Caitanya; 7 Definition(s)


Caitanya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaitanya.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Caitanya (चैतन्य) was the last of the Vaiṣṇava reformers who had succeeded Nimbārka and Vallabha. As a matter of fact, he was a junior contemporary of Vallabha. So far as he is known to us, he did not leave behind any work treating of his own philosophy, and all that we can know of it is from the writings of his contemporary and later admirers and biographers.

There lived in Navadvīpa Jagannātha Miśra and his wife Śacī. On a full-moon day in Spring (the month of Phālguna), when there was an eclipse of the moon, in śaka 1407 (a.d. 1485), Caitanya was born to them. Caitanya’s first wife, Lakṣmī Devī, daughter of Vallabha Miśra, died of snake-bite; he then married Viṣṇupriyā.

Caitanya wrote practically nothing, his instructions were few and we have no authentic record of the sort of discussions that he is said to have held. He gave but little instruction, his preaching practically consisted in the demonstration of his own mystic faith and love for Kṛṣṇa; yet the influence that he exerted on his contemporaries and also during some centuries after his death was enormous. Sanskrit and Bengali literature during this time received a new impetus, and Bengal became in a sense saturated with devotional lyrics.

Source: A History of Indian Philosophy (vaishnavism)

Caitanya (चैतन्य).—Caitanya means “spiritual force”. All of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s activities were carried out on the platform of spiritual understanding; therefore only those who are on the spiritual platform are able to understand the activities of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Caitanya in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Sanskrit for "pure consciousness".

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Caitanya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

caitanya (चैतन्य).—n (S) Life, spirit, essential motivity or activity; the Deity considered as the Source of life or the Essence of all being. 2 Intelligence, sentience, percipience.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caitanya (चैतन्य).—n Life, spirit. Intelligence, sen- tience.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caitanya in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Caitanya (चैतन्य).—[cetanasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Spirit, life, intelligence, vitality, sensation.

2) Soul, spirit, mind; U.1.36.

3) Consciousness, feeling, sensation, sense; U.1.48.

4) (In Vedānta phil.) The Supreme Spirit considered as the essence of all being and source of all sensation.

Derivable forms: caitanyam (चैतन्यम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caitanya (चैतन्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. Soul, spirit, the deity considered as the essence of all being. 2. Sense, consciousness. m.

(-nyaḥ) A modern reformer of the Vaishnava faith, considered in Bengal as an Avatara of Krish- Na. E. cetana intellect, and ṣyañ aff. cetanaḥ eva cetanasya bhāvaḥ vā—ṣyañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 97 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bhūtacaitanya (भूतचैतन्य).—intellectuality of matter. Derivable forms: bhūtacaitanyam (भूतचैतन्...
Caitanyabhairavī (चैतन्यभैरवी).—f. Name of a Rāgiṇī. Caitanyabhairavī is a Sanskrit compound co...
Caitanyanya (चैतन्यन्य).—Name of a modern reformer of the Vaiṣṇava faith.Derivable forms: caita...
Śuddhacaitanya (शुद्धचैतन्य).—pure intelligence. Derivable forms: śuddhacaitanyam (शुद्धचैतन्यम...
Mantra-caitanya is the élan vita of Mantra Sādhanā. It is an esoteric principles for unifyin...
Caitanyasahasranāma (चैतन्यसहस्रनाम) is the name of a work ascribed to Rūpagosvāmin (C. 1470-15...
Caitanyāṣṭaka (चैतन्याष्टक) is the name of a work ascribed to Rūpagosvāmin (C. 1470-1583 C.E.):...
Caitanyacandrāṣṭaka (चैतन्यचन्द्राष्टक) is the name of a work ascribed to Rūpagosvāmin (C. 1470...
Sītā (सीता)is the wife of Śrī Rāma; as Śrī Rāma is an incarnation of Viṣṇu, Sītā is also a form...
Vaiṣṇava (वैष्णव) refers to a system of worship that was once commonly practised in ancient Kas...
Kāla (काल) refers to the God of “death and time” and is stationed at Kālātīta, as defined in th...
Dhṛti (धृति).—m. (-tiḥ) Sacrifice, offering, religious rite or ceremony. f. (-tiḥ) 1. Holding, ...
Tapasya (तपस्य).—m. (-syaḥ) 1. The month Phalguna, (February-March) 2. A name of Arjuna. f. (-s...
Gokarṇa (गोकर्ण) lit. ‘cow’s ear’ is the name of a sacred place mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māh...
Tīrtha (तीर्थ).—mn. (-rthaḥ-rthaṃ) 1. Sacred science, or any of the branches of knowlege esteem...

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