Samstha, Saṃsthā, Samsthā, Shamstha: 9 definitions

Introduction

Samstha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: bhagavadgita.eu: Bhagavadgita

saṃsthā – shape, property, nature, death (Bg. 6.15)

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Saṃsthā.—(HRS), king's dues derived from the market- place, as suggested by the Arthaśāstra. Note: saṃsthā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃstha (संस्थ).—a S That stays, stops, abides, resides, inheres, in, at, or with. In comp. as jalasaṃstha An inhabitant of water; vṛkṣasaṃstha A dweller in trees; svargasaṃstha, narakasaṃstha, pātālasaṃstha. 2 That stops, ends, or terminates at or in. In comp. as dakṣiṇa- saṃstha, prāksaṃstha, udaksaṃstha.

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saṃsthā (संस्था).—f S Comfortableness of condition and circumstances; happy or easy state of life. 2 Stop, termination, cessation, conclusion, end. 3 Stopping, stay, tarrying. 4 Continuance in the right way; perseverance in rectitude.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃstha (संस्थ).—a That stays, inheres in, at, or with. That terminates at. In comp.

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saṃsthā (संस्था).—f Happy state of life. Stop. Con- tinuance in the right way. An institution.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃsthā (संस्था).—1 Ā.

1) To dwell or live in, stand close together; तीक्ष्णादुद्विजते मृदौ परिभवत्रासान्न संतिष्ठते (tīkṣṇādudvijate mṛdau paribhavatrāsānna saṃtiṣṭhate) Mu.3.5.

2) To stand on.

3) To be, exist, live.

4) To abide by, obey, act up to; दारिद्र्यात् पुरुषस्य बान्धवजनो वाक्ये न संतिष्ठते (dāridryāt puruṣasya bāndhavajano vākye na saṃtiṣṭhate) Mk. 1.36.

5) To be completed; सद्यः संतिष्ठते यज्ञस्तथाशौचमिति स्थितिः (sadyaḥ saṃtiṣṭhate yajñastathāśaucamiti sthitiḥ) Ms.5.98 (= yajñapuṣyena yujyate Kull.).

6) To come to an end, be interrupted; न तत् संस्थास्यते कार्यं दक्षेणोरीकृतं त्वया (na tat saṃsthāsyate kāryaṃ dakṣeṇorīkṛtaṃ tvayā) Bk.8.11.

7) To stand still, come to a stand (Paras.); क्षणं न संतिष्ठति जीवलोकः क्षयोदयाभ्यां परिवर्तमानः (kṣaṇaṃ na saṃtiṣṭhati jīvalokaḥ kṣayodayābhyāṃ parivartamānaḥ) Hariv.

7) To die, perish.

8) To agree, conform to.

9) To stand firmly.

1) To prosper, succeed. -Caus.

1) To establish, settle.

2) To place.

3) To compose, collect (oneself).

4) To subject, keep under control; विषयेषु च सज्जन्त्यः संस्थाप्या आत्मनो वशे (viṣayeṣu ca sajjantyaḥ saṃsthāpyā ātmano vaśe) (striyaḥ) Ms.9.2.

5) To stop, restrain.

5) To kill.

7) To build (a town).

8) To restore.

9) To heap, store up.

1) To cremate.

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Saṃstha (संस्थ).—a.

1) Staying, abiding, lasting.

2) Dwelling, being, existing, situated (at the end of comp.); जवेना- त्मनि संस्थेन सोऽसौ पूर्ण इवार्णवः (javenā- tmani saṃsthena so'sau pūrṇa ivārṇavaḥ) Rām.7.36.27; शिष्टा क्रिया कस्यचिदात्मसंस्था (śiṣṭā kriyā kasyacidātmasaṃsthā) M.1.16; Ku.6.6; निसर्गभिन्नास्पदमेकसंस्थम् (nisargabhinnāspadamekasaṃstham) R.6.29; Māl.5.16.

3) Tame, domesticated.

4) Fixed, stationary.

5) Ended, perished, dead.

6) Come to an end, completed.

7) Manifested (vyakta).

-sthaḥ 1 A dweller, an inhabitant.

2) A neighbour, countryman.

3) A spy.

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Saṃsthā (संस्था).—1 An assemblage, assembly.

2) Situation, state or condition of being; सुखं पृष्ट्वा प्रतिवेद्यात्मसंस्थाम् (sukhaṃ pṛṣṭvā prativedyātmasaṃsthām) Mb. 5.38.2; विशुद्धविज्ञानधनं स्वसंस्थया (viśuddhavijñānadhanaṃ svasaṃsthayā) Bhāg.1.37.22.

