Manusha, aka: Manusa, Mānusa, Mānuṣa; 8 Definition(s)


Manusha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mānuṣa can be transliterated into English as Manusa or Manusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mānuṣa (मानुष).—Description of a women of human (mānuṣa) type;—A woman who loves uprightness, is always clever and very virtuous, has regular features (vibhaktāṅgī), is grateful to her benefactors, disposed to worship the elders and gods, always careful about duty (dharma) as well as material gain, and is free from pride and fond of friends and has good habits is said to have the nature of a human being (mānuṣa or nara).

(Source): Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Vastushastra (architecture)

Manuṣa (मनुष, “man”) refers to one of the three gaṇa (clusters), according to the Mānasāra. Gaṇa is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular gaṇa (eg., manuṣa) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). Of the three gaṇas, the asura (demonic) and manuṣa (human) class are to be avoided.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mānuṣa (मानुष) refers to a class of yakṣa deities according to Digambara while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not reccognize this class. The yakṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The assigned color of yakṣas is black and their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred tree) is the “banyan tree” (vaṭa).

The deities such as the Mānuṣas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of manusha or manusa in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

mānusa : (adj.) human (m.), a man.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mānusa, (adj. n.) (cp. Vedic mānuṣa; fr. same base (manus) as manussa) 1. (adj.) human Sn. 301 (bhoga); It. 94 (kāmā dibbā ca mānusā); Pv. II, 921 (m. deha); 956 (id.).—amānusa divine Vv 356; Pv. II, 1220; ghostly (=superhuman) Pv IV. 36; f. amānusī Pv III, 7. 9 — 2. (n. m.) a human being, a man Mhvs 15, 64; f. mānusī a (human) woman J. IV, 231; Pv. II, 41.—amānusa a superhuman being Pv IV. 157.—pl. mānusā men Sn. 361, 644; Pv. II, 117. As nt. in collective sense=mankind Pv. II, 113 (v. l. mānussaṃ; C. =manussaloka). (Page 529)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

māṇūsa (माणूस).—m f n (manuṣya S) A man, a person, a human being: also man or mankind. In designation of the stages downwards from the delicateness, tenderness, and susceptibility pertaining to Civilized humanity unto the rudeness, hardiness, and callousness of Absolute barbarism, three words have been devised to alliterate or jingle with māṇūsa, this word expressing the standard state. These three, with māṇūsa at their head, are (māṇūsa) kāṇūsa, ṭhēkasa, ṭhōmasa. bharalyā māṇasāntūna uṭhaviṇēṃ-kāḍhaṇēṃ-ghālaviṇēṃ To cast out of society. māṇasākāṇasīṃ By or through human beings. māṇusācēṃ kāṇūsa hōṇēṃ To become emaciated or reduced; or to become poor and wretched; i. e. to cease being māṇūsa and to become any non-descript thing. māṇūsa kāṇūsa ōḷakhāvēṃ- jāṇāvēṃ-pāhāvēṃ-dhyānānta dharāvēṃ &c. Make distinction betwixt man and man.

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mānuṣa (मानुष).—m S A man. mānuṣī f S A woman.

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mānuṣa (मानुष) [or षी, ṣī].—a S Pertaining or relating to man, human.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māṇūsa (माणूस).—See maṇuṣya &c.

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mānuṣa (मानुष).—a Human. m A man.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mānuṣa (मानुष).—a. (-ṣī f.) [मनोरयम् अण् सुक् च (manorayam aṇ suk ca)]

1) Human; मानुषी तनुः, मानुषी वाक् (mānuṣī tanuḥ, mānuṣī vāk) &c.; R.1.6;16.22; मानुषे लोके (mānuṣe loke) Bg. 4.12; अवजानन्ति मां मूढा मानुषीं तनुमाश्रितम् (avajānanti māṃ mūḍhā mānuṣīṃ tanumāśritam) 9.11; Ms.4.124.

2) Humane, kind.

-ṣaḥ 1 A man, human being.

2) An epithet of the three signs of the zodiac, Gemini, Virgo, and Libra.

-ṣī 1 A woman.

2) A branch of medicine, administering drugs and herbs.

-ṣam 1 Humanity.

2) Human effort or action; मानुषं च स्वाध्यायप्रवचने च (mānuṣaṃ ca svādhyāyapravacane ca) T. Up.1.9.1.

3) Manhood; श्रीरेषा द्रौपदीरूपा त्वदर्थे मानुषं गता (śrīreṣā draupadīrūpā tvadarthe mānuṣaṃ gatā) Mb.18.4.12.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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