Samkhyakarika, Sāṃkhyakārikā, Samkhya-karika: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samkhyakarika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samkhyakarika in Samkhya glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis (sāṃkhya)

Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका).—The Saṅkhya-kārika, considered the oldest available work of this system, says for the complete eradication of suffering there is neither an empirical, nor an ‘anuśravika’ means. ‘Anuśravika’ is what is transmitted orally from person to person, generation to generation, continuously; and that is known through Scripture, viz., the Veda.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samkhyakarika in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Feeding the World in the 21st Century

The name of an important old source regarding Sāṃkhya philosophy, by Īśvarakṛṣṇa.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Samkhyakarika (सांख्यकारिका) is the earliest extant text of the Samkhya school of Indian philosophy. Dated to the Gupta era (roughly 4th or 5th century CE), it is attributed to Ishvara Krishna (Iśvarakṛṣṇa).

In the text, the author described himself as being in the succession of the disciples from the great sage Kapila, through Āsuri and Pañcaśikha. His Sāṃkhya Kārikā consists of 72 ślokas written in the Ārya metre. The last three ślokas were probably added later.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samkhyakarika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका).—Name of a collection of 72 verses by Īśvara-Kriṣṇa.

Sāṃkhyakārikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sāṃkhya and kārikā (कारिका).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका).—[feminine] pravacana [neuter] titles of works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—72 memorial verses on the Sāṃkhya, by Īśvarakṛṣṇa. Oxf. 237^b. Paris. (B 152^a). Hall. p. 4. L. 1815. Kh. 89 (and—[commentary]). Tu7b. 20. Rādh. 16. NW. 388 (by Kṛṣṇānanda?). Oudh. Xix, 108. Np. Iii, 56. P. 23. Oppert. 5212. Ii, 6495. Peters. 1, 121. 2, 191. 3, 391. Sb. 343.
—[commentary] NW. 384. Oppert. Ii, 6496.
—[commentary] by Kulamuni. NW. 390.
—[commentary] by Kṛṣṇa (Śrīkṛṣṇa). NW. 390. Oudh. Xix, 108.
—[commentary] by Gauḍapāda. Hall. p. 5. Ben. 65. Oudh. Viii, 20.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyacandrikā or Sāṃkhyatattvacandrikā by Nārāyaṇatīrtha. [Mackenzie Collection] 143. Io. 559. 1371. 2640. Oxf. 237^b. Hall. p. 7. L. 1277. 1815. Report. Xxiv. Ben. 65. Oudh. Vii, 6. Viii, 20. Xv, 86. Np. Iii, 56.
—[commentary] by Bhavadeva. NW. 390.
—[commentary] by Mahādevāśrama. NW. 392.
—[commentary] by Māṭharācārya. B. 4, 10. Peters. 2, 191.
—[commentary] by Yogānanda. NW. 392.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyakaumudī by Rāmakṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭācārya. Hall. p. 8. L. 468.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyatattvakaumudī by Vācaspatimiśra. Io. 517. W. p. 185 ([fragmentary]). Oxf. 237^b. 238^a. Paris. (B 152^b). Hall. p. 5. Khn. 60. K. 140. B. 4, 8 (and—[commentary]). Ben. 65. 66. Tu7b. 20. Haug. 51. Pheh. 6 (and—[commentary]). Rādh. 16. NW. 394. Oudh. Iii, 18. Xiv, 70. Np. Iii, 56. Burnell. 111^b. Bh. 29. P. 13. Bhr. 218. 219. 654. Oppert. 552. 8332. Ii, 3880. 4610. 5046. 6275. 8105. Peters. 1, 121. 2, 191. 3, 391. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 135. Sūcīpattra. 49. Quoted in Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha Oxf. 247^a.
—[sub-commentary] Oudh. Xix, 108. Oppert. Ii, 4611.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvacandra by Nārāyaṇatīrtha. Hall. p. 6.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvārṇava or Tattvāmṛtaprakāśinī by Rāghavānanda Sarasvatī. Hall. p. 6. K. 140. B. 4, 8. Ben. 66. NW. 392. 394. Np. Iii, 56 (Raghunandana). C
—[sub-commentary] by Jñānānanda. NW. 398. C
—[sub-commentary] by Rāmānandatīrtha. NW. 430 (wrongly put under yoga).
—[sub-commentary] by Bhāratīyati, pupil of Bodhāraṇyayati. Hall. p. 5. L. 2820. Oudh. V, 22. Viii, 20 (Baudhabhāratī). Ix, 14. Burnell. 111^b.
—[sub-commentary] Sāṃkhyatattvavilāsa or Sāṃkhyavṛtti or Sāṃkhyārthasaṃkhyāyika by Raghunātha Tarkavāgīśa Bhaṭṭācārya. Hall. p. 6. NW. 384. (Ms. of 1448). Sūcīpattra. 49.
—[sub-commentary] Sāṃkhyatattvavibhākara by Vaṃśīdhara. W. p. 186.
—[sub-commentary] Sāṃkhyatattvakaumudīprabhā by Svapneśvara. Hall. p. 6. NW. 39{??}.
—[commentary] by Vijñānabhikṣu. L. 1278. Bik. 536.

