Pur, Pūr: 12 definitions


Pur means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pur (पुर्) refers to a “town”, according to the Yogaśāstra vol. 2, p. 859, l. 5.—Accordingly, “Also Nami, knowing the difference between the self and wealth, said to Indra with regard to the burning of the town (pur-dāha), in the burning of the town (purī) of Mithilā nothing burns me”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pur (पुर्) is mentioned as a synonym for “town” or “city” according to the Amarakośa 2.2.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pur (पुर्).—6 P. (purati) To go before, precede.

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Pur (पुर्).—f. (Nom. sing. pūḥ; instr. du. pūrbhyām)

1) A town, fortified town; पूरण्यभिव्यक्तमुखप्रसादा (pūraṇyabhivyaktamukhaprasādā) R.16.23.

2) A fortress, castle, strong-hold.

3) A wall, rampart.

4) The body; पुरश्चक्रे द्विपदः पुरश्चक्रे चतुष्पदः (puraścakre dvipadaḥ puraścakre catuṣpadaḥ) Bṛ. Up.2.5.18.

5) Intellect.

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Pūr (पूर्).—I. 4 Ā (pūryate, pūrṇa)

1) To fill, fill out (allied in this sense with pass. of pṝ q. v.).

2) To please, satisfy. -II. 1 U. (pūrayati-te, pūrita; strictly the Caus. of pṝ q. v.)

1) To fill; को न याति वशं लोके मुखे पिण्डेन पूरितः (ko na yāti vaśaṃ loke mukhe piṇḍena pūritaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.118; Śiśupālavadha 9.64;16.34.

2) To blow into or fill with wind, blow (as a conchshell).

3) To cover, surround; पूरयन्तः समाजग्मुर्भयदाया दिशो दश (pūrayantaḥ samājagmurbhayadāyā diśo daśa) Bhaṭṭikāvya 7.3.

4) To fulfil, satisfy; पूरयतु कुतूहलं वत्सः (pūrayatu kutūhalaṃ vatsaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4; so आशाम्, मनो- रथम् (āśām, mano- ratham) &c.

5) To intensify, strengthen (as sound).

6) To make resonant.

7) To load or enrich with (gifts &c.).

8) To draw (as a bow).

9) To spend (time).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pur (पुर्).—f.

(-pūḥ) A city. E. pur to lead, kvip aff.

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Pur (पुर्).—[pura] r. 6th cl. (purati) To precede, to lead, to go before. tu0 para0 saka0 seṭ .

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Pūr (पूर्).—[pūra] r. 4th cl. (ī) pūrī (pūryate) 1. To satisfy. 2. To fill. 3. To be satisfied. 4. To be full. divā0 ātma0 saka0 seṭ . r. 10th cl. (pūrayati-te) 1. To satisfy. 2. To fill out. 3. To fill with wind, to blow. 4. To cover, to surround. 5. To fill with sound, to make resonant. 6. To intensify, to strengthen. cu0 ubha0 saka0 seṭ . With ā 1. To fill, to make full. 2. To blow. 3. To cover, to envelop, to entertwine. With pari To fill completely. With pra, 1. To fill. 2. To enrich, to load with riches. With sama, To fill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pur (पुर्).— (probably vb. pṛ10), f. 1. A town, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 6, 12. 2. The body, 2, 10, 28.

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Pur (पुर्).—i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] To go at the head.

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Pūr (पूर्).—see pṛ10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pur (पुर्).—1. [feminine] fullness, abundance (only pūrbhis).

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Pur (पुर्).—2. ([nominative] pūr) [feminine] stronghold, castle, (fortified) town; the body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pur (पुर्):—1. pur f. (√pṝ) only [instrumental case] [plural] pūrbhis, in abundance, abundantly, [Ṛg-veda v, 66, 4.]

2) 2. pur [class] 6. [Parasmaipada] purati, to precede, go before, lead, [Dhātupāṭha xxviii, 56] ([probably] invented to furnish an etymology for puras and purā below).

3) 3. pur f. (in [nominative case] sg. and before consonants pūr) a rampart, wall, stronghold, fortress, castle, city, town (also of demons), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) the body (considered as the stronghold of the puruṣa q.v.), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) the intellect (= mahat), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) Name of a Daśa-rātra, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] [Perhaps [from] √pṝ and [originally] identical with 1. pur; cf. [Greek], πόλις]

7) Pūr (पूर्):—[from pur] in [compound] for 3. pur before [consonant]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pur (पुर्):—(śa) purati 6. a. To precede.

2) (pūḥ) 5. f. A city.

3) Pūr (पूर्):—(ya, ī, ṅa) pūryyate 4. d. To satisfy or fill or be full. (ka) pūrayati 10. a. To satisfy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pūr (पूर्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Agghava, Agghāḍa, Pu, Purā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pur in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pur in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a town, city; large leather pot for drawing huge quantity of water out of a well; chamber, room (as [ata:pura]); (a) filled with, full of; ~[jana] townfolk; inhabitants of a city/town; ~[devata] the protecting deity of a town; ~[dvara] main gate of a city/the main entrance to a city/town; ~[nari] a prostitute, harlot; ~[vadhu] see ~[nari; ~vasi]; see ~[jana]..—pur (पुर) is alternatively transliterated as Pura.

2) Pur in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) stuffing in a sweet delicacy; spate; irrigation by drawing water from a well by a leathern bag; sufficiency, adequacy; —[dalana] to satisfy the requirements/needs; —[padana] to suffice, to be sufficient, to cause to be gratified/satisfied..—pur (पूर) is alternatively transliterated as Pūra.

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