Pancaka, Pañcaka: 18 definitions



Pancaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchaka.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—One of the two soldiers presented to Subrahmaṇya by Indra for the battle between the devas and asuras. The other was named Utkrośa. (Śloka 35, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—A royal line established by Viśvasphāṇi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 378.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pancaka in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pañcaka (पञ्चक) or Pañcakādri is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Diṇḍimālin: a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48.  Accordingly: “... then four more great warriors, armed with bows, sent by Śrutaśarman, surrounded Prabhāsa:... the second Diṇḍimālin, whose home was the hill of Pañcaka”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pañcaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Pandaka and Pancika.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāñcaka.—(CII 3), a committee. See pañca-maṇḍalī and pañcakula. Note: pāñcaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pañcaka.—(CII 4), same as Pañcāyat. Note: pañcaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pañcaka : (nt.) a pentad; a group of five.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pañcaka, (adj.) (fr. pañca) fivefold, consisting of five J. I, 116 (°kammaṭṭhāna); Dhs. chapters 167—175 (°naya fivefold system of jhāna, cp. Dhs. translation 52); SnA 318 (°nipāta of Aṅguttara).—nt. pañcakaṃ a pentad, five Vin. I, 255 (the 5 parts of the kaṭhina robe, see Vin. Texts II. 155), cp. p. 287; pl. pañcakā sets of five Vism. 242. The 32 ākāras or constituents of the human body are divided into 4 pañcaka’s (i.e. sets of 5 more closely related parts), viz. taca° “skin-pentad, ” the 5 dermatoid constituents: kesā, lomā, nakhā, dantā, taco; vakka° the next five, ending with the kidneys; papphāsa° id. ending with the lungs & comprising the inner organs proper; matthaluṅga° id. ending with the brain, and 2 chakka’s (sets of 6), viz. meda° & mutta°. See e.g. VbhA. 249, 258. (Page 389)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcaka (पंचक).—n (S) An aggregate of five. 2 The five Nakshatras from the latter half of Dhanishṭha to the first half of Ashwini; during which certain works are forbidden. 3 A certain number--To the number of a particular lagna add the number of the preceding lunar day, and divide the sum by 9: the remainder, if it be 1, 2, 4, 6, or 8 is a pañcaka. These have distinct names, and are all unlucky.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcaka (पंचक).—n pañcakaḍī f An aggregate of five.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—a.

1) Consisting of five.

2) Relating to five.

3) Made of five.

4) Bought with five.

5) Taking five percent.

-kaḥ, -kam 1 A collection or aggregate of five; अम्लपञ्चकम् (amlapañcakam).

2) the pentad of five नक्षत्र (nakṣatra)s beginning from धनिष्ठा (dhaniṣṭhā) and ending in रेवती (revatī).

-kam A field of battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—adj. (as in Sanskrit and Pali in this meaning), con- sisting of five, forming a group of five; regularly of the bhadravargīya (or the like, q.v.) monks; pañcakā bha- [Page315-a+ 71] dra° Lalitavistara 245.16; 246.2; 404.7, etc.; Mahāvastu ii.241.2; iii.322.20; 415.7, et alibi; without the word bhadra° but certainly or probably referring to them, as bhikṣavaḥ Jātakamālā 51.19; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 239.10; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 56.10; pañcakehi (by em.) saha tehi munīhi (same group) Mahāvastu i.72.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Five or relating to five, made of five, bought with five, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) Any collection or aggregate of five, a five. n.

