Kritanta, aka: Kṛtānta, Krita-anta; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kritanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtānta can be transliterated into English as Krtanta or Kritanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to Yama. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned Kṛtānta and Kāla to the door complex (entrance, dvāraśālā). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kritanta in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—One of the eleven rākṣasas facing the eleven rudras in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—A son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 18.

1b) A name of Yama.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 148. 30.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kritanta in Jainism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kṛtānta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Kṛtānta.—(EI 3), same as siddhānta. Note: kṛtānta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kritanta in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kṛtānta (कृतांत).—m (S) A name of Yama, Regent of the dead; or Death personified. Ex. śikṣā lāvīna kṛtāntāsi || vighna karūṃ āliyā ||. Hence (or kṛtānta- kāla) Any terrific, terrible, dreadful (man or other object). 2 Fate or destiny. 3 A demonstrated conclusion.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛtānta (कृतांत).—m A name of yama Fate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kritanta in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—a. bringing to an end, terminating. (-taḥ) 1 Yama, the god of death; कृतान्त आसीत्समरो देवानां सह दानवैः (kṛtānta āsītsamaro devānāṃ saha dānavaiḥ) Bhāg.9.6.13; द्वितीयं कृतान्त- मिवाटन्तं व्याधमपश्यत् (dvitīyaṃ kṛtānta- mivāṭantaṃ vyādhamapaśyat) H.1.

2) fate, destiny; कृतान्त एव सौमित्रे द्रष्टव्यो मत्प्रवासने (kṛtānta eva saumitre draṣṭavyo matpravāsane) Rām.2.22.15; क्रूरस्तस्मिन्नपि न सहते संगमं नौ कृतान्तः (krūrastasminnapi na sahate saṃgamaṃ nau kṛtāntaḥ) Me.17.

3) a demonstrated conclusion, dogma, a proved doctrine; दैवं पुरुषकारश्च कृतान्ते- नोपपद्यते (daivaṃ puruṣakāraśca kṛtānte- nopapadyate) Mb.12.153.5; यथा लौकिकेषु वैदिकेषु च कृतान्तेषु (yathā laukikeṣu vaidikeṣu ca kṛtānteṣu) Mbh. on P.I.1.1,56; साङ्ख्ये कृतान्ते प्रोक्तानि (sāṅkhye kṛtānte proktāni) Bg.18.13.

4) a sinful or inauspicious action.

5) an epithet of Saturn.

6) Saturday.

7) the inevitable result of former actions.

8) the second lunar mansion.

9) the number 'two'. °कुशल (kuśala) an astrologer; आधिराज्येऽभिषेको मे ब्राह्मणैः पतिना सह । कृतान्त- कुशलैरुक्तं तत्सर्वं वितथीकृतम् (ādhirājye'bhiṣeko me brāhmaṇaiḥ patinā saha | kṛtānta- kuśalairuktaṃ tatsarvaṃ vitathīkṛtam) Rām.6.48.14. °जनकः (janakaḥ) the sun.

Kṛtānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and anta (अन्त).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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