Akrita, Akṛta, Ākṛta: 17 definitions


Akrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Akṛta and Ākṛta can be transliterated into English as Akrta or Akrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Akrat.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Akṛta (अकृत).—Not established; said of a grammatical operation which has not taken place e. g. अकृतसंधिकार्यम् (akṛtasaṃdhikāryam) M. Bh. on V. 2.100, W. 3.84, also कृताकृतप्रसङ्गि नित्यम् (kṛtākṛtaprasaṅgi nityam) M. Bh. on VI.4.62.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Akṛta (अकृत):—The food articles without seasoning i. e. without addition of oil, mustard etc.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Akṛta (अकृत) refers to “(that which is) not created”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (44) Action (karma), which is neither created (akṛta) nor imagined (acintya) and which is thus not discriminated (akalpita), does not have any form (rūpa) or color (varṇa) such as red, blue, and yellow. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Akṛta (अकृत) refers to “unfulfilled (desired happiness)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having come previously, merciless Yama kills in an instant the inhabitants of the world whose desired happiness is unfulfilled (akṛta-abhīṣṭa-kalyāṇa) [and] whose undertaken desire is unaccomplished”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

akṛta (अकृत).—a (S) Unperformed, unexecuted, undone.

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akṛta (अकृत).—n S An evil deed.

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akṛta (अकृत).—a Commonly and more correctly akrīta.

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akrīta (अक्रीत).—ad (A word of correct formation, but of lax or irregular application. a neg. krīta Unpurchased, unsold, not viewed as justly and fairly transacted.) Exorbitantly, extravagantly, unduly, at a rate disproportioned to the value--selling, buying, lending at interest. v ghē, dē, yē. 2 Extravagantly in general, abnormously, not in the regular or usual course, or not at the market rate. 3 Gratuitously, for nothing (quasi as unbought or unlabored after; as unmerited or unduly acquired). Ex. mī a0 khāta nāhīṃ I eat not my bread without working for it; mī kōṇhācēṃ a0 ghēṇāra nāhīṃ I will not pocket any one's mistake; akritācā vyavahāra or vyāpāra Dishonest trading. a0 miḷavilēlā paisā jayāsa jāta nāhīṃ Money unlawfully acquired makes no prosperity; "honesty is the best policy."

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

akṛta (अकृत).—a Unperformed. n An evil deed.

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akrīta (अक्रीत).—ad Extravagantly; unduly; for nothing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akṛta (अकृत).—a. [kṛ-karmaṇi ktaḥ, na. ta.]

1) Not done, undone, unperformed; सर्वान् बलकृतानर्थानकृतान् मनुरब्रवीत् (sarvān balakṛtānarthānakṛtān manurabravīt) Manusmṛti 8.168; कृतं चाप्यकृतं भवेत् (kṛtaṃ cāpyakṛtaṃ bhavet) 8.117.

2) Wrongly or differently done; कृताकृतावेक्षणादौ ब्रह्मा ऋत्विङ् नियुज्यते इति याज्ञिकाः (kṛtākṛtāvekṣaṇādau brahmā ṛtviṅ niyujyate iti yājñikāḥ).

3) Incomplete, not ready (as food); अकृतं च कृतात्क्षेत्रात् (akṛtaṃ ca kṛtātkṣetrāt) (adoṣavat) Manusmṛti 1.144. not cultivated (anuptaśasyam Kull.); कृतान्नं चाकृता- न्नेन (kṛtānnaṃ cākṛtā- nnena) (nirmātavyam) 1.94 (siddhānnaṃ cāmānnena Kull.)

4) Uncreated.

5) One who has done no work.

6) Not developed or perfected, unripe, immature.

-tā One not legally regarded as a daughter and placed on a level with sons, (putrikātvena akalpitā); अकृता वा कृता वापि यं विन्देत्सदृशात्सुतम् (akṛtā vā kṛtā vāpi yaṃ vindetsadṛśātsutam) Manusmṛti 9.136; according to some, a daughter who is not by a formal declaration but only mentally appointed to supply an heir for her father (abhisaṃdhimātrakṛtā vāgvyavahāreṇa kṛtā; kṛtā = yadapatyaṃ bhavedasyāṃ tanmama syātsvadhākaram ityabhidhāya kanyādānakāle varānumatyā yā kriyate Kull.).

-tam An unperformed act; non-performance of an act; an unheard-of deed; अकृतं वै प्रजापतिः करोति (akṛtaṃ vai prajāpatiḥ karoti) Ait. Br.

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Ākṛta (आकृत).—p. p. Ved.

1) Arranged, built (as a house); यद् वा समुद्रे अध्याकृते गृहे (yad vā samudre adhyākṛte gṛhe) Ṛgveda 8.1.1.

2) Brought near to, being near; ध्यायन्त आकृतधियः शयनासनादौ तत्साम्य- मापुरनुरक्तधियां पुनः किम् (dhyāyanta ākṛtadhiyaḥ śayanāsanādau tatsāmya- māpuranuraktadhiyāṃ punaḥ kim) Bhāgavata 11.5.48.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛta (अकृत).—mfn. (taḥ-tā-taṃ) Undone neglected incomplete. n.

(-taṃ) Any act unperformed. E. a neg. kṛta done.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛta (अकृत).—[a-kṛta]. I. adj., f. . 1. Not done. 2. Undone, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 117. 3. Not cultivated, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 114. 4. Wavering, Mahābhārata 14, 34. Ii. f. . A daughter who is not by a formal declaration, but only mentally, appointed to supply an heir for her father, Mahābhārata 9, 136.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛta (अकृत).—[adjective] undone, unmade, unwrought, unprepared, imperfect, unappointed; often °— not having done or got.

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Akrīta (अक्रीत).—[adjective] unbought.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akṛta (अकृत):—[=a-kṛta] mf(ā)n. undone, not committed

2) [v.s. ...] not made, uncreated

3) [v.s. ...] unprepared, in comp.ete

4) [v.s. ...] one who has done no works

5) [v.s. ...] n. an act never before committed, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

6) Akṛtā (अकृता):—[=a-kṛtā] [from a-kṛta] f. a daughter who has not been made putrikā, or a sharer in the privileges of a son, [Pāṇini]

7) Akrīta (अक्रीत):—[=a-krīta] mfn. not bought, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

8) Ākṛta (आकृत):—[=ā-kṛta] [from ā-kṛ] mfn. arranged, built (as a house), [Ṛg-veda viii, 10, 1]

9) [v.s. ...] done (as evil or good) to any one, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) Ākrīta (आक्रीत):—[=ā-krīta] [from ā-krī] mfn. purchased, [Daśakumāra-carita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛta (अकृत):—I. [tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) 1) Not done, not prepared, not wrought &c.

2) Not accomplished, incomplete.

3) Not made, not created, eternal. 2. n. (tam) Any act not, or not yet, done or performed. 3. f.

(-tā) (In law.) A daughter who has not been made putrikā (q. v.), or to share in the privileges of a son. E. a neg. and kṛta. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) Having performed no deed, not having done any thing. E. a priv. and kṛta.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Akṛta (अकृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Akaya, Akkaa, Agaḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Akrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Akṛta (अकृत) [Also spelled akrat]:—(a) null, nullified; undone.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Akṛta (ಅಕೃತ):—

1) [adjective] not performed; not done.

2) [adjective] not artificial; natural.

3) [adjective] not processed; raw; uncooked.

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Akṛta (ಅಕೃತ):—

1) [noun] food, not cooked; raw food.

2) [noun] a mineral, yielding metal, occurring naturally and unprocessed; an ore.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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