Purahsara, Puraḥsara, Puras-sara: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Purahsara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purahsara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर).—a. going or moving in front. (-raḥ) 1 a forerunner, harbinger; आविष्कृतोऽरुणपुरःसर एकतोऽर्कः (āviṣkṛto'ruṇapuraḥsara ekato'rkaḥ) Ś.4.2.

2) a follower, attendant; servant; ऊचुर्निषेधितास्तांस्ते वैवस्वतपुरःसराः (ūcurniṣedhitāstāṃste vaivasvatapuraḥsarāḥ) Bhāg.6.1.32; परिमेयपुरःसरौ (parimeyapuraḥsarau) R.1.37.

3) a leader, one who leads the way, foremost, pre-eminent; गगनादवतीर्णा सा यथावृद्धपुरःसरा (gaganādavatīrṇā sā yathāvṛddhapuraḥsarā) Ku.6.49.

4) (at the end of comp.) attended or preceded by, with; as मानपुरः- सरम्, प्रणामपुरःसरम्, वृकपुरःसराः (mānapuraḥ- saram, praṇāmapuraḥsaram, vṛkapuraḥsarāḥ) &c.

-ram ind. with or after.

Derivable forms: puraḥsaraḥ (पुरःसरः).

Puraḥsara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms puras and sara (सर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) One who goes first or before. m.

(-raḥ) A leader, a preceder. Adv. n.

(-raṃ) By or with, i. e. preceded by, attended with, as kopapuraḥsara with rage. E. puras before, sara who goes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर).—i. e. puras-sṛ + a, adj., f. , and sbst. 1. One who goes first or before, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 27; a leader, a preceder, Mahābhārata 4, 630; [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 77. 2. When latter part of a comp. adj. the fem. ends in , Preceded by, attended with, with; e. g. priya-ākhyāna-, adj. Preceded by agreeable news, i. e. with agreeable news, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 10, 31 Gorr. 3. ram, adv. Preceded by, with; e. g. praṇipāta-puraḥsaram, With a prostration, Mārk. P. 77, 30 (laying herself at his feet); after, [Pañcatantra] 16, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर).—[feminine] ī going before, preceding. [masculine] forerunner, attendant, servant; adj. preceded or accompanied by, connected with, [neuter] [adverb] with, after (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puraḥsara (पुरःसर):—[=puraḥ-sara] [from puraḥ > pur] mf(ī)n. going before or in advance

2) [v.s. ...] m. a forerunner, precursor, harbinger, attendant, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] ifc. (f(ā). ) attended or preceded by, connected with, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर):—[puraḥ-sara] (raḥ) 1. m. A leader. adv. (raṃ) With, preceded by.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर):—(puras + sara) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 18.] adj. subst. (f. ī; am Ende eines adj. comp. ā) vorangehend, Vorgänger [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 47.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 40.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 498.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 2, 11.] brahmakārya [Mahābhārata 1, 6647.] [Suśruta 2, 428, 12.] aruṇastatra bhāskarasya puraḥsaraḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 1469. 7, 8458.] [Śākuntala 77.] yasyāḥ puraḥsarā āsanpṛṣṭhataścānugāminaḥ [Mahābhārata 4, 630.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 26, 17. 4, 38, 35.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 323.] [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 69.] prakṛtipuraḥsareṇa puṣpakeṇa 79. iti saṃśrutya gaccheyurgṛhaṃ bālapuraḥsarāḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 12.] (muniparaṃparā) yathāvṛddhapuraḥsarā [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 49.] mā bhūdāśramapīḍeti parimeyapuraḥsarau . anubhāvaviśeṣāttu senāparivṛtāviva .. so v. a. Begleiter [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 37.] Vorläufer, Bez. eines Dieners [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 15, 2, 1. fgg.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) zum Begleiter habend, begleitet von, verbunden mit, versehen mit: nivasāmi dhaumyapuraḥsarā [Mahābhārata 3, 577.] (purupān) svapuraṃ preṣayāmāsa priyākhyānapuraḥsarān mit der angenehmen Nachricht [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 10, 29 (31 Gorresio).] (vāk) puṣpavṛṣṭipuraḥsarā [3, 4, 15.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 117. 46, 96.] devadundubhirvarāpsaronṛttapuraḥsaraḥ [50, 207.] vīṇāpuraḥsaraṃ gānam Cit. beim Schol. zu [Śākuntala 98.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 10, 3.] [Suśruta 2, 372, 8.] gurau ca śraddhābhaktipuraḥsarāḥ [Scholiast] zu [Muṇḍakopaniṣad] bei [Frid 91] (vgl. [Bibl. Ind. S. 261]). puraḥsaram adv. mit, unter: tataḥ kathākrameṇaiva vācā sakhyamabadhyata . tābhyāmubhābhyāmanyo nyaṃ hastagrahapuraḥsaram .. [Kathāsaritsāgara 28, 110.] mānapuraḥsaramuvāca [Pañcatantra 16, 4. 30, 20.] pitaraṃ prāha praṇipātapuraḥsaram [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 77, 30.] kāmyaniṣiddhavarjana [Vedānta lecture No. 6. 108.]

--- OR ---

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर):—[Sp. 783, Z. 4. fgg.] genauer an der Spitze habend, folgend auf (vgl. [SARVADARŚANAS. 99, 1. 62, 4]); begleitet von [SARVADARŚANAS. 101, 19. 154, 12.] saram adv. [78, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Puraḥsara (पुरःसर):—Adj. (f. ī) vorangehend ; m. Vorgänger , Vorläufer , Diener , Begleiter. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. (f. ā) an der Spitze habend , folgend auf , begleitet von , verbunden — , versehen mit. manaḥ so v.a. wohl überlegt (Worte) [Carakasaṃhitā 3,8.] puraḥsarm Adv. so v.a. mit unter , mittels , nach (zeitlich) [Böhtlingk’s Sanskrit-Chresthomathie 280,28.282,11.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of purahsara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: