Uttaraphalguni, Uttaraphalgunī, Uttara-phalguni: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Uttaraphalguni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaraphalguni in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Uttaraphalgunī (उत्तरफल्गुनी):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Uttaraphalgunīnakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Uttaraphalgunī means “the second (reddish) one” and is associated with the deity known as Aryamā (God of vows). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Sūrya (Sun).

Indian zodiac: |26°40' Siṃha| – |10° Kanyā|
Siṃha (सिंह, “lion”) corresponds with Leo and Kanyā (कन्या, “girl”) corresponds with Virgo.

Western zodiac: |22°40' Virgo| – |6° Libra|
Virgo corresponds with Kanyā (कन्या, “girl”) and Libra corresponds with Tulā (तुला, “balance”). 

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaraphalguni in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Uttaraphālguṇī (उत्तरफाल्गुणी) refers to the twelfth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., uttaraphālguṇī) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaraphalguni in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Uttaraphālgunī (उत्तरफाल्गुनी) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Uttaraphālgunī is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Yi, Tibetan Dbo and modern Leonis.

Uttaraphālgunī is classified in the third group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (e.g., Uttaraphālgunī), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse, this trembling extends as far as the Garuḍa. Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are unjust”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Uttarāphālgunī (उत्तराफाल्गुनी) refers to the twelfth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Uttarāphālgunī] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Uttarāphālgunī is given the colour green as priyaṅgu].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaraphalguni in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

uttarāphālgunī (उत्तराफाल्गुनी).—f (S) The twelfth lunar mansion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaraphalguni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uttaraphālgunī (उत्तरफाल्गुनी).—f. (-nī) The twelfth lular mansion containing two stars, figured by a bed. E. uttara subsequent, and phālgunī or phalgunī an asterism; hence it also occurs uttaraphalgunī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uttaraphalgunī (उत्तरफल्गुनी):—[=uttara-phalgunī] [from uttara > ut-tama] f. Name of lunar mansions (cf. proṣṭhapadā, phalgunī.)

2) Uttaraphālgunī (उत्तरफाल्गुनी):—[=uttara-phālgunī] [from uttara > ut-tama] f. Name of lunar mansions (cf. proṣṭhapadā, phalgunī.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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