Pallava, Pallavā, Pāllavā: 24 definitions

Introduction

Pallava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pallava (पल्लव) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘dance hands’ (nṛttahasta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Pallava is one of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-seven combined Hands).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Pallava (पल्लव).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);—(Instructions): The two Patāka hands joined at the wrist. The Dance-hands are to be used in forming Karaṇas.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Pallavā (पल्लवा).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pallava (पल्लव).—A southern tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 40; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 47.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pallava (पल्लव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.66) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pallava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pallava in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Pallava (पल्लव) refers to 1) a “story” or “narrative”, 2) a “leaf”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 10.83.—In the latter case, the word may very well mean “red lac paint”. Jinarāja says “pāṇiyugmamapi saha pallavena alaktakarāgeṇa vartane”. This meaning is mentioned by Nārāyaṇa also.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Pallava (पल्लव) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—This name denotes a dynasty which was ruled over the southern India from the fifth to ninth century A.D. with the capital of Kāñchi. The country surrounding Kāñci very probably was known as the Pallava country after its rulers. Because Rājaśekhara mentioned Kāñchi as a separate country in the southern India.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Pallava (पल्लव) refers to a “young leaf” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Pallava] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Pallava (पल्लव) or Pallavahasta refers to “tendril” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., pallava-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.55, 73.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Pallava (पल्लव) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated ahead of Māhiṣmatī according to Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17). Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Source: Early Chola Temples: Sculpture: stone

The Pallavas should be considered as a power who enriched that tradition by incorporating foreign influences from other equally vital centres of Dravidian art at Amaravati, Nagarjunakonda, Badami and Vengi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pallava.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: pallava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (history)

Pallava dynasty.—The Pallavas ruled Kanchi in the 4th century AD and it was during the period of Mahendravarman I (AD 600630), the son of Simha Visnu, that importance was given to the arts. The attitude of the artists towards their task of converting rock into the representation of an event is most obvious in the masterworks of the Pallava period. Being struck by the beauty of the Pallava temples at Kanchi, Vikramaditya I induced some of the sculptors and architects of the Pallava realm to come to his kingdom.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pallava in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pallava : (m.) a young leaf; sprout; name a country.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pallava, (nt.) (cp. Class Sk. pallaka) a sprout J. I, 250; II, 161. See also phallava. (Page 442)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pallava (पल्लव).—m (S) Sprouting or shooting. v phuṭa, lāga, yē, esp. in pl. 2 The extremity of a branch bearing new leaves; a spring of luxuriant foliage: also a tuft of foliage; a cluster of shoots or sprouts. 3 fig. An addition in narrating a circumstance, an embellishment. 4 An end of a piece of cloth. Ex. pallavīṃ bāndhavēla vāyu kaisā ||. 5 An appendage or additament, a skirt, tail, wing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pallava (पल्लव).—m Sprouting or shooting. A sprig of luxuriant foliage fig. An embellish- ment. An end of a piece of cloth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pallava (पल्लव).—1 A sprout, sprig, twig, करपल्लवः (karapallavaḥ); लतेव संनद्धमनोज्ञपल्लवा (lateva saṃnaddhamanojñapallavā) R.3.7; Ku.3.54.

2) A bud, blossom.

3) Expansion, spreading, dilating.

4) The red dye called Alakta, q. v. पाणियुग्ममपि सह पल्लवेन अलक्तरागेण वर्तते (pāṇiyugmamapi saha pallavena alaktarāgeṇa vartate); cf. Jinarāja com. on N.1.83.

5) Strength, power.

6) A blade or grass.

7) A bracelet, an armlet.

8) Love, amorous sport.

9) The end of a robe or garment; क्षौममाकुलकरा विचकर्ष क्रान्तपल्लवमभीष्टतमेन (kṣaumamākulakarā vicakarṣa krāntapallavamabhīṣṭatamena) Śi.1.83.

1) Unsteadiness (cāpalam).

11) A story, narrative; सपल्लवं व्यासपराशराभ्यां (sapallavaṃ vyāsaparāśarābhyāṃ)... यद् ववृते पुराणम् (yad vavṛte purāṇam) N.1.83.

-vaḥ A libertine; Viś. Guṇa.425.

Derivable forms: pallavaḥ (पल्लवः), pallavam (पल्लवम्).

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Pāllavā (पाल्लवा).—A game with twigs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pallava (पल्लव).—mn.

(-vaḥ-vaṃ) 1. A sprout, a shoot, the extremity of a branch bearing new leaves. 2. A branch. 3. Spreading, expansion. 4. A wood. 5. The red dye of lac or Alakta. 6. Love, the sentiment or passion. 7. A catamite. 8. A bracelet. 9. Unsteadiness, moral or physical. E. pad the foot, to cut or break, ap aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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