Samsthana, aka: Saṃsthāna; 7 Definition(s)
Samsthana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Saṃsthāna (संस्थान) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃsthāna) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Saṃsthāna (संस्थान).—A region in India mentioned in the Purāṇas. Armies from this region protected Bhīṣma during the great war. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 51).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Saṃsthāna (संस्थान, “shape”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—“Sound (śabda), union (bandha), fineness (saukṣmya), grossness (sthaulya), shape (saṃsthāna), division (bheda), darkness (tamas or andhakāra), image (chāya or chāyā), warm light (sunshine) (ātapa) and cool light (moonlight) (udyota) also (are forms of matter)”.
How many types of shape (saṃsthāna) are there? It is of two types namely that which can be defined and the other which cannot be defined.What is meant by shape that can be defined? Shapes like triangle, circular, rectangular etc which can be defined. What is meant by shapes which cannot be defined? Shapes, like those of clouds, which keep on changing and impossible to be described /defined.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Saṃsthāna (संस्थान) refers to “structure karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by structure (saṃsthāna) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes the structure of the body accomplished are called structure body-making karma.
The structure (saṃsthāna) body-making karma is of six types namely:
- perfectly symmetrical body (samacaturasra),
- the upper part symmetrical alone (nyagrodhaparimaṃdala),
- the lower part alone symmetrical (svāti),
- dwarf (vāmana),
- hunchbacked body (kubjaka),
- deformed body (huṇḍaka).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
saṃsthāna (संस्थान).—n (S) A royal city or town. 2 A town or place favored by the occasional manifestations of any god, by the residence there of saints and sages, of learned doctors &c.: also a town appointed for the residence and made over for the maintenance of a god, saint &c.: also a seat of the occurrence or existence of any event or being considered as demanding religious commemoration, observance, veneration &c. 3 Revenue applied to the support of such places.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
saṃsthāna (संस्थान).—n A royal city or town.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 27 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Akṣarasaṃsthāna (अक्षरसंस्थान).—[akṣarāṇāṃ saṃsthānaṃ yatra] arrangement of letters, writing, a...
Bhārgavasaṃsthāna (भार्गवसंस्थान) refers to the “appearance of Venus” and is the name of the fi...
Strīsaṃsthāna (स्त्रीसंस्थान).—a. having a female shape; स्त्रीसंस्थानं चाप्यरस्तीर्थमारादुत्क्...
Saṃsthānavicaya (संस्थानविचय).—One of the four types of virtuous (dharmya) meditation.—What is ...
Vāmana (वामन, “dwarf”) refers to one of the six types of Saṃsthāna (structu...
Sāṃsthānika (सांस्थानिक).—A fellow-countryman.Derivable forms: sāṃsthānikaḥ (सांस्थानिकः).
Svāti (r. 37-19 BCE) is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lin...
Śabda (शब्द) refers to “words that are made of syllables” according to Pāṇini (7th century BCE)...
Nāma (नाम) refers to “nouns and pronouns” and represents one of the four classes of words accor...
Bheḍā (भेडा) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as ...
Chāyā (छाया).—A substitute of Saṃjñā, daughter of Viśvakarmā. Saṃjñā got from Sūrya three child...
Ātapa (आतप) refers to “emitting warm light” and represents one of the various kinds o...
Kubjaka (कुब्जक, “hunchbacked”) refers to one of the six types of Saṃsthāna ...
Nyagrodhaparimaṇḍala (न्यग्रोधपरिमण्डल) refers to the “upper part symmetrical alone” and r...
1) Tamas (तमस्).—A hell.2) Tamas (तमस्).—One of the three qualities of the soul. Sattva, Rajas ...
Search found 10 books and stories containing Samsthana or Saṃsthāna. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Tattva 4: Pāpa (sin) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Tattva 3: Puṇya (merit) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Part 15: Sermon on dharmadhyāna < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
IV. Results of the Nine Notions < [Part 1 - The nine notions according to the Abhidharma]
Eighth comparison or upamāna: A shadow (chāyā) < [Bodhisattva quality 19: the ten upamānas]
I.1. Definition of generosity (dāna) < [I. Puṇyakriyāvastu consisting of generosity]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 17 - Rāmānujācārya II alias Vādi-Haṃsa-Navāmvuda < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)