Bijapura, Bījapūra, Bija-pura: 16 definitions


Bijapura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Bījapūra (बीजपूर) is a sanskrit technical term translating to “Iron pan”. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Bījapūra (बीजपूर) refers to the “citron” and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., bījapūra (citron)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., bakula fruit (Mimusops elengi) and siddhārthaka (mustard)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bījapūra (बीजपूर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Citrus medica Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bījapūra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Bijapura in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Bījapūra (बीजपूर) in Sanskrit (or Bīyapūra in Prakrit) refers to a “lemon, detailed account”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Tessitori Collection I (astronomy)

Bījapūra (बीजपूर) or Bījapūrataila represents an ingredient part of some kind of extraordinary recipe described in the Kautukāni (classified as literature dealing with astronomy, astrology, divination, medicine), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kautukāni contains extraordinary recipes and prescriptions phrased with the syntactic pattern ‘if this or this would be done (optative), then this or this happens’. The processes at work are grinding, heating and mixing various products. These are plants or plant-products, animal products or alchemical recipes: [e.g., bījapūra-taila] [...]

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Bījapūra (बीजपूर) or bījapūraka refers to the “citron fruit”, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “if among the offering rites you see one with ‘śāntika food,’ use svastika cakes, milk gruel, parched rice, ghee, honey, and milk dishes of barley cooked with milk, and bījapūra (citron): you will assuredly be able to eliminate calamities—of this you should have no doubts”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., bījapūra], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., bījapūra]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Mahajana: A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms

Bījapūra, or bījapūraka; (倶緣果) is described as a citron. (Monier Williams:—) A fruit held in one of the hands of Kunti Guanyin.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bijapura [ବୀପପୁର] in the Oriya language is the name of a plant identified with Citrus medica L. from the Rutaceae (Lemon) family having the following synonyms: Citrus bicolor, Citrus cedra, Citrus limetta, Citrus limetta. For the possible medicinal usage of bijapura, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Bijapura in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus medica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Sarcodactilis helicteroides Gaertn. (among others).

2) Bijapura is also identified with Punica granatum.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Plantae Wilsonianae (1914)
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1981)
· New Botanist (1981)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2009)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bijapura, for example diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bījapūra (बीजपूर).—the citron tree.

-ram, -rakam the fruit of citron. -utkṛṣṭam good seed; abīja- vikrayī caiva bījotkṛṣṭaṃ tathaiva ca Manusmṛti 9.291. -udakam hail. -uptiḥ f. sowing seed. °cakram a kind of astrological diagram for indicating good or bad luck following on the sowing of seed. -kartṛ m. an epithet of Śiva. -kṛt a. producing semen. (-n.) an aphrodisiac.

Derivable forms: bījapūraḥ (बीजपूरः).

Bījapūra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bīja and pūra (पूर). See also (synonyms): bījāḍhya, bījapūraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bījapūra (बीजपूर).—[masculine] the citron-tree; [neuter] a citron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bījapura (बीजपुर):—[=bīja-pura] [from bīja] [wrong reading] for -pūra.

2) Bījapūra (बीजपूर):—[=bīja-pūra] [from bīja] a m. ([Suśruta]) ‘seed-filled’, a citron, Citrus Medica

3) [=bīja-pūra] [from bīja-pūrṇa > bīja] b n. a citron, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bījapūra (बीजपूर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bijjaura.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bijapura in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bījapūra (ಬೀಜಪೂರ):—[noun] any of the citrus fruits; a citrus fruit.

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Bījāpūra (ಬೀಜಾಪೂರ):—[noun] = ಬೀಜಪೂರ [bijapura].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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