The quaver (in singing). v ghē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śarīra (शरीर).—n The body.

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śārīra (शारीर).—a Corporeal, bodily, phy- sical; as distinguished from mānasika, bauddhika. n The quaver (in singing).

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śārīra (शारीर).—n Anatomy.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarīra (शरीर).—[śṝ-īran Uṇādi-sūtra 4.31]

1) The body (of animate or inanimate objects); शरीरमाद्यं खलु धर्मसाधनम् (śarīramādyaṃ khalu dharmasādhanam) Kumārasambhava 5.33.

2) The constituent element; शरीरं तावदिष्टार्थव्यवच्छिन्ना पदावली (śarīraṃ tāvadiṣṭārthavyavacchinnā padāvalī) Kāv.1.1; शरीरमसि संसारस्य (śarīramasi saṃsārasya) Uttararāmacarita 7.

3) Bodily strength.

4) A dead body.

5) One's own person, individual soul (jīvātmā); यथा यथा मनस्तस्य दुष्कृतं कर्म गर्हति । तथा तथा शरीरं तत्तेनाधर्मेण मुच्यते (yathā yathā manastasya duṣkṛtaṃ karma garhati | tathā tathā śarīraṃ tattenādharmeṇa mucyate) || Manusmṛti 11.229.

Derivable forms: śarīram (शरीरम्).

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Śārīra (शारीर).—a. (- f.) [शरीरस्येदम् अण् (śarīrasyedam aṇ)]

1) Relating to the body, bodily, corporeal.

2) Incorporate, embodied.

-raḥ, -ram 1 The incorporate or embodied spirit (jīvātman); human or individual soul.

2) A bull.

3) A kind of drug.

4) Excrement; विनाद्भिरप्सु वाप्यार्तः शारीरं संनिवेश्य च (vinādbhirapsu vāpyārtaḥ śārīraṃ saṃniveśya ca) Manusmṛti 11.22.

-ram Bodily constitution.

2) (In medic.) the science of the body and its parts; anatomy.

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Sarira (सरिर).—Water; cf. सलिल (salila).

Derivable forms: sariram (सरिरम्).

See also (synonyms): sarila.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarīra (शरीर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. The body. 2. The body of any inanimate object. 3. A dead body. E. śṝ to injure, to be injured, Unadi aff. īran .

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Śārīra (शारीर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Corporeal, bodily, belonging to or produced from the body. 2. Spiritual in connection with the body, incorporate. 3. A bull. n.

(-raṃ) 1. The soul or spirit whilst incorporate. 2. A drug. 3. Excrement, excretion. m.

(-raḥ) Personal chastisement, corporeal punishment. E. śarīra the body, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarīra (शरीर).— (vb. śṛ10), n. 1. The body, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 96. 2. Life, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 103.

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Śārīra (शारीर).—i. e. śarīra + a, I. adj. 1. Corporeal, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 17, 14; relating to animal bodies, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 110. 2. Spiritual, incorporate. Ii. n. 1. Excrement, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 202. 2. The soul whilst incorporate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarīra (शरीर).—[neuter] ([masculine]) the body, also = person; [abstract] † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

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Śārīra (शारीर).—[feminine] ī made of bone; corporeal, of the body. [neuter] bodily constitution, excrement.

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Sarira (सरिर).—[neuter] the heaving flood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarīra (शरीर):—n. (once in [Rāmāyaṇa] m.; ifc. f(ā). ; either [from] √śri and [originally] = ‘support or supporter’ cf. 2. śaraṇa and, [Manu-smṛti i, 7]; or [according to] to others, [from] √śṝ, and [originally] = ‘that which is easily destroyed or dissolved’) the body, bodily frame, solid parts of the body ([plural] the bones), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) any solid body (opp. to udaka etc.), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra]

3) one’s body id est. one’s own person, [Manu-smṛti xi, 229]

4) bodily strength, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) a dead body, [ib.]