3) Form, nature; तेषां संस्थां प्रमाणं च भूलोकस्य च वर्णय (teṣāṃ saṃsthāṃ pramāṇaṃ ca bhūlokasya ca varṇaya) Bhāg.3.7.27; पीडितो दुहितृशुल्कसंस्थया (pīḍito duhitṛśulkasaṃsthayā) R.11.38.

4) Occupation, business, settled mode of life; लोकस्य संस्था न भवेत् सर्वं च व्याकुली- भवेत् (lokasya saṃsthā na bhavet sarvaṃ ca vyākulī- bhavet) Mb.12.56.6; Bhāg.1.44.48; प्रथक्संस्थाश्च निर्ममे (prathaksaṃsthāśca nirmame) Ms.1.21.

5) Correct or proper conduct.

6) End, completion; संस्था हि क्रियां प्रति औदासीन्यं, व्यापारान्तरकरणं वा पूर्वस्मात् कर्मणः (saṃsthā hi kriyāṃ prati audāsīnyaṃ, vyāpārāntarakaraṇaṃ vā pūrvasmāt karmaṇaḥ) ŚB. on MS.1.6.3.

7) Stop, stay.

8) Loss, destruction.

9) Destruction of the world.

1) Resemblance.

11) A royal decree or ordinance.

12) A form of Soma sacrifice; सोमस्तु रेतः सवनान्यवस्थितिः संस्था- विभेदास्तव देव धातवः (somastu retaḥ savanānyavasthitiḥ saṃsthā- vibhedāstava deva dhātavaḥ) Bhāg.3.13.38.

13) Death, dying; फलसंस्था भविष्यामि कृत्वा कर्म सुदुष्करम् (phalasaṃsthā bhaviṣyāmi kṛtvā karma suduṣkaram) Mb.3.159.13; संस्थां च पाण्डुपुत्राणां वक्ष्ये कृष्णकथोदयम् (saṃsthāṃ ca pāṇḍuputrāṇāṃ vakṣye kṛṣṇakathodayam) Bhāg.1.7.12.

14) Manifestation, appearance.

15) Obligation or agreement (samaya); कृतां संस्थामतिक्रान्ता भयात् प्रायमुपासिताः (kṛtāṃ saṃsthāmatikrāntā bhayāt prāyamupāsitāḥ) Rām.4.57.18.

16) Cremation.

17) A spy.

18) Resembling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṃstha (शंस्थ).—mfn.

(-sthaḥ-sthā-sthaṃ) Happy, prosperous, well-faring. E. śaṃ happily, sthā to stay or be, aff. ka .

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Saṃstha (संस्थ).—mfn.

(-sthaḥ-sthā-sthaṃ) 1. Staying, stopping, fixed, stationary. 2. Staying with, associated, domesticated. m.

(-sthaḥ) 1. A spy, a secret emissary. 2. A countryman, a neighbour, a person of the same country, &c. 3. A dweller, an inhabitant. f.

(-sthā) 1. Continuance in the right way, correct conduct. 2. State or condition of being, time of life, &c. 3. Occupation, business, profession. 4. Stop, stay. 5. End, completion. 6. Manifestation, appearance. 7. Resemblance, likeness. 8. A sort of sacrifice. 9. Loss, destruction. 10. Death, dying. 11. Form. 12. An assembly. 13. A royal ordinance. E. sam implying completeness, association, &c., and ṣṭhā to stay, affs. ka or aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃstha (संस्थ).—A. i. e. sam-stha, I. adj. 1. Standing, being, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 231 (maṇdala-, in the dise, viz. of the sun); ii. [distich] 157. 2. Staying with, associated. 3. Stationary, fixed. 4. Living, [Pañcatantra] 94, 2; iii. [distich] 226. 5. Lasting, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 42, 15. Ii. m. 1. An inhabitant. 2. A countryman. 3. A spy. B. i. e. sam -sthā, f. 1. An assembly. 2. Condition of being, situation, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 20, 38. 3. Appearance. 4. Form. 5. Occupation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 21. 6. Continuance in the right way, correct conduct. 7. A sort of sacrifice. 8. Stay, step. 9. A royal ordinance. 10. End. 11. Death. 12. Destruction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṃstha (शंस्थ):—[=śaṃ-stha] [from śaṃ > śam] mfn. being in prosperity, happy, prosperous, [Pāṇini 3-2, 77 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Śaṃsthā (शंस्था):—[=śaṃ-sthā] [from śaṃ > śam] mfn. being in prosperity, happy, prosperous, [Pāṇini 3-2, 77 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Saṃsthā (संस्था):—[=saṃ-√sthā] a [Ātmanepada] -tiṣṭhate ([Pāṇini 1-3, 22]; [Epic] and mc. also [Parasmaipada] -tiṣṭhati; [Vedic or Veda] [infinitive mood] -sthātos, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]),

