Pancamahayajna, aka: Panca-mahayajna, Pañcamahāyajña, Pañcamahāyajñā, Pancan-mahayajna; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pancamahayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchamahayajna.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Pancamahayajna in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ):—The religious aspect also embraces another set of performances. These altogether is known as Pañcamahāyajña i.e. great sacrifices five in number. The Manusaṃhitā has dealt on these five great sacrifices designated as Pañcamahāyajña. According to this, a householder should perform these sacrifices with the sacred fire, kindled at the wedding, all the rites prescribed in the Gṛhyasūtras.

These five religious sacrifices are

  1. Brahmayajña,
  2. Pitṛyajña,
  3. Devayajña,
  4. Bhūtayajña
  5. and Nṛyajña.
(Source): Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Pancamahayajna in Shaivism glossaries]

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ) or the “five great sacrifices”, namely karman, tapas, svādhyāya, dhyāna and jñāna. Of these, karman and tapas are said to yield merely fruition, svādhyāya, interpreted as japa of the śivamantra, has a limited value as a means of purification, but dhyāna and jñāna are supreme, yielding, alongside with fruition, also final deliverance.

(Source): academia.edu: Śivadharmottara Purāṇa: a Survey
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana

[Pancamahayajna in Purana glossaries]

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ).—For a Gṛhasthāśramī (householder) the following five apparatuses are unavoidable: A sifter, a grinding stone, a broom, a wooden mortar and a water-pot. It is believed that a sin is committed when each of these is used and to remove the sins thus committed the ancient sages have prescribed five yajñas and these five yajñas are called the Pañcamahāyajñas. They are the Brahmayajña, Pitṛyajña, Devayajña, Bhūtayajña and the Mānuṣayajña. Reciting of Vedas is Brahmayajña. Pleasing the manes by offering rice or libations of water is called Pitṛyajña. Giving offerings to the demi-gods in the sacrificial fire is called Devayajña and religious offerings of rice to the crows is called Bhūtayajña. Giving food for the guests is Mānuṣayajña. One who does not do the Pañcamahāyajñas is no better than dead. Some scholars have classified the Pañcamahāyajñas as Huta, Prahuta, Brāhmyahuta, Prāśita and Ahuta.

"japo huto huto homaḥ prahuto bhautiko baliḥ // brāhmyaṃ hutaṃ dvijāgnyarccā prāsitam pitṛtarpaṇam. //"

Ahuta is Brahmayajña, huta is devayajña, prahuta is bhūtayajña, brāhmyahuta is mānuṣikayajña and prāśita is pitṛyajña. Even if at times one finds it not possible to do mānuṣikayajña one must perform daily brahmayajña and daivayajña. The offerings given to gods in the sacrificial fire go to the Sun. The Sun sends rains to the earth which in turn make the plants flourish. Vedas say that thus living beings increase. Just as all animals and objects depend on life-breath for living, a Brahmacārī, a Vānaprastha and a Sannyāsī depend upon a gṛhastha for sustenance. Therefore, the Gṛhasthāśrama is the best of all āśramas. (Chapter 3, Manūsmṛti).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Pancamahayajna in Hinduism glossaries]

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ).—The five daily sacrifices performed by householders to become free from unintentional sins.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Pancamahayajna in Marathi glossaries]

pañcamahāyajña (पंचमहायज्ञ) [or पंचयज्ञ, pañcayajña].—n S The five yajña or Oblation-services; viz. dēvayajña, bhūtayajña or brahmayajña, ṛṣi- yajña or atithiyajña, pitṛyajña, manuṣyayajña q. v. in loc. This presentation (of food, before beginning the meal, to the gods, saints, demons, manes of ancestors, and men) is a part of the Brahman's daily course.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Pancamahayajna in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pañcamahāyajñā (पञ्चमहायज्ञा).—m. (pl.) the five daily sacrifices enjoined to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa; अध्यापनं ब्रह्मयज्ञः पितृ- यज्ञस्तु तर्पणम् । होमो दैवो बलिर्भौतो नृयज्ञोऽतिथिपूजनम् (adhyāpanaṃ brahmayajñaḥ pitṛ- yajñastu tarpaṇam | homo daivo balirbhauto nṛyajño'tithipūjanam) || Ms.3.7. अहुतं च हुतं चैव तथा प्रहुतमेव च । ब्राह्मं हुतं प्राशितं च पञ्च यज्ञान् प्रचक्षते (ahutaṃ ca hutaṃ caiva tathā prahutameva ca | brāhmaṃ hutaṃ prāśitaṃ ca pañca yajñān pracakṣate) || Ms.3.73; see महायज्ञ (mahāyajña).

Derivable forms: pañcamahāyajñāḥ (पञ्चमहायज्ञाः).

Pañcamahāyajñā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and mahāyajñā (महायज्ञा).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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