Kritanta, Kṛtānta, Krita-anta, Kritamta: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Kritanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtānta can be transliterated into English as Krtanta or Kritanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to Yama. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned Kṛtānta and Kāla to the door complex (entrance, dvāraśālā). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kritanta in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—One of the eleven rākṣasas facing the eleven rudras in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—A son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 18.

1b) A name of Yama.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 148. 30.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त) refers to the “terminal (letter)” (in the middle), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.28cd-33]—“Now, I shall explain the limbs of the mantra, with which, tied together, he achieves perfection. The hṛdayamantra, [which] confers all perfections, is the letter that terminates in the middle (kṛtānta-madhyama) [j], followed by the fifth sovereign vowel [u], and summits with the conclusion of wind []. The śiras is terminal soma [v] joined with that from anala [y] and yoked with oṃ. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kṛtānta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त) refers to “Yama” (i.e. the god of death), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool, there is no embodied soul in the three worlds for whom the noose of Yama (kṛtānta) (i.e. the god of death) will not stretch on [their] neck. The sentient being descends into the path of Yama’s lion which is irresistible. He certainly is not protected even by the energetic 30”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kṛtānta.—(EI 3), same as siddhānta. Note: kṛtānta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛtānta (कृतांत).—m (S) A name of Yama, Regent of the dead; or Death personified. Ex. śikṣā lāvīna kṛtāntāsi || vighna karūṃ āliyā ||. Hence (or kṛtānta- kāla) Any terrific, terrible, dreadful (man or other object). 2 Fate or destiny. 3 A demonstrated conclusion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṛtānta (कृतांत).—m A name of yama Fate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—a. bringing to an end, terminating. (-taḥ) 1 Yama, the god of death; कृतान्त आसीत्समरो देवानां सह दानवैः (kṛtānta āsītsamaro devānāṃ saha dānavaiḥ) Bhāgavata 9.6.13; द्वितीयं कृतान्त- मिवाटन्तं व्याधमपश्यत् (dvitīyaṃ kṛtānta- mivāṭantaṃ vyādhamapaśyat) H.1.

2) fate, destiny; कृतान्त एव सौमित्रे द्रष्टव्यो मत्प्रवासने (kṛtānta eva saumitre draṣṭavyo matpravāsane) Rām.2.22.15; क्रूरस्तस्मिन्नपि न सहते संगमं नौ कृतान्तः (krūrastasminnapi na sahate saṃgamaṃ nau kṛtāntaḥ) Meghadūta 17.

3) a demonstrated conclusion, dogma, a proved doctrine; दैवं पुरुषकारश्च कृतान्ते- नोपपद्यते (daivaṃ puruṣakāraśca kṛtānte- nopapadyate) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.153.5; यथा लौकिकेषु वैदिकेषु च कृतान्तेषु (yathā laukikeṣu vaidikeṣu ca kṛtānteṣu) Mahābhārata on P.I.1.1,56; साङ्ख्ये कृतान्ते प्रोक्तानि (sāṅkhye kṛtānte proktāni) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.13.

4) a sinful or inauspicious action.

5) an epithet of Saturn.

6) Saturday.

7) the inevitable result of former actions.

8) the second lunar mansion.

9) the number 'two'. °कुशल (kuśala) an astrologer; आधिराज्येऽभिषेको मे ब्राह्मणैः पतिना सह । कृतान्त- कुशलैरुक्तं तत्सर्वं वितथीकृतम् (ādhirājye'bhiṣeko me brāhmaṇaiḥ patinā saha | kṛtānta- kuśalairuktaṃ tatsarvaṃ vitathīkṛtam) Rām.6.48.14. °जनकः (janakaḥ) the sun.

Kṛtānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and anta (अन्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. A name of Yama, son of Surya, and regent of the dead, or death personified. 2. Destiny, that is, the inevitable result of actions done in a past existence. 3. A demonstrated conclusion, proved or established doctrine. 4. Sinful or inauspicious action. 5. Saturday, which is considered as an unlucky day. f.

(-ntā) A perfume: see reṇukā. E. kṛta act, (actum) done, anta end, destruction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—I. adj., f. , deciding, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 6, 13. Ii. m. 1. fate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 41, 1. 2. a name of the God of Death, [Hitopadeśa] 9, 6. 3. a proved doctrine, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 13. Keśa-, m. 1. the end of the hair, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 8, 2. 2. a tuft of hair, [Pañcatantra] 245, 12. 3. hair, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 35, 21. 4. the ceremony of cutting the hair, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 65.

Kṛtānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and anta (अन्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त).—[adjective] causing an end, finishing ([feminine] ī perished, vanished*); [masculine] matter, cause, conclusion, dogma; fate, destiny, the god of death.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtānta (कृतान्त):—[from kṛta > kṛ] a mfn. causing an end, bringing to an end, leading to a decisive termination, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 6, 13]

2) [v.s. ...] whose end is action, W

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘the inevitable result of actions done in a past existence’, destiny, fate, [Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra; Meghadūta; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

4) [v.s. ...] death personified, Name of Yama (god of death), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Hitopadeśa]

5) [v.s. ...] a demonstrated conclusion, dogma, [Bhagavad-gītā xviii, 13]

6) [v.s. ...] a conclusion, [Mahābhārata xii, 218, 27]

7) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) a fixed form or name (?), [Patañjali [Introduction]] (on [vArttika] 1) and on [Pāṇini 1-1, 1], [vArttika] 4

8) [v.s. ...] a sinful or inauspicious action, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] ‘closing the week’, Saturday, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Kṛtāntā (कृतान्ता):—[from kṛtānta > kṛta > kṛ] f. a kind of medicinal drug or perfume (= reṇukā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Kṛtānta (कृतान्त):—[from kṛ] b etc. See kṛta.

12) c kṛtārtha See p. 303, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त):—[kṛtā+nta] (ntaḥ) 1. m. Yāma, death; destiny; established truth; bad conduct; Saturday, an unlucky day. f. (ntā) A perfume.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṛtānta (कृतान्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kayaṃta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kritanta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛtāṃta (ಕೃತಾಂತ):—[adjective] brought to an end; terminated.

--- OR ---

Kṛtāṃta (ಕೃತಾಂತ):—

1) [noun] a demonstrated conclusion; a proved doctrine; a dogma.

2) [noun] what will necessarily happen to any person as a consequence of his or her deeds; the seemingly inevitable or necessary succession of events; destiny; fate.

3) [noun] Yama, the God of Death.

4) [noun] a morally, socially or socially wicked action.

5) [noun] the seventh of the nine planets supposed to rule the destiny of all beings; the Saturn.

6) [noun] the seventh of the seven days of the week; Saturday.

7) [noun] Bharaṇi, the second of the twenty seven lunar mansions.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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