(-kaṃ) A field of battle. E. pañca five, and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—i. e. pañcan + ka, I. adj. 1. Consisting of five, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 92. 2. With śata, Five in the hundred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 139. Ii. n. 1. The number five, śata-, Five hundred, [Pañcatantra] 134, 16. 2. A collection of five, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 11, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक).—[adjective] consisting of five, five days old, etc.; [with] śata [neuter] five per cent. —[masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] pancikā a book of 5 chapters; [neuter] aggregate of five.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcaka (पञ्चक):—[from pañca] mfn. consisting of 5, relating to 5, made of 5 etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Purāṇa]; 5 days old (See below)

2) [v.s. ...] bought with 5 [Pāṇini 5-1, 22 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] (with śata n.) 5 percent, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

4) [v.s. ...] taking 5 per cent, [Pāṇini 5-1, 47], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]

5) [v.s. ...] m. any collection or aggregate of 5 [Horace H. Wilson] (also n.; cf. [gana] ardharcādi)

6) [v.s. ...] a [particular] caste, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the attendants of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Nahuṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] [plural] the 5 first disciples of Gautama Buddha, [Jātakamālā]

10) [from pañca] n. an aggregate of 5, a pentad, [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] a field of battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaka (पञ्चक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Relating to five. m. A five. n. Field of battle.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pañcaka (पञ्चक):—(von pañcan)

1) adj. aus Fünfen bestehend, = pañca parimāṇamasya [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 58,] [Scholiast] [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 16, 10.] gaṇa [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 92.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 24.] varga [Mahābhārata 15, 932.] [Suśruta 1, 143, 21. 158, 2.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 8, 37. 38.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 16, 50.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 88.] dāsāstripañcakāḥ von fünfzehnerlei Art [Mitākṣarā 267, 7.] = pañcāṃśo vasnaṃ bhṛtirvāsya [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 56,] [Scholiast] māsika der im Monat fünf erhält [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 116, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 4,] [Scholiast] devadattaḥ fünf Procent nehmend [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 47, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.,] [Scholiast] für fünf gekauft [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 22,] [Scholiast] pañcakaṃ śatam fünf vom Hundert [Manu’s Gesetzbuch.8, 139. 142. 152.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 37. 42.] vayasāśītipañcakaḥ 85 jährig [Mahābhārata 7, 5089.] — m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 31.] —

2) m. a) pañcakāḥ = śakunayaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 58,] [Scholiast] — b) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge des Skanda [Mahābhārata 9, 2537.] —

3) f. pañcikā a) Bez. der aus je fünf Adhyāya bestehenden Bücher im [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa] Auch im [TĀṆḌYA-BRĀHMAṆA] scheinen die Abtheilungen so zu heissen, da [COLEBR. Misc. I, 83] wohl (wie auch

36) pañcikā st. pañjikā zu lesen ist. navadvīpī (?) [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 889.] — b) N. eines mit fünf Muscheln gespielten Spieles [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 10.] —

4) n. a) Fünfzahl, πεντάς [Harivaṃśa 15356.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 53.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 9, 14. 53, 85. 67, 89.] [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [?S. 100. Pañcatantra 134, 16. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 11, 15. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 37, 33. Scholiast zu Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 467, 19. 550, 3. Vedānta lecture No. 45. Scholiast bei WILSON, SĀṂKHYAK. S. 126. Vopadeva’s Grammatik 5, 12. 25, 17.] pañcakena gaṇa prakṛtyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 18, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.] pañcapañcakatattvajña die 25 Tattva [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 53, 42]; man hätte eher pañcatattvapañcaka erwartet. — b) Schlachtfeld [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [Wilson’s Wörterbuch]; viell. aus samantapañcaka geschlossen.

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Pañcaka (पञ्चक):—

1) aus Fünfen bestehend [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 249. 254.] vielleicht fünf Tage alt: mṛtasya dāhavidhiḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 294,b,17.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pañcaka (पञ्चक):——

1) Adj. — a) aus Fünfen bestehend. — b) fünf Tage alt. — c) *für fünf gekauft — d) in Verbindung mit śata n. fünf Procent. — e) *fünf Procent nehmend.

2) m. — a) eine best. Kaste [VP.².4,217.] — b) Nomen proprium — α) eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's. — β) eines Sohnes des Nahuṣa [Viṣṇupurāṇa 4,46.] —

3) f. pañcikā — a) ein aus fünf Adhyāya bestehendes Buch. — b) ein best. Spiel.

4) n. — a) Fünfzahl , πεντάς. — b) *Schlachtfeld.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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