Kritaghna, Kṛtaghna, Krita-ghna: 18 definitions


Kritaghna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtaghna can be transliterated into English as Krtaghna or Kritaghna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Krataghn.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न) is a Sanskrit word referring to “the person who does not acknowledge the good done to him”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.214)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—See under Dhanaśarman.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न) refers to “destructive”, and is mentioned in verse 1.34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Kṛtaghna (“destructive, unmindful, of past services”) has been translated by byas-pa mi bzo (“not remembering past services”) For 630 CD have substituted the commoner gzo; cf. Mahāvyutpatti 2357, where both spellings occur side by side.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न):—[kṛtaghnaḥ] Ungrateful

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न) refers to “ungrateful men”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Rāhu also presides over the most wicked in the family, over torturers, ungrateful men (kṛtaghna), thieves, persons who are untruthful, uncleanly and ungenerous; over ass-riders, duelists, persons of easily irritable temperament, infants in the womb and Cāṇḍālas. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न) refers to an “ungrateful person”, according to verse 6.21.14 of the Mokṣopāya.—Accordingly, as Bhuśuṇḍa said to Vasiṣṭha: “When mundane activity in the usual state of the world has fallen [into disarray] at the end of [the world's] duration, then I leave my nest like an ungrateful person  (kṛtaghna) [leaves] a good friend. I remain in the ether, all my conceptual thinking has disappeared, and my constitution and body are immobilized so that my mind is without habitual tendencies. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—a S (kṛta Done, ghna That breaks or destroys.) Ungrateful, unmindful of favors received. 2 That defeats or renders vain all adopted or performed measures or acts.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—a Ungrateful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—a.

1) ungrateful; Manusmṛti 4.214;8.89.

2) defeating all previous measures.

Kṛtaghna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and ghna (घ्न).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—mfn.

(-ghnaḥ-ghnī-ghnaṃ) 1. Ungrateful, not acknowledging former good offices. 2. Defeating or rendering vain all previous measures. E. kṛta what has been done, ghna killing, destroying.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—[kṛta + ghna], adj., f. , Who returns evil for good, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 214.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—[adjective] ungrateful (lit. killing benefits).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न):—[=kṛta-ghna] [from kṛta > kṛ] mf(ā)n. ‘destroying past services or benefits’, unmindful of (services) rendered, ungrateful, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa] etc., [Brahma-purāṇa] (sixteen kinds of ungrateful men are enumerated)

2) [v.s. ...] defeating or rendering vain all previous measures, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न):—[kṛta-ghna] (ghnaḥ-ghnā-ghnaṃ) a. Ungrateful.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kritaghna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न) [Also spelled krataghn]:—(a) ungrateful, thankless; ~[] ungratefulness, thanklessness.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritaghna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛtaghna (ಕೃತಘ್ನ):—[noun] an ungrateful man; an ingrate.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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