Krit, aka: Kṛt, Kṝt; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Krit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṛt and Kṝt can be transliterated into English as Krt or Krit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Kṛt (कृत्).—A class of post-verbal affixes other than the conjugational ones; primary affixes.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Kṛt (कृत्).—lit. activity; a term used in the grammars of Pāṇini and others for affixes applied to roots to form verbal derivatives; cf. कृदतिङ् । धातोः (kṛdatiṅ | dhātoḥ) (३ ।१।९१ (3 |1|91)) इत्यधिकारे तिङ्कवर्जितः प्रत्ययः कृत् स्यात् । (ityadhikāre tiṅkavarjitaḥ pratyayaḥ kṛt syāt |) Kāś. on III.1.93, The kṛt affixes are given exhaustively by Pāṇini in Sūtras III.1.91 to III.4. I17. कृत् (kṛt) and तद्धित (taddhita) appear to be the ancient Pre-Pāṇinian terms used in the Nirukta and the Prātiśākhya works in the respective senses of root-born and noun-born words (कृदन्त (kṛdanta) and तद्धितान्त (taddhitānta) according to Pāṇini's terminology), and not in the sense of mere affixes; cf. सन्त्यल्पप्रयोगाः कृतोप्यैकपदिकाः (santyalpaprayogāḥ kṛtopyaikapadikāḥ) Nir. I.14: अथापि भाषिकेभ्यो धातुभ्यो नैगमाः कृतो भाष्यन्ते (athāpi bhāṣikebhyo dhātubhyo naigamāḥ kṛto bhāṣyante) Nir. II.2; तिङ्कृत्तद्धितसमासाः शब्दमयम् (tiṅkṛttaddhitasamāsāḥ śabdamayam) V.Pr. I.27; also cf. V.Pr. VI.4. Patañjali and later grammarians have used the word कृत् (kṛt) in the sense of कृदन्त (kṛdanta); cf. गतिकारकोपपदानां कृद्भिः सह समासवचनं प्राक् सुबुत्पत्तेः (gatikārakopapadānāṃ kṛdbhiḥ saha samāsavacanaṃ prāk subutpatteḥ) Pari Śek.Pari.75. The kṛt affixes are given by Pāṇini in the senses of the different Kārakas अपादान, संप्रदान, करण, आधकरण, कर्म (apādāna, saṃpradāna, karaṇa, ādhakaraṇa, karma) and कर्तृ (kartṛ), stating in general terms that if no other sense is assigned to a kṛt affix it should be understood that कर्ता (kartā) or the agent of the verbal activity is the sense; cf. कर्तरि कृत् । येष्वर्थनिर्देशो नास्ति तत्रेदमुपतिष्ठते (kartari kṛt | yeṣvarthanirdeśo nāsti tatredamupatiṣṭhate) Kāś. on III.4.67. The activity element possessed by the root lies generally dormant in the verbal derivative nouns; cf. कृदभिहितो भावो द्रव्यवद्भवति, क्रियावदपि । (kṛdabhihito bhāvo dravyavadbhavati, kriyāvadapi |) M.Bh.on V.4.19 and VI. 2.139

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛt (कृत्).—a. [kṛ-kvip] (Generally at the end of comp.) Accomplisher, doer, maker, performer, manufacturer, composer &c.; पाप°, पुण्य°, प्रतिमा° (pāpa°, puṇya°, pratimā°) &c. -m.

1) A class of affixes used to form derivatives (nouns, adjectives &c.) from roots.

2) A word so formed; कृद्ग्रहणे गतिकारक- पूर्वस्यापि ग्रहणम् (kṛdgrahaṇe gatikāraka- pūrvasyāpi grahaṇam) Paṅ. Śekh.

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Kṛt (कृत्).—1. 6 P. (kṛntati-kṛtta)

1) To cut, cut off, divide, tear asunder, cut in pieces, destroy; प्रहरति विधिर्मर्मच्छेदी न कृन्तति जीवितम् (praharati vidhirmarmacchedī na kṛntati jīvitam) U.3.31,35; Bk.9.42;15.97;16.15; Ms.8.12. -II. 7 P. (kṛṇatti, kṛtta)

1) To spin.

2) To surround, encompass.

3) To attire.

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Kṝt (कॄत्).—1 U. (kīrtayati-te, kīrtita)

1) To mention, repeat, utter; नाम्नि कीर्तित एव (nāmni kīrtita eva) R.1.87; Ms.7.167;2.124.

2) To tell, recite, declare, communicate; सर्वं शृणुत तं विप्राः सम्यक् कीर्तयतो मम (sarvaṃ śṛṇuta taṃ viprāḥ samyak kīrtayato mama) Ms.3.36;9.42.

3) To name, call.

4) To praise, glorify, commemorate; अपप्रथद्गुणान् भ्रातुर- चिकीर्तच्च विक्रमम् (apaprathadguṇān bhrātura- cikīrtacca vikramam) Bk.15.72.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 311 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Citrakrit
Citrakṛt (चित्रकृत्).—a. astonishing, surprising. (-m.) a painter. Citrakṛt is a Sanskrit compo...
Kridanta
Kṛdanta (कृदन्त).—a word ending with a kṛt affix. Kṛdanta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Vishvakrit
Viśvakṛt (विश्वकृत्).—An eternal god (Viśvadeva) concerned with offerings to the Manes. (Mahābh...
Krillopa
Kṛllopa (कृल्लोप).—the rejection of kṛt affixes.Derivable forms: kṛllopaḥ (कृल्लोपः).Kṛllopa is...
Katakrit
Kaṭakṛt (कटकृत्).—m. A plaiter of straw mats; ददार करजैर्वक्षस्येरकां कटकृद्यथा (dadāra karajai...
Shastrakrit
Śāstrakṛt (शास्त्रकृत्).—m. 1) the author of a Śāstra or sacred book. 2) an author in general. ...
Virodhakrit
Virodhakṛt (विरोधकृत्).—a. opposing. (-m.) an enemy. Virodhakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Punyakrit
Puṇyakṛt (पुण्यकृत्).—A Viśvadeva. (Śloka 30, Chapter 91, Anuśāsana Parva).
Bhutakrit
Bhūtakṛt (भूतकृत्).—m. an epithet of Brahman; सर्वलोकप्रभुर्ब्रह्मा भूतकर्तृ तथर्षयः (sarvaloka...
Hitakrit
Hitakṛt (हितकृत्).—a. 1) doing a kind act or service, friendly, favourable. 2) useful, renderin...
Dushkrit
Duṣkṛt (दुष्कृत्).—m. a wicked person; विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् (vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām) Bg.4.8; पुनः...
Sahakrit
Sahakṛt (सहकृत्).—a. co-operating. (-m.) a coadjutor, associate, colleague. Sahakṛt is a Sanskr...
Bhashyakrit
Bhāṣyakṛt (भाष्यकृत्).—m. 1) commentator, scholiast. 2) Name of Patañjali. Bhāṣyakṛt is a Sansk...
Labhakrit
Lābhakṛt (लाभकृत्).—a. profitable, advantageous. Lābhakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Krodhakrit
Krodhakṛt (क्रोधकृत्).—a. angry. (-m.) the Supreme Being. Krodhakṛt is a Sanskrit compound cons...

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