Samstava, Saṃstava, Saṃstāva: 8 definitions

Introduction

Samstava means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Saṃstava (संस्तव, “praise”) or Para-pāṣaṇḍi-saṃstava refers to “praise of adherents of other creeds” and represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the aticāra heading, according to various Jain authors. The distinction between the fourth (praśaṃsā) and fifth (saṃstava) aticāras seems artificial. As has been noted they both have for antonym the aṅga of amūḍha-dṛṣṭi and in fact Somadeva, in his Yaśastilaka, couples them together under the designation of anya-ślāghā or mūḍhatā. With that exception the Digambaras (for example, Cāmuṇḍarāya, in his Caritrasāra) define praśaṃsā as “praise expressed in the mind” and saṃstava as “praise expressed in words”. The Śvetāmbaras (Yogaśāstra 2.17) interpret praśaṃsā as “praise” and saṃstava as “acquaintance”. Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra v7.19), however, prefers the Digambara explanation.

For many writers these two aticāras (Para-pāṣaṇḍi-praśaṃsā and Para-pāṣaṇḍi-saṃstava) give an occasion to describe and criticize the false beliefs of other sects—180 varieties of kriya-vādins y 84 of akriya-vādins, 67 of ajñānikas, and 32 of vainayikas are listed—particularly the Buddhists and Śaivas.

The aticāras of samyaktva (eg., para-pāṣaṃḍi-saṃstava) may virtually, if the fourth and fifth of them which are closely related are merged together, be equated with the first four doṣas. Both aticāras and doṣas represent the negation of the aṅgas. Pūjyapāda holds that it is in any event unnecessary to have eight aticāras corresponding to the eight aṅgas as the fourth and fifth—para-pāṣaṇḍi-praśaṃsā and para-pāṣaṇḍi-saṃstava—are elastic and comprehensive.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Saṃstava (संस्तव, “praise”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23.—What is the difference between praise (saṃstava) and admiration (praśaṃsā)? Praise is basically expression by speech while administration is a mental process by the person for other’s attributes.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of samstava in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Saṃstava.—(CII 1), cf. dharma-saṃstava, ‘acquaintance through Dharma’. Note: saṃstava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of samstava in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃstava (संस्तव).—

1) Praise, eulogium; न वशं योषितो यान्ति न दानैर्न च संस्तवैः (na vaśaṃ yoṣito yānti na dānairna ca saṃstavaiḥ) Pt.4.89.

2) Acquaintance, intimacy, familiarity; गुणाः प्रियत्वेऽधिकृता न संस्तवः (guṇāḥ priyatve'dhikṛtā na saṃstavaḥ) Ki.4,25; नवैर्गुणैः संप्रति संस्तवस्थिरं तिरोहितं प्रेम घनागमश्रियः (navairguṇaiḥ saṃprati saṃstavasthiraṃ tirohitaṃ prema ghanāgamaśriyaḥ) 4.22; Śi.7.31.

3) Agreeing together, harmony.

Derivable forms: saṃstavaḥ (संस्तवः).

--- OR ---

Saṃstāva (संस्ताव).—

1) Praise, celebration; स्वर्गसंस्तावं ह सामेति (svargasaṃstāvaṃ ha sāmeti) Ch. Up.1.8.5.

2) Hymning in chorus.

3) The place which Brāhmaṇas repeating hymns and prayers occupy at a sacrifice; तयोरेष संस्तावो य एषोऽन्तर्हृदय आकाशः (tayoreṣa saṃstāvo ya eṣo'ntarhṛdaya ākāśaḥ) Bṛ. Up.4.2.3.

Derivable forms: saṃstāvaḥ (संस्तावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃstava (संस्तव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Acquaintance, intimacy. 2. Praise. E. sam together, ṣṭu to praise, aff. ap .

--- OR ---

Saṃstāva (संस्ताव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. The place occupied at a sacrifice by the Brahmans reciting hymns and prayers. 2. Celebrating or hymning in chorus, the repetition of the verses of the Vedas by a number of Brahmans. E. sam together, (in chorus,) ṣṭu to praise, (the gods,) ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃstava (संस्तव).—i. e. sam-stu + a, m. 1. Praise, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 60. 2. Acquaintance, [Kirātārjunīya] 4, 22, 25.

--- OR ---

Saṃstāva (संस्ताव).—i. e. sam-stu + a, m. 1. Hymning in chorus, the repetition of the verses of the Veda by a number of Brāhmaṇas. 2. The place occupied at a sacrifice by the singing Brāhmaṇas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃstava (संस्तव).—[masculine] na [neuter] (common) praise or song.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃstava (संस्तव):—[=saṃ-stava] [from saṃ-stu] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) common or simultaneous praise, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] praise, commendation (also [plural]), [Vīracarita]

3) [v.s. ...] mention, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] intimacy familiarity, acquaintance with ([instrumental case] with and without saha, or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara] (cf. asaṃsi)

5) Saṃstāva (संस्ताव):—[=saṃ-stāva] [from saṃ-stu] m. hymning or praising in chorus, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

6) [v.s. ...] the place occupied at a sacrifice by the Brāhmans reciting hymns and prayers, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] simultaneous or common praise, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of samstava in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: