Samsparsha, Saṃsparśa: 16 definitions


Samsparsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saṃsparśa can be transliterated into English as Samsparsa or Samsparsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sasparsh.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samsparsha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श) refers to the “principal of touch”, and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Śiva who is wind in the subtle form of the principal of touch (i.e., saṃsparśa). Obeisance to you, the lord of individual souls, the priest presiding over sacrifice; and Vedhas (the creator). Obeisance to you the terrible in the form of Ether with the principle of sound Obeisance to the great lord Moon, or, one accompanied by Uma; obeisance to the Active”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श) (Cf. Saṃlagna) refers to the “contact (of atoms)”, according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] To explain: a second atom that is connected with the atom considered as the first [one] must be one with this [first atom]; for if [these atoms] devoid of parts are in contact, how much [of them could] remain that might not be in contact? And [if they are thus entirely] in contact, their natures must be immersed in each other, therefore [they] can only be manifest as one [single] atom; and if [they are] in contact with yet another atom (apara-paramāṇu-saṃsparśa), the same [consequence follows]—therefore even if an infinite number of atoms were connected, they should be manifest as having the size of one [single] atom; or [rather], even this [manifestation] would not exist, because atom[s], [taken] one by one, are beyond the realm of the sense organs”.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श) (Cf. Sparśa) refers to “touching” (e.g., ‘touching one’s back’), according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If [someone] touches his back (pṛṣṭha-saṃsparśapṛṣṭhajaṃ pṛṣṭhasaṃsparśād), there is [an extraneous thing] arising from the back[, i.e. a back-bone at the depth up to the back]. If [someone touches] his belly, [there is an extraneous thing related to the belly] at the depth up to the [belly]. If [someone] touches his side, one should prognosticate that there is an extraneous thing arising from dust. The best knower of extraneous things [= the officiant] should remove that extraneous thing which exists [at a depth of] that measurement [= up to the side] [underground]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श) or “touch” is associated with Sūryavajrī, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[...] Mohavajrī in the eyes. Dveṣavajrī in the ears. Īrṣyāvajrī in the nostrils. Rāgavajrī in the mouth. Sūryavajrī in touch (saṃsparśa). Aiśvaryavajrī in the seat of all senses. The element of earth, Pātanī. The element of water, Māraṇī. The element of fire, Ākarṣaṇī. The element of wind, Padmanṛtyeśvarī. The element of Space, Padmajvālanī. Thus, the purity of the divinities in the seat of the elements”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsparsha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श).—m S Contact, mutual touching.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श).—m Contact, mutual touching.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsparsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श).—

1) Contact, touch, conjunction, mixture; ये हि संस्पर्शजा भोगा दुःखयोनय एव ते (ye hi saṃsparśajā bhogā duḥkhayonaya eva te) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 5.22.

2) Being touched or affected.

3) Perception, sense.

Derivable forms: saṃsparśaḥ (संस्पर्शः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श).—m.

(-rśaḥ) 1. Touching, contact, laying hold of. 2. Perception, sense. f.

(-rśā) A fragrant plant, commonly Chakawat. E. sam before spṛś to touch, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श).—i. e. sam-spṛś + a, m. 1. Touching, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 44; contact, [Pañcatantra] 198, 13; mixture, 250, 4. 2. Being touched, being affected, [Pañcatantra] 93, 1. 3. Perception, sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श).—[masculine] touch, contact.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श):—[=saṃ-sparśa] [from saṃ-spṛś] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) close or mutual contact, touch, conjunction, mixture, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] perception, sense, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Saṃsparśā (संस्पर्शा):—[=saṃ-sparśā] [from saṃ-sparśa > saṃ-spṛś] f. a kind of fragrant plant or perfume (= janī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श):—[saṃ-sparśa] (rśaḥ) 1. m. Touching; perception. 1. f. A fragrant plant, Chakawat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃphāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samsparsha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsparsha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃsparśa (संस्पर्श) [Also spelled sasparsh]:—(nm) contact; touch.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsparsha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃsparśa (ಸಂಸ್ಪರ್ಶ):—

1) [noun] a close contact or intimate dealings.

2) [noun] the act of contacting physically; a touching.

3) [noun] the state of being united; union.

4) [noun] knowledge derived from the sense organs.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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