Krit, Kṛt, Kṝt: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Krit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṛt and Kṝt can be transliterated into English as Krt or Krit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Kṛt (कृत्).—A class of post-verbal affixes other than the conjugational ones; primary affixes.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kṛt (कृत्).—lit. activity; a term used in the grammars of Pāṇini and others for affixes applied to roots to form verbal derivatives; cf. कृदतिङ् । धातोः (kṛdatiṅ | dhātoḥ) (३ ।१।९१ (3 |1|91)) इत्यधिकारे तिङ्कवर्जितः प्रत्ययः कृत् स्यात् । (ityadhikāre tiṅkavarjitaḥ pratyayaḥ kṛt syāt |) Kāś. on III.1.93, The kṛt affixes are given exhaustively by Pāṇini in Sūtras III.1.91 to III.4. I17. कृत् (kṛt) and तद्धित (taddhita) appear to be the ancient Pre-Pāṇinian terms used in the Nirukta and the Prātiśākhya works in the respective senses of root-born and noun-born words (कृदन्त (kṛdanta) and तद्धितान्त (taddhitānta) according to Pāṇini's terminology), and not in the sense of mere affixes; cf. सन्त्यल्पप्रयोगाः कृतोप्यैकपदिकाः (santyalpaprayogāḥ kṛtopyaikapadikāḥ) Nir. I.14: अथापि भाषिकेभ्यो धातुभ्यो नैगमाः कृतो भाष्यन्ते (athāpi bhāṣikebhyo dhātubhyo naigamāḥ kṛto bhāṣyante) Nir. II.2; तिङ्कृत्तद्धितसमासाः शब्दमयम् (tiṅkṛttaddhitasamāsāḥ śabdamayam) V.Pr. I.27; also cf. V.Pr. VI.4. Patañjali and later grammarians have used the word कृत् (kṛt) in the sense of कृदन्त (kṛdanta); cf. गतिकारकोपपदानां कृद्भिः सह समासवचनं प्राक् सुबुत्पत्तेः (gatikārakopapadānāṃ kṛdbhiḥ saha samāsavacanaṃ prāk subutpatteḥ) Pari Śek.Pari.75. The kṛt affixes are given by Pāṇini in the senses of the different Kārakas अपादान, संप्रदान, करण, आधकरण, कर्म (apādāna, saṃpradāna, karaṇa, ādhakaraṇa, karma) and कर्तृ (kartṛ), stating in general terms that if no other sense is assigned to a kṛt affix it should be understood that कर्ता (kartā) or the agent of the verbal activity is the sense; cf. कर्तरि कृत् । येष्वर्थनिर्देशो नास्ति तत्रेदमुपतिष्ठते (kartari kṛt | yeṣvarthanirdeśo nāsti tatredamupatiṣṭhate) Kāś. on III.4.67. The activity element possessed by the root lies generally dormant in the verbal derivative nouns; cf. कृदभिहितो भावो द्रव्यवद्भवति, क्रियावदपि । (kṛdabhihito bhāvo dravyavadbhavati, kriyāvadapi |) M.Bh.on V.4.19 and VI. 2.139

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛt (कृत्).—a. [kṛ-kvip] (Generally at the end of comp.) Accomplisher, doer, maker, performer, manufacturer, composer &c.; पाप°, पुण्य°, प्रतिमा° (pāpa°, puṇya°, pratimā°) &c. -m.

1) A class of affixes used to form derivatives (nouns, adjectives &c.) from roots.

2) A word so formed; कृद्ग्रहणे गतिकारक- पूर्वस्यापि ग्रहणम् (kṛdgrahaṇe gatikāraka- pūrvasyāpi grahaṇam) Paṅ. Śekh.

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Kṛt (कृत्).—1. 6 P. (kṛntati-kṛtta)

1) To cut, cut off, divide, tear asunder, cut in pieces, destroy; प्रहरति विधिर्मर्मच्छेदी न कृन्तति जीवितम् (praharati vidhirmarmacchedī na kṛntati jīvitam) U.3.31,35; Bk.9.42;15.97;16.15; Ms.8.12. -II. 7 P. (kṛṇatti, kṛtta)

1) To spin.