—to stand together, hold together ([perfect tense] p. [dual number] -tasthāne, said of heaven and earth), [Ṛg-veda];

—to come or stay near ([locative case]), [ib.; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to meet (as enemies), come into conflict, [Ṛg-veda];

—to stand still, remain, stay, abide ([literally] and [figuratively]; with vākye, ‘to obey’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.;

—to be accomplished or completed ([especially] applied to rites), [Brāhmaṇa; ???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to prosper, succeed, get on well, [Mahābhārata];

—to come to an end, perish, be lost, die, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to become, be turned into or assume the form of ([accusative]), [Lalita-vistara] : [Causal] -sthāpayati ([subjunctive] [Aorist] tiṣṭipaḥ, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]),

—to cause to stand up or firm, raise on their legs again (fallen horses), [Mahābhārata];

—to raise up, restore (dethroned kings), [ib.];

—to confirm, encourage, comfort (ātmānam, or hṛdayam, ‘one’s self’ id est. ‘take heart again’), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra];

—to fix or place upon or in ([locative case]), [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to put or add to (uparī), [Yājñavalkya];

—to build (a town), [Harivaṃśa];

—to heap, store up (goods), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā];

—to found, establish, fix, settle, introduce, set a foot, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī];

—to cause to stand still, stop, restrain, suppress (breath, semen etc.), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa];

—to accomplish, conclude, complete ([especially] a rite), [Brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata];

—to put to death, kill, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata];

—to perform the last office for id est. to burn, cremate (a dead body), [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa];

—to put to subjection, subject, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] :

—[Desiderative] of [Causal] -sthāpayiṣati, to wish to finish or conclude, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa]

4) Saṃstha (संस्थ):—[=saṃ-stha] [from saṃ-sthā] mf(ā)n. standing together, standing or staying or resting or being in or on, contained in ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] being in or with, belonging to ([locative case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] based or resting or dependent on ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] partaking or possessed of ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra]

8) [v.s. ...] existing, lasting for a time ([compound]), [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

9) [v.s. ...] ended, perished, dead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. presence (only [locative case] ‘in the presence or midst of.’ with cid, ‘by one’s mere presence’), [Ṛg-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] a spy, secret emissary (cf. saṃsthā below), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a dweller, resident, inhabitant, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] a fellow-countryman, neighbour, [ib.]

14) Saṃsthā (संस्था):—[=saṃ-sthā] [from saṃ-stha] b f. See next.

15) [v.s. ...] c f. (ifc. f(ā). ) staying or abiding with ([compound]), [Mahābhārata]

16) [v.s. ...] shape, form, manifestation, appearance (ifc. ‘appearing as’), [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

17) [v.s. ...] established order, standard, rule, direction ([accusative] with √kṛ or [Causal] of √sthā, ‘to establish or fix a rule or obligation for one’s self’; with vyati-√kram or pari√bhid, ‘to transgress or break an established rule or obligation’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

18) [v.s. ...] quality, property, nature, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] conclusion, termination, completion, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

20) [v.s. ...] end, death, [Purāṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] destruction of the world (= pralaya, said to be of four kinds, viz. naimittika, prākṛtika, nitya, ātyantika), [ib.]

22) [v.s. ...] a complete liturgical course, the basis or essential form of a sacrifice (the Jyotiḥ-ṣṭoma, Havir-yajña, and Pāka-yajña consist of seven such forms), [???]

23) [v.s. ...] killing (paśu-s, ‘killing of the sacrificial animal’), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

24) [v.s. ...] cremation (of a body; also preta-s), [ib.]

25) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) = śrāddha, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

26) [v.s. ...] a spy or secret emissary in a king’s own country (= cara m. [probably] a group of five spies consisting of a vaṇij ‘, merchant’, bhikṣu, ‘mendicant’, chāttra, ‘pupil’, lingin, ‘one who falsely wears the mark of a twice-born’, and kṛṣīvala, ‘husbandman’ cf. pañca-varga, and, [Manu-smṛti vii, 154; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

27) [v.s. ...] continuation in the right way, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] occupation, business, profession, [Horace H. Wilson]

29) [v.s. ...] an assembly, [ib.]

30) [v.s. ...] a royal ordinance, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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