Pancamahayajna, Panca-mahayajna, Pañcamahāyajña, Pañcamahāyajñā, Pancan-mahayajna, Pamcamahayajna: 12 definitions


Pancamahayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchamahayajna.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Dharmashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ):—The religious aspect also embraces another set of performances. These altogether is known as Pañcamahāyajña i.e. great sacrifices five in number. The Manusaṃhitā has dealt on these five great sacrifices designated as Pañcamahāyajña. According to this, a householder should perform these sacrifices with the sacred fire, kindled at the wedding, all the rites prescribed in the Gṛhyasūtras.

These five religious sacrifices are

  1. Brahmayajña,
  2. Pitṛyajña,
  3. Devayajña,
  4. Bhūtayajña
  5. and Nṛyajña.
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ).—The five daily sacrifices performed by householders to become free from unintentional sins.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Shaivism glossary
Source: Śivadharmottara Purāṇa: a Survey

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ) or the “five great sacrifices”, namely karman, tapas, svādhyāya, dhyāna and jñāna. Of these, karman and tapas are said to yield merely fruition, svādhyāya, interpreted as japa of the śivamantra, has a limited value as a means of purification, but dhyāna and jñāna are supreme, yielding, alongside with fruition, also final deliverance.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ).—For a Gṛhasthāśramī (householder) the following five apparatuses are unavoidable: A sifter, a grinding stone, a broom, a wooden mortar and a water-pot. It is believed that a sin is committed when each of these is used and to remove the sins thus committed the ancient sages have prescribed five yajñas and these five yajñas are called the Pañcamahāyajñas. They are the Brahmayajña, Pitṛyajña, Devayajña, Bhūtayajña and the Mānuṣayajña. Reciting of Vedas is Brahmayajña. Pleasing the manes by offering rice or libations of water is called Pitṛyajña. Giving offerings to the demi-gods in the sacrificial fire is called Devayajña and religious offerings of rice to the crows is called Bhūtayajña. Giving food for the guests is Mānuṣayajña. One who does not do the Pañcamahāyajñas is no better than dead. Some scholars have classified the Pañcamahāyajñas as Huta, Prahuta, Brāhmyahuta, Prāśita and Ahuta.

"japo huto huto homaḥ prahuto bhautiko baliḥ // brāhmyaṃ hutaṃ dvijāgnyarccā prāsitam pitṛtarpaṇam. //"

Ahuta is Brahmayajña, huta is devayajña, prahuta is bhūtayajña, brāhmyahuta is mānuṣikayajña and prāśita is pitṛyajña. Even if at times one finds it not possible to do mānuṣikayajña one must perform daily brahmayajña and daivayajña. The offerings given to gods in the sacrificial fire go to the Sun. The Sun sends rains to the earth which in turn make the plants flourish. Vedas say that thus living beings increase. Just as all animals and objects depend on life-breath for living, a Brahmacārī, a Vānaprastha and a Sannyāsī depend upon a gṛhastha for sustenance. Therefore, the Gṛhasthāśrama is the best of all āśramas. (Chapter 3, Manūsmṛti).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Vedanta glossary
Source: Pondicherry University: Consciousness in Viśiṣṭādvaita and Dvaita

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ) refers to the “fivefold duties” fulfilling which is part of the Kriyā (“action”) aspect of the spiritual disciplines (sādhana-saptaka), which are part of the religious practices of Rāmānuja’s ethics (sādhanās) for attaining liberation.—Action (kriyā) means that the devotee (mumukṣu) should fulfill the (pañcamahāyajñas).

The pañcamahāyajñas are:

  1. responsibility to words the divinities/deities (devayajña);
  2. duty towards the sages (ṛṣiyajña).
  3. duty towards ancestors (pitṛyajña),
  4. duty towards human beings (narayajña) and
  5. Duty towards sub-human creatures and nature—animals and plants (bhūtayajña).
context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañca-mahāyajña.—(EI 29; CII 3, 4), ‘the five great sacri- fices’; the five daily duties of a Brāhmaṇa enumerated as bali, caru, vaiśvadeva, agnihotra and atithi. Note: pañca-mahāyajña is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcamahāyajña (पंचमहायज्ञ) [or पंचयज्ञ, pañcayajña].—n S The five yajña or Oblation-services; viz. dēvayajña, bhūtayajña or brahmayajña, ṛṣi- yajña or atithiyajña, pitṛyajña, manuṣyayajña q. v. in loc. This presentation (of food, before beginning the meal, to the gods, saints, demons, manes of ancestors, and men) is a part of the Brahman's daily course.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcamahāyajñā (पञ्चमहायज्ञा).—m. (pl.) the five daily sacrifices enjoined to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa; अध्यापनं ब्रह्मयज्ञः पितृ- यज्ञस्तु तर्पणम् । होमो दैवो बलिर्भौतो नृयज्ञोऽतिथिपूजनम् (adhyāpanaṃ brahmayajñaḥ pitṛ- yajñastu tarpaṇam | homo daivo balirbhauto nṛyajño'tithipūjanam) || Manusmṛti 3.7. अहुतं च हुतं चैव तथा प्रहुतमेव च । ब्राह्मं हुतं प्राशितं च पञ्च यज्ञान् प्रचक्षते (ahutaṃ ca hutaṃ caiva tathā prahutameva ca | brāhmaṃ hutaṃ prāśitaṃ ca pañca yajñān pracakṣate) || Manusmṛti 3.73; see महायज्ञ (mahāyajña).

Derivable forms: pañcamahāyajñāḥ (पञ्चमहायज्ञाः).

Pañcamahāyajñā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and mahāyajñā (महायज्ञा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ).—m. plu.

(-jñāḥ) The five great sacraments of the Hindus, or the worship of spirits, progenitors, gods, Vedas, and mankind, by offerings of perfumes and flowers, obsequial rites, oblations with fire, the study of the Vedas, and hospitality. E. pañca five, mahā great, and yajña sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ):—[=pañca-mahāyajña] [from pañca] m. [plural] the 5 great devotional acts of the Hindūs (See mahā-y), [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ):—[pañca-mahā-yajña] (jñaḥ) 1. m. The five sacraments of the Hindus, viz. worshipping spirits by offerings of flowers; primogenitors by obsequial rites; gods by burntofferings; vedas by study; and mankind by hospitality.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamahayajna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcamahāyajña (ಪಂಚಮಹಾಯಜ್ಞ):—[noun] (pl.) the five sacrifices that a brāhmaṇa, has to perform every day.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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