Pancaka, Pañcaka, Pamcaka: 23 definitions


Pancaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchaka.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—One of the two soldiers presented to Subrahmaṇya by Indra for the battle between the devas and asuras. The other was named Utkrośa. (Śloka 35, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—A royal line established by Viśvasphāṇi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 378.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pancaka in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pañcaka (पञ्चक) or Pañcakādri is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Diṇḍimālin: a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48.  Accordingly: “... then four more great warriors, armed with bows, sent by Śrutaśarman, surrounded Prabhāsa:... the second Diṇḍimālin, whose home was the hill of Pañcaka”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pañcaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pañcaka (पञ्चक) is another name for Pañcapraṇava, which refers to the “five Praṇavas”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The five together can also be treated as a single unit called ‘pañcapraṇava’—‘the (one called) Five Praṇavas’, ‘pañcārṇa’—‘the (one called) Five Letters’ or simply ‘pañcaka’—‘the Group of Five’. As such the five together are sometimes treated as a single mantra in its own right called ‘pañcākṣarī-vidyā’—‘the Vidyā of Five Syllables’. They may also be called ‘the Five Letters’ (pañcavarṇapañcārṇā pañcavarṇāḥ pañcapraṇavās te).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Pañcaka (पञ्चक) [=Pañca?] refers to “five (elements)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.131:—“[...] For the former [i.e., Ṣaḍdhātusamīkṣā] acknowledge that ordinary human practice is accounted for if this much [is admitted]: the five elements (bhūta-pañcaka) and consciousness, because such other [things as] the sense organs are included in these; whereas the latter admit that the ordinary human practice [consisting in the relationship between] an apprehending [subject] and an apprehended [object] is accounted for if a particular transformation called ‘consciousness’ arises in the four elements from [some of their] various combinations, and if this transformation does not arise [from other combinations of the four elements]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Pancaka in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Pañcaka (पञ्चक) refers to “five days” (of training hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “Now we will treat of how to inspire the hawks with confidence. An expert will close the eyes by sewing (t.e., seeling) them so that the hawk may not see his face for five days (divasa-pañcaka), nor should it hear the trainer’s voice during this period. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Pandaka and Pancika.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāñcaka.—(CII 3), a committee. See pañca-maṇḍalī and pañcakula. Note: pāñcaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pañcaka.—(CII 4), same as Pañcāyat. Note: pañcaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pañcaka : (nt.) a pentad; a group of five.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pañcaka, (adj.) (fr. pañca) fivefold, consisting of five J. I, 116 (°kammaṭṭhāna); Dhs. chapters 167—175 (°naya fivefold system of jhāna, cp. Dhs. translation 52); SnA 318 (°nipāta of Aṅguttara).—nt. pañcakaṃ a pentad, five Vin. I, 255 (the 5 parts of the kaṭhina robe, see Vin. Texts II. 155), cp. p. 287; pl. pañcakā sets of five Vism. 242. The 32 ākāras or constituents of the human body are divided into 4 pañcaka’s (i.e. sets of 5 more closely related parts), viz. taca° “skin-pentad, ” the 5 dermatoid constituents: kesā, lomā, nakhā, dantā, taco; vakka° the next five, ending with the kidneys; papphāsa° id. ending with the lungs & comprising the inner organs proper; matthaluṅga° id. ending with the brain, and 2 chakka’s (sets of 6), viz. meda° & mutta°. See e.g. VbhA. 249, 258. (Page 389)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcaka (पंचक).—n (S) An aggregate of five. 2 The five Nakshatras from the latter half of Dhanishṭha to the first half of Ashwini; during which certain works are forbidden. 3 A certain number--To the number of a particular lagna add the number of the preceding lunar day, and divide the sum by 9: the remainder, if it be 1, 2, 4, 6, or 8 is a pañcaka. These have distinct names, and are all unlucky.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcaka (पंचक).—n pañcakaḍī f An aggregate of five.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—a.

1) Consisting of five.

2) Relating to five.

3) Made of five.

4) Bought with five.

5) Taking five percent.

-kaḥ, -kam 1 A collection or aggregate of five; अम्लपञ्चकम् (amlapañcakam).

2) the pentad of five नक्षत्र (nakṣatra)s beginning from धनिष्ठा (dhaniṣṭhā) and ending in रेवती (revatī).

-kam A field of battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—adj. (as in Sanskrit and Pali in this meaning), con- sisting of five, forming a group of five; regularly of the bhadravargīya (or the like, q.v.) monks; pañcakā bha- [Page315-a+ 71] dra° Lalitavistara 245.16; 246.2; 404.7, etc.; Mahāvastu ii.241.2; iii.322.20; 415.7, et alibi; without the word bhadra° but certainly or probably referring to them, as bhikṣavaḥ Jātakamālā 51.19; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 239.10; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 56.10; pañcakehi (by em.) saha tehi munīhi (same group) Mahāvastu i.72.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Five or relating to five, made of five, bought with five, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) Any collection or aggregate of five, a five. n.

(-kaṃ) A field of battle. E. pañca five, and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—i. e. pañcan + ka, I. adj. 1. Consisting of five, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 92. 2. With śata, Five in the hundred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 139. Ii. n. 1. The number five, śata-, Five hundred, [Pañcatantra] 134, 16. 2. A collection of five, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 11, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—[adjective] consisting of five, five days old, etc.; [with] śata [neuter] five per cent. —[masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] pancikā a book of 5 chapters; [neuter] aggregate of five.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcaka (पञ्चक):—[from pañca] mfn. consisting of 5, relating to 5, made of 5 etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Purāṇa]; 5 days old (See below)

2) [v.s. ...] bought with 5 [Pāṇini 5-1, 22 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] (with śata n.) 5 percent, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

4) [v.s. ...] taking 5 per cent, [Pāṇini 5-1, 47], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]

5) [v.s. ...] m. any collection or aggregate of 5 [Horace H. Wilson] (also n.; cf. [gana] ardharcādi)

6) [v.s. ...] a [particular] caste, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the attendants of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Nahuṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] [plural] the 5 first disciples of Gautama Buddha, [Jātakamālā]

10) [from pañca] n. an aggregate of 5, a pentad, [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] a field of battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Relating to five. m. A five. n. Field of battle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pañcaka (पञ्चक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paṃcaga, Paṇa, Paṇaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcaka (ಪಂಚಕ):—

1) [noun] a group or set of five people, things or values.

2) [noun] that which is made of or consisting of five elements.

3) [noun] the site of a battle; battlefield.

4) [noun] a bundle (as of paper).

5) [noun] a measure of grains equal to five Koḷagas.

6) [noun] a land got as a tax-free gift.

7) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number five.

8) [noun] (astrol.) a group of five consecutive lunar mansions (Mřgaśirā, ārdrā, Punarvasu, Puṣya, and āślēṣā).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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