6) Śārīra (शारीर):—mf(ī)n. ([from] śarīra) bodily, corporeal, relating or belonging to or being in or produced from or connected with the body (with daṇḍa m. corporal punishment), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

7) made of bone, [Suśruta]

8) n. bodily constitution, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) (in med.) the science of the body and its parts, anatomy, [Suśruta; Caraka]

10) the feces, excrement, [Manu-smṛti xi, 202]

11) the embodied soul or spirit, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) = vṛṣa (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Sarira (सरिर):—[from sara] n. (cf. salila) the heaving sea, flood, tide, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] = bahu, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 1]

15) [v.s. ...] the universe (= loka or tri-loka), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarīra (शरीर):—(raṃ) 1. n. The body.

2) Śārīra (शारीर):—[(raḥ-rī-raṃ) n.] Incorporated soul; excrement. m. Bodily punishment. a. Corporeal, incorporate.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śarīra (शरीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sarīra, Sārīra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharira in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śarīra (शरीर) [Also spelled sharir]:—(nm) body, physique; (a) mischievous; —[aura ātmā] body and soul; -[kriyā] physiology; ~[kriyātmaka] physiological; ~[kriyā-vijñāna] physiology; ~[kriyā-vaijñānika] a physiologist; physiological; -[gaṭhana] physique, body-build, physical frame; -[tyāga] death; -[daṃḍa] physical punishment; -[patana/pāta/nipāta] death, demise; -[rakṣaka] a bodyguard, escort; -[racanā] anatomy, physical structure; •[vijñāna/śāstra] anatomy; ~[racanāvaijñānika] an anatomist; anatomical; ~[vijñāna/śāstra] physiology; ~[vaijñānika] a physiologist; physiological; -[śāstrī] a physiologist; ~[śāstrīya] physiological; -[saṃbaṃdha] physical relationship, sexual relationship; -[saṃbaṃdhī] corporeal, pertaining to the body/physical frame; -[saṃskāra] sixteen rituals or consecrations of physical purification prescribed by the Vedas; ~[stha] located or concentrated in the body; confined to the physical element; —[galanā/ghulānā] to be on the wane, to be decrying, to decay; —[chūṭanā] to pass away, to die; —[choḍanā/-tyāganā] to die, to pass away; —[jalanā] to be running very high temperature;—[bhara jānā] to acquire fullness of bloom; to acquire healthy flesh; —[meṃ bijalī dauḍa jānā] to be thrilled with excitement.

2) Śārīra (शारीर) [Also spelled sharir]:—(nm) Anatomy; (a) anatomical, corporeal; —[tattva] physical/corporeal/anatomical etcment; —[vighā/śāstra] (the science of) Anatomy; ~[śāstrīya] anatomical.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sarīra (सरीर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śarīra.

2) Sārīra (सारीर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śārīra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śarira (ಶರಿರ):—[noun] = ಶರೀರ [sharira].

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Śarīra (ಶರೀರ):—[noun] the bodily frame of a human or other animal; the body.

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Śārīra (ಶಾರೀರ):—

1) [adjective] of, in, by or to the body; bodily.

2) [adjective] having a body; corporeal.

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Śārīra (ಶಾರೀರ):—

1) [noun] the body (of a living being).

2) [noun] the nature, inborn qualities of the body (of a person); constitution of the body.

3) [noun] anything concerning, relating to, produced by, the body.

4) [noun] an ox.

5) [noun] the embodied soul or spirit.

6) [noun] (jain.) misery, suffering caused by, occuring in the body, considered as an impediment in one’s spiritual life.

7) [noun] the musical quality of one’s voice (esp. of a singer).

8) [noun] (dance.) any of the bodily movements to express something; a gesture.

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Sarira (ಸರಿರ):—[noun] the bodily frame of a human or other animal; the body.

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Sārira (ಸಾರಿರ):—[adjective] = ಸಾರೀರ [sarira]1.

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Sārira (ಸಾರಿರ):—[noun] = ಸಾರೀರ [sarira]2.

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Sārīra (ಸಾರೀರ):—

1) [adjective] (correctly, ಶಾರೀರ [sharira]) 1. of, in, by or to the body; bodily.

2) [adjective] having a body; corporeal.

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Sārīra (ಸಾರೀರ):—

1) [noun] (correctly, ಶಾರೀರ [sharira]) 1. anything concerning, relating to, produced by, the body.

2) [noun] the musical quality of one’s voice (esp. of a singer).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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