Pamsana, Pāṃsana, Pamshana, Pāṃśana: 14 definitions


Pamsana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pāṃśana can be transliterated into English as Pamsana or Pamshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pāṃsana (पांसन) refers to the “most wicked persons (in the family)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Rāhu also presides over the most wicked in the family (kula-pāṃsana), over torturers, ungrateful men, thieves, persons who are untruthful, uncleanly and ungenerous; over ass-riders, duelists, persons of easily irritable temperament, infants in the womb and Cāṇḍālas. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pāṃsana (पांसन) refers to “one defiles (the entire family)”, which is mentioned as an item of wealth in order to demonstrate the wicked nature of gambling (durodara), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17.—Accordingly, “[...] better to be issueless (aputratva) than have a wicked son (kuputra) who defiles the entire family (kula-pāṃsana). It is the traditional policy to abandon one to save the family. The Brāhmaṇa took his bath, performed his daily rites and married the daughter of a Vedic scholar the same day”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Paṃsana (पंसन) [Pāṃsana?] refers to “blame” (i.e., ‘one who blames others’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, they [the twenty-four types of pratibhāna—‘eloquence’] are accomplished by means of the following twenty-four preparations (parikarma). What are the twenty-four? [...] (18) he becomes one whose eloquence is adorned like the congregations of gods since he never praises himself or blames others (para-paṃsana), and he gives away everybody’s favorite objects; (19) he becomes one who has eloquence on cutting off all doubts since he has no teacher’s secrecy concerning the dharma and teaches it according to tradition; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāṃsana (पांसन).—a. (-nā, -nī f.) (Usually at the end of comp.)

1) Disgracing, dishonouring, defiling; सदस्पती- नतिक्रम्य गोपालः कुलपांसनः (sadaspatī- natikramya gopālaḥ kulapāṃsanaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.74.34; पौलस्त्यकुलपांसन (paulastyakulapāṃsana) Mv.5.

2) Vitiating, spoiling.

3) Wicked, contemptible.

4) Infamous.

-nam Contempt.

See also (synonyms): pāṃśana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paṃsana (पंसन).—nt., and °nā (compare Sanskrit -pāṃsana, ifc., besmirching, disgracing, e.g. kula-p°; once pāṃsanā, see Schmidt, Nachträge; Sanskrit Gr. paṃs-, paṃś-; not in Pali; see prec. and next), speaking ill of, disparaging, degrading (by speech); almost always [compound] with para-, the [compound] often coupled with ātmotkarṣa or the like, exaltation of oneself, bragging: °na, nt., Mahāvyutpatti 2631 (syn. of nindana, °nā); Kāśyapa Parivarta 1.16; 8.6; Śikṣāsamuccaya 10.14 (margin, note 4); 67.8; °nā, f., Kāśyapa Parivarta 8.16; 135.7; Bodhisattvabhūmi 158.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṃśana (पांशन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-nī-naṃ) 1. Vitiating, spoiling. 2. Wicked. f. ( or nī; generally used at the end of a compound.) 1. Disgraceful, dishonouring, as in kulapāṃśana.

Pāṃśana can also be spelled as Pāṃsana (पांसन).

--- OR ---

Pāṃsana (पांसन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Contemptible, wicked, bad, infamous. 2. Vitiating, spoiling, destructive. E. pasi to destroy, &c. aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṃsana (पांसन).—latter part of comp. adj., f. (and ), Disgracing, [Hiḍimbavadha] 1, 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṃsana (पांसन).—[feminine] ī defiling, disgracing (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṃsana (पंसन):—saka, sana, [probably] [wrong reading] for pāṃsaka, sana.

2) Pāṃsana (पांसन):—[from pāṃsaka] mf(ī)n. defiling, vitiating, disgracing, spoiling (ifc.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (f(ā). , only in [vocative case] sane [perhaps [wrong reading] for sani] at the end of a Śloka)

3) [v.s. ...] contemptible, wicked, bad, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] nf. contempt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṃsana (पांसन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Contemptible.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāṃsana (पांसन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paṃsaṇa, Phaṃsaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pamsana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Paṃsaṇa (पंसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pāṃsana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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