Haritaki, Harītakī: 18 definitions

Introduction

Haritaki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Harītakī (हरीतकी):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Yellow myrobalan tree”, a deciduous tree from the Combretaceae family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Terminalia chebula and there are seven different varieties:

  1. Vijayā – (found in Vindhya mountain range)
  2. Rohiṇi – (found in Pratishtanaka)
  3. Pūtanā – (found in Sindh area)
  4. Amṛtā – (found in Champa, Bhagalpur area)
  5. Abhayā – (found in Champa, Bhagalpur area)
  6. Jivanti – (found in Saurashtra region of Gujarath)
  7. Chetaki – (found in Himachal Pradesh)

This plant (Harītakī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Pathyā and Abhayā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Triphalā group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Harītakī (हरीतकी).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—The name is significant as it destroys (harati) all doṣas and eliminates malas (faeces etc). It also promotes dhātus.

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

It is also suggested that intake of Harītakī (Terminalia chebula) with different anupānas (vehicles) in different seasons not only helps to prevent seasonal diseases but also helps in regeneration of diseased cells.

Source: PMC: Haritaki (Chebulic myrobalan) and its varieties

Haritaki (Terminalia chebula Retz., Family: Combretaceae) possesses a great therapeutic value and is widely distributed in India, up to an altitude of 1500 m. Though Terminalia chebula Retz is the only botanical source of Haritaki, the uses of its varieties along with their sources, identifying features and therapeutic uses are described in Ayurvedic classics and other medical literature. In Ayurveda seven varieties of Haritaki fruits, namely, Vijaya, Rohini, Putana, Amrita, Abhaya, Jivanti, and Chetaki has been described.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Hārītakī (हारीतकी) refers to a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Bhelasaṃhitā, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] Bhela especially recommends the use of āmalaka before food, hārītakī after the food and vibhītakī after the digestion of the food.

2) Hārītakī (हारीतकी) refers to a type of spices according to Arthaśāstra II.15.21.—Arthaśāstra refers to the spices like śṛṅgibera, ajāji, kirītatikta, gaura, sarṣapa, kustumaburu, coraka, damanaka, maruvaka, śigru, harītakī and meṣaśṛṅga.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Harītakī (हरीतकी) refers to a medicinal plant known as Terminalia chebula Retz., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Harītakī). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Haritakī (हरितकी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Terminalia chebula (Gaetn.), Retz., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Haritakī] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Harītakī (हरीतकी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Terminalia chebula, P., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Harītakī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Harītakī (हरीतकी) (or Abhayā, Pathyā) (one of the Triphala) refers to the medicinal plant Terminalia chebula Retz., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Harītakī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Harītakī (हरीतकी) is another name for “Abhayā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning harītakī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of haritaki in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Harītakī (हरीतकी) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Terminalia chebula (black myrobalan) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as harītakī).”

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (H) next»] — Haritaki in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Harītakī (हरीतकी) refers to one of the myrobalans, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “by making gifts of Harītakī (one of the myrobalans), chillies, cloth, milk etc. and by installing Brahman, the alleviation of consumption is brought about”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (H) next»] — Haritaki in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

harītakī : (f.) yellow myrobalan.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

harītakī (हरीतकी).—f S pop. harttakī f Yellow or chebulic myrobalan, Terminalia chebula. Seven varieties are distinguished. See sapta harītakī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

harītakī (हरीतकी).—f Yellow myrobalan.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Harītakī (हरीतकी).—The yellow myrobalan tree (Mar. bāḷahiraḍā); सौवर्चलं यवक्षारं सर्जिकां च हरीतकीम् (sauvarcalaṃ yavakṣāraṃ sarjikāṃ ca harītakīm) Śiva B.3.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harītakī (हरीतकी).—f. (-kī) Yellow or Chebulic myrobalan, (Terminalia chebula:) seven varieties of this are distinguished. E. hari green, (colour,) ita gone, got, kan added, fem. aff. ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haritakī (हरितकी):—[from haritaka > hari] f. Terminalia Chebula, [Divyāvadāna]

2) Harītakī (हरीतकी):—[from hari] f. (rarely ka mn.) the yellow Myrobalan tree, Terminalia Chebula (28 synonyms and seven varieties are enumerated; the fruit is used for dyeing yellow and as a laxative), [Suśruta; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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