Kritayuga, aka: Kṛtayuga, Krita-yuga; 5 Definition(s)
Kritayuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Kṛtayuga can be transliterated into English as Krtayuga or Kritayuga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—There are four Yugas (Eras) called Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali yugas. (For the set up etc. of the Yugas see under Manvantara).
In the first Yuga, i.e. Kṛta yuga, people will be quite righteous. As the Yugas change righteousness will fade out in increasing measure till the world will be filled with unrighteousness and evil by the time it is Kaliyuga. When Kaliyuga is completed Mahāviṣṇu will incarnate himself as Kalki and wipe out unrighteousness and establish Kṛtayuga once again.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—(also kṛta)—commences when the sun, moon and Bṛhaspati are in one, and the same rāśī. Its characteristic features.1 Form of Hari as worshipped in this yuga, and worship by contemplation.2 Etymologically people in this age are kṛtakṛtyas. Hari took the form of a vṛṣa (bull) for the manifestation of dharma. Haṃsa was the caste name of men.3 Its duration; repeats at the end of Kaliyuga. Pitṛs are worshipped.4 Physical and moral state of world in; duration 4000 divine years; sandhya, and sandhyāṃśa 108 years; dhyāna important in; sandhyāṃśa 400 = prakrīyāpāda;5 after Kali with seven sages; at the beginning man in Kalinga;6 pertaining to the Brahmanas; Vedas honoured.7 People with no restrictions lived on roots and fruits enjoying sexual bliss; jñāna.8
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 24; 3. 18-19, 27.
- 2) Ib. XI. 5. 21-23; IX. 10. 52; XII. 3. 52.
- 3) Ib. XI. 17. 10-11.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 69; 29. 24-31; 31. 103. 11; III. 14. 46-7; 74. 225; Matsya-purāṇa 1. 34; 142. 19 and 24; 144. 90; 145. 6-7; 165. 1.
- 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 32-67.
- 6) Ib. 58. 103, 110.
- 7) Ib. 78. 36-7.
- 8) Ib. 99. 413. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 21, 45-59.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or simply Kṛta refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kṛta-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—n (S) The first of the four ages of the world, the satyayuga.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—the first (golden) of the four ages.
Derivable forms: kṛtayugam (कृतयुगम्).
Kṛtayuga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and yuga (युग).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Yuga (युग) refers to the tradition where historical time is divided into four ages (yuga), viz....
Kaliyuga (कलियुग) is a specific period of time, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.1.—Accordingly...
Kṛta (कृत) is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 28. Ac...
Satyayuga (सत्ययुग).—Another name of Kṛtayuga. (See under Kṛtayuga).
Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) refers to a time period consisting of three times the amount of one ...
Kṛtānta.—(EI 3), same as siddhānta. Note: kṛtānta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossa...
Kṛtamālā (कृतमाला).—The river in which Mahāviṣṇu first appeared as fish. (See under Matsyāvatār...
Dvāparayuga (द्वापरयुग) refers to a time period consisting of two times the amount of one ...
Caturyuga (चतुर्युग) refers to a time period consisting of four times the amount of one Ka...
Kṛtakṛtya (कृतकृत्य).—a. 1) who has accomplished his object; Bg.15.2. 2) satisfied, contented; ...
Yugānta (युगान्त).—1) the end of the yoke. 2) the end of an age, end or destruction of the worl...
Kṛtaghna (कृतघ्न).—See under Dhanaśarman.
Sukṛta.—(CII 1), a good deed. Note: sukṛta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as ...
Yuga-ādi.—(CII 4; IA 18), name applied to certain tithis; day of the commencement of a yuga; e....
Kṛtākṛta (कृताकृत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Done in part, not completed. 2. Committed and omitted...
Search found 21 books and stories containing Kritayuga, Kṛtayuga or Krita-yuga. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CXLVIII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CLXI < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CXLI < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 7 - Knowledge about the world < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 29 - Cycle of Yugas: characteristics of Yugas < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 31 - Narration of the four Yugas: castes and stages of life < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter LXXXIII < [Book XII - Śaśāṅkavatī]