Haritaki, aka: Harītakī; 9 Definition(s)


Haritaki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Haritaki in Ayurveda glossaries]

Harītakī (हरीतकी):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Yellow myrobalan tree”, a deciduous tree from the Combretaceae family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Terminalia chebula and there are seven different varieties:

  1. Vijayā – (found in Vindhya mountain range)
  2. Rohiṇi – (found in Pratishtanaka)
  3. Pūtanā – (found in Sindh area)
  4. Amṛtā – (found in Champa, Bhagalpur area)
  5. Abhayā – (found in Champa, Bhagalpur area)
  6. Jivanti – (found in Saurashtra region of Gujarath)
  7. Chetaki – (found in Himachal Pradesh)

This plant (Harītakī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Pathyā and Abhayā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Triphalā group of medicinal drugs.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Harītakī (हरीतकी).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The name is significant as it destroys (harati) all doṣas and eliminates malas (faeces etc). It also promotes dhātus.

(Source): Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

It is also suggested that intake of Harītakī (Terminalia chebula) with different anupānas (vehicles) in different seasons not only helps to prevent seasonal diseases but also helps in regeneration of diseased cells.

(Source): PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

Haritaki (Terminalia chebula Retz., Family: Combretaceae) possesses a great therapeutic value and is widely distributed in India, up to an altitude of 1500 m. Though Terminalia chebula Retz is the only botanical source of Haritaki, the uses of its varieties along with their sources, identifying features and therapeutic uses are described in Ayurvedic classics and other medical literature. In Ayurveda seven varieties of Haritaki fruits, namely, Vijaya, Rohini, Putana, Amrita, Abhaya, Jivanti, and Chetaki has been described.

(Source): PMC: Haritaki (Chebulic myrobalan) and its varieties
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of haritaki in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Haritaki in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Harītakī (हरीतकी) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Terminalia chebula (black myrobalan) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as harītakī).”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Haritaki in Pali glossaries]

harītakī : (f.) yellow myrobalan.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Haritaki in Marathi glossaries]

harītakī (हरीतकी).—f S pop. harttakī f Yellow or chebulic myrobalan, Terminalia chebula. Seven varieties are distinguished. See sapta harītakī.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

harītakī (हरीतकी).—f Yellow myrobalan.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Haritaki in Sanskrit glossaries]

Harītakī (हरीतकी).—The yellow myrobalan tree (Mar. bāḷahiraḍā); सौवर्चलं यवक्षारं सर्जिकां च हरीतकीम् (sauvarcalaṃ yavakṣāraṃ sarjikāṃ ca harītakīm) Śiva B.3.17.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of haritaki in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 30 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Guḍaharītakī (गुडहरीतकी).—myrobalan preserved in molasses (Mar. murāṃvaḷā).Guḍaharītakī is a Sa...
1) Amṛtā (अमृता) is another name for Guḍūcī, a medicinal plant identified with Tinospora cordif...
1) Vijaya (विजय) is the name of a sacred mountain range in Kaśmīra, according to in the Kathāsa...
Abhaya (अभय) is the son of king Bimbisāra and Āmrapāli according to the Sarvāstivādin Vina...
Anantā (अनन्ता) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth...
Rohiṇī (रोहिणी) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa verse 710. As re...
1) Pūtanā (पूतना).—A demoness who was killed by Kṛṣṇa at Ambāḍi. Her previous birth, her relati...
Triphala refers to a combination of the three fruits, viz, haritaki, amalaki, and bibhitaki. (s...
Pathyā (पथ्या) is another name for Vandhyākarkoṭakī, a medicinal plant identified with Momordic...
Āmalakī (आमलकी).—1) The tree, Emblic Myrobalan, Emblica Officinalis Gaertn (Mar. āṃvaḷā).2) Nam...
Bākula (बाकुल) is another name for the Bhikṣu Bakkula, whose story occurs during the time of Bu...
Vakula (वकुल) or Vākula is another name for the Bhikṣu Bakkula, whose story occurs during ...
Mūrchana (मूर्छन, “swooning”) refers to “swooning or making mercury lose its form” and represen...
Ceṭaka (चेटक) refers to “using someone as a slave” and represents one of the various siddhis (p...
Kālyā (काल्या).—(KĀLĪ). Mother of Vyāsa. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

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