Kritayuga, Kṛtayuga, Krita-yuga: 12 definitions


Kritayuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtayuga can be transliterated into English as Krtayuga or Kritayuga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kritayuga in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or Prathamayuga refers to the formost of Yuga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.2 (“The Prayer of the gods).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “[...] Among sacrifices you are the horse-sacrifice. Among the Yugas you are the Kṛta Yuga (prathamayuga) [yugānāṃ prathamo yugaḥ]; among the asterisms you are Puṣya; among the Tithis you are Amāvāsyā. Among the seasons you are the spring; among holy occasions you are the Saṃkrama; among grasses you are the Kuśa grass; among gross trees you are the Banyan tree. [...]”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—There are four Yugas (Eras) called Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali yugas. (For the set up etc. of the Yugas see under Manvantara).

In the first Yuga, i.e. Kṛta yuga, people will be quite righteous. As the Yugas change righteousness will fade out in increasing measure till the world will be filled with unrighteousness and evil by the time it is Kaliyuga. When Kaliyuga is completed Mahāviṣṇu will incarnate himself as Kalki and wipe out unrighteousness and establish Kṛtayuga once again.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—(also kṛta)—commences when the sun, moon and Bṛhaspati are in one, and the same rāśī. Its characteristic features.1 Form of Hari as worshipped in this yuga, and worship by contemplation.2 Etymologically people in this age are kṛtakṛtyas. Hari took the form of a vṛṣa (bull) for the manifestation of dharma. Haṃsa was the caste name of men.3 Its duration; repeats at the end of Kaliyuga. Pitṛs are worshipped.4 Physical and moral state of world in; duration 4000 divine years; sandhya, and sandhyāṃśa 108 years; dhyāna important in; sandhyāṃśa 400 = prakrīyāpāda;5 after Kali with seven sages; at the beginning man in Kalinga;6 pertaining to the Brahmanas; Vedas honoured.7 People with no restrictions lived on roots and fruits enjoying sexual bliss; jñāna.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 24; 3. 18-19, 27.
  • 2) Ib. XI. 5. 21-23; IX. 10. 52; XII. 3. 52.
  • 3) Ib. XI. 17. 10-11.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 69; 29. 24-31; 31. 103. 11; III. 14. 46-7; 74. 225; Matsya-purāṇa 1. 34; 142. 19 and 24; 144. 90; 145. 6-7; 165. 1.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 32-67.
  • 6) Ib. 58. 103, 110.
  • 7) Ib. 78. 36-7.
  • 8) Ib. 99. 413. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 21, 45-59.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kritayuga in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or Kṛta refers to the age associated with Oḍḍiyāna, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The Kumārikākhaṇḍa displays most of the many new developments that took place after the revelation of the Kubjikāmatatantra including those concerning the sacred seats. [...] Although the seats are the same five described in the Kubjikāmatatantra and its expansions, their contents [i.e., the Kṛtayuga] and the beings who inhabit them are quite different.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kritayuga in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or simply Kṛta refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., kṛta-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritayuga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—n (S) The first of the four ages of the world, the satyayuga.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritayuga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—the first (golden) of the four ages.

Derivable forms: kṛtayugam (कृतयुगम्).

Kṛtayuga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and yuga (युग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—n. = satya-yuga, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 85.

Kṛtayuga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and yuga (युग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग):—[=kṛta-yuga] [from kṛta > kṛ] n. the first of the four ages of the world, golden age, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Sūryasiddhānta] (See kṛta above)

[Sanskrit to German]

Kritayuga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritayuga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛtayuga (ಕೃತಯುಗ):—[noun] = ಕೃತ [krita]2 - 1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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