Panaka, Paṇaka, Pāṇaka, Pānaka: 17 definitions



Panaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Pānaka (पानक, “syrup”).—Decoction (of drug) added with sugar is again cooked on mild fire for some time till it thinly sticks to ladle but is in liquid form. This is pānaka.

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Pānaka (beverage): Some fruits (mango, dates, berries, grapes, pomegranate etc.) which are half-ripened are added to 16 times of water. The fruits are kept overnight and rubbed so as to extract the juice and filtered. Sitā (sugar) and marīca (pepper) are added in required quantities. Elā (cardamom), lavaṅga (cloves), kēsara (saffron) can also be added for fragrance.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Pānaka (पानक) refers to “cool drinks”, according the 17th-century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Pānaka are “cool drinks” which are prepared to expel the thirst. Here the properties and preparation of cool drinks like śarkarodaka, prapānaka, āmlikāphalapānaka, nimbuphalapānaka, dhānyakapānaka and takrapānaka are detailed.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Pānaka (पानक) refers to a type of food preparation (the same as Rasāla but mixed with up with curds), used in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.157-158 of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “Pānaka is prepared with more curds, mixed up with equal quantity of water, crushed (grinded) pepper and scented with salt and powdered jaggery. It produces calmness and peace.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Pānaka (पानक) refers to a “mixture of water and treacle” and is mentioned in a list of charitable gifts that claim to help minimise the heat-effects of Vaiśākha, according to the Skandapurāṇa 2.7.3.—Accordingly, “[...] by giving Pānaka (mixture of water and treacle) in the evening in the month of Vaiśākha for alleviating fatigue, one shall be rid of all sins. He shall obtain Sāyujya with Viṣṇu. One should give Pānaka along with fruits in the evening in the month of Meṣa to a Brāhmaṇa. Thereby the Pitṛs shall have a drink of nectar undoubtedly. If anyone gives Pānaka mixed with fully ripe mango fruits in the month of Vaiśākha, all his sins shall certainly perish. If anyone gives a (big) pot full of Pānaka juice on the new-moon day in the month of Caitra, undoubtedly a hundred Gayāśrāddhas have been performed by him”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Google Books: Jaina Yoga: A Survey of the Mediaeval Śrāvakācāras

Panaka is explained (by Hemacandra) as pañca-varṇolli.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāṇaka.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XIV, p. 309), small quantity of a liquid; name of a measure. Note: pāṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāṇaka : (m.) an insect.

-- or --

pānaka : (nt.) a drink; syrup.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṇaka, (adj. -n.) (usually —°) (fr. pāṇa) a living being, endowed with (the breath of) life S. IV, 198 (chap°); DhA. I, 20 (v. l. BB mata°); sap° with life, containing living creatures J. I, 198 (udaka); ap° without living beings, lifeless Vin. II, 216; M. I, 13, 243; S. I, 169; Sn. p. 15 (udaka); J. I, 67 (jhāna). (Page 451)

— or —

Paṇaka, see paṇṇaka. —paṇaka (comb) see phaṇaka. (Page 403)

— or —

Pānaka, (nt.) (fr. pāna) a drink J. II, 285; IV, 30; Dāvs. V, 2; DhA. III, 207 (amba°); VvA. 99, 291.—Der. pānakatta (abstr. nt.) being provided with drink J. V, 243 (a°). (Page 453)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pānaka (पानक).—A drink, beverage, potion.

Derivable forms: pānakam (पानकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pānaka (पानक).—n. (kaṃ) A drink. E. pānārthaṃ kāyati-kai-ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pānaka (पानक).—[pāna + ka], m. and n. Beverage, Mahābhārata 15, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pānaka (पानक).—[masculine] [neuter] drink, beverage, potion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Panaka (पनक):—m. a kind of Arum, [Śīlāṅka]

2) Pānaka (पानक):—[from ] mn. (ifc. f(ā). ) a draught, drink, beverage, potion, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pānaka (पानक):—(von 1. pāna) m. ( [Mahābhārata 7, 2310.] [Suśruta 1, 144, 4]) und n. Trank, Getränk, Tränkchen: uṣṇamannaṃ dvijātibhyaḥ śraddhayā vinivedayet . anyatra phalamūlebhyaḥ pānakebhyaśca paṇḍitaḥ .. [ŚAṄKHA] bei [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 236.] rāgakhāṇḍavapānakān [Mahābhārata 7, 2310.] pānakāni ca divyāni [?12, 10319. 15, 21.Suśruta 1, 232, 18. 233, 18.] pānīyaṃ pānakaṃ madyaṃ mṛṇmayeṣu pradāpayet [240, 15.] kṛtamambuni pānakaṃ yat [?2, 481, 16. 490, 5. Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 950. Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 176.] saviṣāhṛtapānakā adj. [175.]

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Pānaka (पानक):—, rasāsavarāgayojanāni unter den 64 Kalā [Oxforder Handschriften.217,a,8.] rasarāgāsavayojanam [Scholiast] zu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 45, 36]; vgl. u. kalā [11]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Panaka (पनक):—m. eine Art Arum [Śīlāṅka’s Commentar 1,379.] [Kalpasūtra 123.]

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Pānaka (पानक):—m. n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Trank , Getränk , Tränkchen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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