Samsthana, aka: Saṃsthāna; 7 Definition(s)


Samsthana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Samsthana in Itihasa glossaries]

Saṃsthāna (संस्थान) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃsthāna) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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[Samsthana in Purana glossaries]

Saṃsthāna (संस्थान).—A region in India mentioned in the Purāṇas. Armies from this region protected Bhīṣma during the great war. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 51).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Samsthana in Jainism glossaries]

Saṃsthāna (संस्थान, “shape”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—“Sound (śabda), union (bandha), fineness (saukṣmya), grossness (sthaulya), shape (saṃsthāna), division (bheda), darkness (tamas or andhakāra), image (chāya or chāyā), warm light (sunshine) (ātapa) and cool light (moonlight) (udyota) also (are forms of matter)”.

How many types of shape (saṃsthāna) are there? It is of two types namely that which can be defined and the other which cannot be defined.What is meant by shape that can be defined? Shapes like triangle, circular, rectangular etc which can be defined. What is meant by shapes which cannot be defined? Shapes, like those of clouds, which keep on changing and impossible to be described /defined.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Saṃsthāna (संस्थान) refers to “structure karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by structure (saṃsthāna) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes the structure of the body accomplished are called structure body-making karma.

The structure (saṃsthāna) body-making karma is of six types namely:

  1. perfectly symmetrical body (samacaturasra),
  2. the upper part symmetrical alone (nyagrodhaparimaṃdala),
  3. the lower part alone symmetrical (svāti),
  4. dwarf (vāmana),
  5. hunchbacked body (kubjaka),
  6. deformed body (huṇḍaka). 
(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Samsthana in Marathi glossaries]

saṃsthāna (संस्थान).—n (S) A royal city or town. 2 A town or place favored by the occasional manifestations of any god, by the residence there of saints and sages, of learned doctors &c.: also a town appointed for the residence and made over for the maintenance of a god, saint &c.: also a seat of the occurrence or existence of any event or being considered as demanding religious commemoration, observance, veneration &c. 3 Revenue applied to the support of such places.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃsthāna (संस्थान).—n A royal city or town.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 27 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Akṣarasaṃsthāna (अक्षरसंस्थान).—[akṣarāṇāṃ saṃsthānaṃ yatra] arrangement of letters, writing, a...
Bhārgavasaṃsthāna (भार्गवसंस्थान) refers to the “appearance of Venus” and is the name of the fi...
Strīsaṃsthāna (स्त्रीसंस्थान).—a. having a female shape; स्त्रीसंस्थानं चाप्यरस्तीर्थमारादुत्क्...
Saṃsthānavicaya (संस्थानविचय).—One of the four types of virtuous (dharmya) meditation.—What is ...
Vāmana (वामन, “dwarf”) refers to one of the six types of Saṃsthāna (structu...
Sāṃsthānika (सांस्थानिक).—A fellow-countryman.Derivable forms: sāṃsthānikaḥ (सांस्थानिकः).
Svāti (r. 37-19 BCE) is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lin...
Śabda (शब्द) refers to “words that are made of syllables” according to Pāṇini (7th century BCE)...
Nāma (नाम) refers to “nouns and pronouns” and represents one of the four classes of words accor...
Bheḍā (भेडा) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as ...
Chāyā (छाया).—A substitute of Saṃjñā, daughter of Viśvakarmā. Saṃjñā got from Sūrya three child...
Ātapa (आतप) refers to “emitting warm light” and represents one of the various kinds o...
Kubjaka (कुब्जक, “hunchbacked”) refers to one of the six types of Saṃsthāna ...
Nyagrodhaparimaṇḍala (न्यग्रोधपरिमण्डल) refers to the “upper part symmetrical alone” and r...
1) Tamas (तमस्).—A hell.2) Tamas (तमस्).—One of the three qualities of the soul. Sattva, Rajas ...

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