2) To surround, encompass.

3) To attire.

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Kṝt (कॄत्).—1 U. (kīrtayati-te, kīrtita)

1) To mention, repeat, utter; नाम्नि कीर्तित एव (nāmni kīrtita eva) R.1.87; Ms.7.167;2.124.

2) To tell, recite, declare, communicate; सर्वं शृणुत तं विप्राः सम्यक् कीर्तयतो मम (sarvaṃ śṛṇuta taṃ viprāḥ samyak kīrtayato mama) Ms.3.36;9.42.

3) To name, call.

4) To praise, glorify, commemorate; अपप्रथद्गुणान् भ्रातुर- चिकीर्तच्च विक्रमम् (apaprathadguṇān bhrātura- cikīrtacca vikramam) Bk.15.72.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛt (कृत्).—[(-ī)kṛtī] r. 6th cl. (kṛntati) To cut, to divide. r. 7th cl. (kṛṇati) To surround, to encompass.

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Kṝt (कॄत्).—[kṝta] r. 10th cl. (kīrttayati) To celebrate, to glorify. to render renowned or notorious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛt (कृत्).—i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], Mahābhārata 3, 17212; and i. 1, Mahābhārata 3, 11383), base of the pres., etc., kṛnta. 1. To cut, Mahābhārata 1, 3641. 2. To cut off, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 75, 4. 3. To cut down, [Pañcatantra] 250, 6. 4. To cut out, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 172; to extract, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 12. 5. To kill, Mahābhārata 1, 5593.

— [Causal.] To cut, [Pañcatantra] 143, 13.

— With the prepositions samadhi sam-adhi, To cut in addition, Mahābhārata 3, 13294.

— With anu anu, To cut one by one, Mahābhārata 13, 2906.

— With ava ava, 1. To cut off, [Suśruta] 2, 237, 15. 2. To destroy, Mahābhārata 1, 6810.

— [Causal.] To order a gash to be made on, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 281.

— With ud ud, 1. To cut out, 11, 104 (105). 2. To pull out, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 5, 2. 3. To cut to pieces, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 49.

— With ni ni, To cut down, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 33, 36.

— With vini vi -ni, To cut off, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 31, 48.

— With nis nis, 1. To cut out, to separate, Mahābhārata 3, 8846. 2. To cut down, 1, 2835.

— With pari pari, 1. To cut wholly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 39, 21. 2. To exclude, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 219.

— With pra pra, To cut to pieces, Mahābhārata 3, 11383 (i. 1).

— With vi vi, 1. To rend, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 56, 39. 2. To divide, [Nala] 10, 17 (i. 1). [Causal.] To rend, [Pañcatantra] 91, 5.

— With sam, To cut in pieces, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 25, 6.

— Cf. [Latin] curtus; [Gothic.] giltha, grinda-, dis-skreitan; in and kartrikā.

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Kṛt (कृत्).—ii. 7. 1. To spin, (ved.). 2. † To surround.

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Kṛt (कृत्).—[-kṛt], i. e. 1. kṛ + t, latter part of comp. adj. 1. Making, e. g. kṣetrakarmakṛt, i. e. kṣetra-karman-, m. A husbandman, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 11; citra-, m. A painter, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 5, 28; janmakṛt, i. e. janman-, m. A father, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 13, 7; dina- and divasa-, m. The sun, Mahābhārata 3, 192; 7, 2935; su-kṛta-, Performing virtuous acts, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 37. 2. Causing, sarva-bhūta-, Causing, or the cause of, all beings, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 18; anta-, 1. adj. causing death, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 67, 19; 2. death, 5, 23, 17. 3. Agent of all actions signified by the vb. 1. kṛ, e. g. bahu-patnī-, Marrying many wives, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 2, 34.

