Krishanu, Kṛśānu: 18 definitions


Krishanu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛśānu can be transliterated into English as Krsanu or Krishanu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Krishanu in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kṛśānu (कृशानु).—The sage who stood guard over Soma at the Yajña conducted by sage Kutsa. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 16, Sūkta 112).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṛśānu (कृशानु).—An indefinite Agni in the second Vedi of the north. See samrāḍagni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 19.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Kṛśānu (कृशानु) represents the number 3 (three) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 3—kṛśānu] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kṛśānu (कृशानु) is another name for Citraka, a medicinal plant identified with (1) [white variety] Plumbago zeylanica Linn.; (2) [red variety] Plumbago rosea Linn. syn. or Plumbago indica Linn., both from the Plumbaginaceae or “leadwort” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.43-45 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Kṛśānu and Citraka, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kṛśānu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: kṛśānu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Krishanu in India is the name of a plant defined with Plumbago zeylanica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Plumbago zeylanica var. glaucescens Boiss. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1762)
· Flora of Southern Africa (1963)
· Taxon (1979)
· Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden (1985)
· Fontqueria (1987)
· Fieldiana, Botany (1966)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Krishanu, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛṣānu (कृषानु).—m S kṛśānana n S Fire. Ex. kṛśānana pravē- śēla śuṣka indhanīṃ ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṛṣānu (कृषानु).—n kṛśānana n Fire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛśānu (कृशानु).—[kṛś ānuk; Uṇādi-sūtra 4.2] Fire; गुरोः कृशानुप्रतिमाद्बिभेषि (guroḥ kṛśānupratimādbibheṣi) R.2.49;7.24;1.74; Kumārasambhava 1.51; Bhartṛhari 2.17.

Derivable forms: kṛśānuḥ (कृशानुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛśānu (कृशानु).—m.

(-nuḥ) 1. A name of fire 2. A plant, (Plumbago zeylanica.) E. kṛś to make thin, ānuka Unadi aff.

--- OR ---

Kṛṣāṇu (कृषाणु).—m.

(-ṇuḥ) A name of fire: see kṛśānu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛśānu (कृशानु).—[kṛś + ānu], m. 1. A name of fire, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 67. 2. A proper name, Chr. 297, 21 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛśānu (कृशानु).—[adjective] bending the bow, shooting; [masculine] archer, [especially] a cert. divine archer, also [Epithet] of Agni, in l.l. fire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛśānu (कृशानु):—[from kṛśānavaka] m. ([from] √kṛś for kṛṣ?), ‘bending the bow’, Name applied to a good archer (connected with astṛ, ‘an archer’, though sometimes used alone; Kṛśānu, according to some, is a divine being, in character like Rudra or identified with him; armed with the lightning he defends the ‘heavenly’ Soma from the hawk, who tries to steal and bear it from heaven to earth), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā iv, 27; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa iii, 26]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Agni or fire, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā v, 32; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra vi, 12, 3]

3) [v.s. ...] (hence) fire, [Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava; Bhartṛhari]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xliii, 54]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Gandharva

6) [v.s. ...] Plumbago Zeylanica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Kṛṣāṇu (कृषाणु):—for kṛśānu q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛśānu (कृशानु):—(nuḥ) 1. m. Fire; a plant (Plumbago zeylanica).

2) Kṛṣāṇu (कृषाणु):—(ṇuḥ) 1. m. Fire.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṛśānu (कृशानु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kisāṇu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Krishanu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛśānu (ಕೃಶಾನು):—

1) [noun] fire.

2) [noun] the plant Plumbago zeylanica of Plumbaginaceae family; white lead wort.

3) [noun] (pros.) a meter with two long syllables with one short in between (-u-).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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