Kritayuga, aka: Kṛtayuga, Krita-yuga; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kritayuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtayuga can be transliterated into English as Krtayuga or Kritayuga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—(also kṛta)—commences when the sun, moon and Bṛhaspati are in one, and the same rāśī. Its characteristic features.1 Form of Hari as worshipped in this yuga, and worship by contemplation.2 Etymologically people in this age are kṛtakṛtyas. Hari took the form of a vṛṣa (bull) for the manifestation of dharma. Haṃsa was the caste name of men.3 Its duration; repeats at the end of Kaliyuga. Pitṛs are worshipped.4 Physical and moral state of world in; duration 4000 divine years; sandhya, and sandhyāṃśa 108 years; dhyāna important in; sandhyāṃśa 400 = prakrīyāpāda;5 after Kali with seven sages; at the beginning man in Kalinga;6 pertaining to the Brahmanas; Vedas honoured.7 People with no restrictions lived on roots and fruits enjoying sexual bliss; jñāna.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 24; 3. 18-19, 27.
  • 2) Ib. XI. 5. 21-23; IX. 10. 52; XII. 3. 52.
  • 3) Ib. XI. 17. 10-11.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 69; 29. 24-31; 31. 103. 11; III. 14. 46-7; 74. 225; Matsya-purāṇa 1. 34; 142. 19 and 24; 144. 90; 145. 6-7; 165. 1.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 32-67.
  • 6) Ib. 58. 103, 110.
  • 7) Ib. 78. 36-7.
  • 8) Ib. 99. 413. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 21, 45-59.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or simply Kṛta refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kṛta-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—n (S) The first of the four ages of the world, the satyayuga.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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