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Kṛt (कृत्).—KṚ10T, i. 10, kīrtaya (rather a [denominative.] derived from kīrti), [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.] Mahābhārata 1, 1549), 1. To celebrate, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 221. 2. To propound, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 131. 3. To pronounce, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 124. 4. To say, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 203. 5. To call, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 19. Anom. ptcple. of the pres. [Ātmanepada.] kīrtayāna, Mahābhārata 13, 7661.

— With the prep. anu anu, 1. To mention, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 14, 22. 2. To repeat, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 4, 15. 3. To proclaim, Mahābhārata 3, 13259. 4. To propound. Mahābhārata 2, 994.

— With samabhi sam-abhi, To tell, Mahābhārata 14, 2066.

— With ud ud, To glorify, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 10, 33.

— With pari pari, 1. To proclaim, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 122. 2. To propound, Mahābhārata 13, 12802. 3. To glorify, Mahābhārata 13, 7160. 4. To pronounce, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 92.

— With saṃpari sam-pari, To particularise, [Suśruta] 2, 268, 21.

— With pra pra, 1. To propound, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 95. 2. To call, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 21. 3. To approve, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 37.

— With saṃpra sam-pra, 1. To mention, Mahābhārata 13, 4926. 2. To pronounce, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 4.

— With sam sam, 1. To celebrate, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 221. 2. To proclaim, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 59, 3. 3. To mention, Chr. 13, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛt (कृत्).—1. kṛntati kṛntate (kartati), [participle] kṛtta cut, cut off, cleave, split, divide, destroy. [Causative] kartayati (kṛntayati) the same.

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Kṛt (कृत्).—2. kṛṇatti twist the thread, spin. [Causative] krtayati weave.

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Kṛt (कृत्).—3. [adjective] making, doing, causing, effecting; maker, performer, author of (—°) [masculine] a suffix forming nouns from roots, also = kṛdanta [masculine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛt (कृत्):—[from kṛ] 1. kṛt mfn. only ifc. ([Pāṇini 6-1, 182]) making, doing, performing, accomplishing, effecting, manufacturing, acting, one who accomplishes or performs anything, author (See su-k, karma-k, pāpa-k, etc.)

2) [v.s. ...] m. an affix used to form nouns from roots, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Pāṇini 3-1, 93; 4, 67; vi, 1, 71; vii, 2, 8 and 11; 3, 33; viii, 4, 29]

3) [v.s. ...] a noun formed with that affix, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Pāṇini]

4) 2. kṛt [class] 6. [Parasmaipada] kṛntati, [Epic] also [Ātmanepada] te and [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] kartati (perf. cakarta, 2nd [future] kartsyati or kartiṣyati, 1st [future] kartitā, [Pāṇini 7-2, 57] ; [subjunctive] kṛntat; [Aorist] akartīt, [Vedic or Veda] 2. sg. akṛtas),

—to cut, cut in pieces, cut off, divide, tear asunder, destroy, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.:—[Causal] kartayati idem, [Pañcatantra] :—[Desiderative] cikartiṣati or cikṛtsati, [Pāṇini 7-2, 57];—

5) cf. κείρω, κάρσις; [Lithuanian] kertu [infinitive mood] kirsti, ‘to cut’; [Slavonic or Slavonian] korjū, ‘to split’; [Latin] curtus, culter; [Hibernian or Irish] ceartaighim, ‘I prune, trim, cut’; cuirc, ‘a knife.’

6) 3. kṛt [class] 7. [Parasmaipada] kṛṇatti ([imperfect tense] 3. [plural] akṛntan), to twist threads, spin, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā] = [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa] ([Nirukta, by Yāska iii, 21]);

—to wind (as a snake), [Atharva-veda i, 27, 2]([present participle] f. kṛntatī);

—to surround, encompass, attire, [Dhātupāṭha xxix, 10.]

7) Kṝt (कॄत्):—See √kīrt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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