Shadvarga, Ṣaḍvarga, Shash-varga: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shadvarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍvarga can be transliterated into English as Sadvarga or Shadvarga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग).—According to the texts, the temple should consist of six main parts (ṣaḍvarga) in the elevation. They are adhiṣṭhāna, bhitti, prastara, grīva, śikhara and stūpi. The Texts refer to this part as vimāna. In this ṣaḍvarga, tower consisting of tiers is not included. The tower is then an optional member.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग) refers to “—1. (building) with six levels of elevation §§ 3.12; 4.2.— 2. (the six āyādi formulas § 2.6)”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Shadvarga in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta (jyotisha)

Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग, “six divisions”) are technically called kṣetra, horā, drekkāṇa, navāṃśa, dvādaśāṃśa and triṃśāṃśa. According to Jyotir-vedic astrology, when the relationship between the planets and the rulers of these six divisions is determined, the auspiciousness of the moment of birth can be calculated. In the book named Bṛhaj-jātaka and other books there are directions for interpreting the movements of the stars and planets.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shadvarga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग).—m S A class of six vices or blemishes; viz. sexual passion, anger, cupidity, natural affection, pride, jealousy or envy. 2 A class or an aggregate of six objects generally.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shadvarga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) A class or aggregate of six, as of six defects or enemies of humanity taken together. viz:—“kāma” desire, “krodha” wrath, “lobha” covetousness, “moha” bewilderment, “mada” pride, and “mātmarya” envy. E. ṣaṣ six, and varga a class.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग).—[masculine] six-group, aggregate of six things.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग):—[=ṣaḍ-varga] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] m. a class or aggregate of six, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] six cows, with calves, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] the five senses and Manas, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] the six inner foes or faults of men (viz. kāma, krodha, lobha, harṣa, māna, and, mada; also with ari or ripu or śatru, prefixed e.g. ari-ṣaḍ-v), [Mahābhārata; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग):—[ṣa-ḍvarga] (rgaḥ) 1. m. Six qualities or defects.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ṣaḍvarga (षड्वर्ग):—m. eine Gruppe —, ein Verein von Sechsen [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 873.] [Oxforder Handschriften 236], a, [9.] sechs Kühe mit Kälbern [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 4, 21. 14, 5, 20. 23. 18, 5, 4.] die fünf Sinne und das Manas: asaṃyata adj. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 18, 40.] die sechs innern Feinde des Menschen: kāmaḥ krodhastathā lobho harṣo māno madastathā . ṣaḍvargamutsṛjedetam [Spr. (II) 1638.] [Bhaṭṭikavya 1, 2.] jit [Mahābhārata 1, 1948.] kāmakopādiripu [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 134.] ari [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 132, 44.] [Daśakumāracarita 186, 7.] śatru [Spr. (II) 2740.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 1, 58.] — Vgl. ṣāḍvargika .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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