Sāṃkhyakārikā has the following synonyms: Sāṃkhyasaptati.

2) Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका):—by Īśvarakṛṣṇa. Fl. 237. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 105. Peters. 4, 23. Stein 131.
—[commentary] by Gauḍapāda. Io. 1256.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyacandrikā by Nārāyaṇatīrtha. Stein 131.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyakaumudī by Rāmakṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭācārya. Io. 1303.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyatattvakaumudī by Vācaspatimiśra. Bl. 166. Cu. add. 1033. Fl. 237. Io. 517. 760. 1128. 1521. 2005. Oudh. Xx, 196. Peters. 4, 23. Rgb. 568. Stein 131. Quoted by Vardhamāna on Kusumāñjali 1, 13.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvāmṛtaprakāśinī by Rāghavānanda Sarasvatī. Io. 3032. Peters. 4, 23.
—[sub-commentary] by Bhāratīyati. Stein 131.

3) Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका):—by Īśvarakṛṣṇa. Ulwar 746.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyacandrikā by Nārāyaṇatīrtha. Ulwar 748.
—[commentary] Sāṃkhyatattvakaumudī by Vācaspatimiśra. Ulwar 747.
—[sub-commentary] by Bhāratīyati. Ulwar 750.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvāmṛtaprakāśinī by Rāghavānanda Sarasvatī. Ulwar 749.

4) Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका):—by Īśvarakṛṣṇa. Ak 731. As p. 218. Bd. 616. Cs 3, 3. 9. 11. 13. 16. Il. L.. 909 (inc.). Peters. 5, 300. Whish 103, 1. 147, 1. C. by Gauḍapāda. As p. 218. Cs 3, 11. C. Sāṃkhyacandrikā by Nārāyaṇatīrtha. As p. 219. Cs 3, 3. 4. Tb. 72. C. Sāṃkhyatattvakaumudī by Vācaspatimiśra. As p. 219. Ashburner 1. Cs 3, 6-10. Jl. L.. 909. 910 ([fragmentary]). Tb. 70. Whish 103, 3. 147, 3. Cc. by Bodhabhāratī. As p. 219 (Paribhāṣā only). Whish 103, 4. Cc. Sāṃkhyatattvavicāra by Raghunātha, son of Śivarāma. Cs 3, 12. Cc. Tattvāmṛtaprakāśinī by Rāghavānanda Sarasvatī. Rep. p. 13. Tb. 71. C. Jayamaṅgalā by Śaṅkarācārya. Whish 147, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका):—[=sāṃkhya-kārikā] [from sāṃkhya] f. Name of a collection of 72 memorial verses or stanzas by Īśvara-kṛṣṇa (also called sāṃkhyasaptati; the oldest extant systematic exposition of the S° system; cf. above)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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