Haritala, Haritāla, Hari-tala: 14 definitions
Haritala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Haritāla (हरिताल):—Another name for Tālaka (‘orpiment’), which is one of the eight uparasa (a group of eight minerals), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Haritāla (हरिताल) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral found in volcanic fumaroles. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is also known by the name Tālaka.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Haritāla (हरिताल).—(Ṃ) A mineral (yellow orpiment) got from mountains, which is red like the clouds at dusk. (Vana Parva, Chapter 158, 94).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Haritāla (हरिताल) refers to “orpiment”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (e.g., haritāla). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
haritāla : (nt.) yellow orpiment.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Haritāla refers to: yellow orpiment Th.2, 393; DhA.III, 29; IV, 113;
Note: haritāla is a Pali compound consisting of the words hari and tāla.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
haritāla (हरिताल).—m n (S) Yellow orpiment.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Haritāla (हरिताल).—&c. See under हरि (hari).
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Haritāla (हरिताल).—(by some regarded as derived from harita) a kind of yellow-coloured pigeon.
-lam yellow orpiment; अचल एष भवानिव राजते स हरितालसमान नवांशुकः (acala eṣa bhavāniva rājate sa haritālasamāna navāṃśukaḥ) Śi.4.21; Ku.7.23,33; पारदं हारतालं च (pāradaṃ hāratālaṃ ca) ...... Siva B.3.19; H. D.1. (-lī) 1 the Dūrvā grass.
Derivable forms: haritālaḥ (हरितालः).
Haritāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hari and tāla (ताल).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laṃ) Yellow orpiment. f. (-lī) 1. Bent grass, (Panicum dactylon.) 2. A streak or line in the sky, the milky way. 3. A sort of creeper. 4. A kind of pigeon. E. harita green, al to possess or adorn, aff. aṇ, fem. aff. ṅīṣ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Haritāla (हरिताल).—i. e. harita + āla, I. n. Yellow orpiment. Ii. f. lī. 1. Bent grass. 2. A line in the sky. 3. A sort of creeper.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Haritāla (हरिताल).—[neuter] auripigment; maya, [feminine] ī made of it.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Haritāla (हरिताल):—[from hari] m. a kind of pigeon of a yellowish green colour, Columba Hurriyala, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [from hari] n. yellow orpiment or sulphuret of arsenic (described as the seed or seminal energy of Viṣṇu = harer vīryam), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Haritāla (हरिताल):—(laṃ) 1. n. Yellow orpiment. f. (ī) Bent grass; streak in the sky (milky way); a creeper.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Haritāla (हरिताल):—(von harita)
1) m. eine Taubenart, Columba Hurriyala (s. [Haughton] unter hariyāla) [RĀJAVALLABHA im Śabdakalpadruma] —
2) f. ī a) = dūrvā Panicum Dactylon [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1193.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 300.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 167.] [Hārāvalī 240.] [Halāyudha 2, 36.] — b) Schwertklinge [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Bez. des 4ten (3ten) Tages in der lichten Hälfte des Bhādrapada [RĀJAMĀRTAṆḌA im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) eine best. Linie am Himmel [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] der Luftraum (chāyāpatha) [Hārāvalī] —
3) n. [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 3, 32.] Auripigment, Arsenicum flavum [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 9, 35.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1058.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 287.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 13, 67.] dhātavo haritālasya [Mahābhārata 3, 11617.] haritālārdrapīta [Harivaṃśa 4083.] darī [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 37, 7. 5, 5, 12.] [Suśruta 1, 132, 17. 133, 5. 2, 66, 2. 252, 5. 536, 16.] ārdra [Kumārasaṃbhava.7,23.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 44,9. 54,30. 110. 81,7.] [Hemacandra’s Yogaśāstra 3,108.] Inschr. in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6 ,505, Śloka 16.] [Oxforder Handschriften 320,b, No. 760.] — Vgl. āla und tāla .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+2): Haritalamaya, Haritalaka, Haridranga, Haribija, Ala, Haritalajanaka, Uparasa, Pindaharitala, Vamshapattraharitala, Harita, Haritalika, Talaka, Haratala, Haritaka, Upadhatu, Manahshila, Manosila, Gaura, Haritali, Prithvikaya.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Haritala, Haritāla, Hari-tala, Hari-tāla; (plurals include: Haritalas, Haritālas, talas, tālas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Haritala (orpiment) < [Chapter XII - Uparasa (13): Haritala (orpiment)]
Part 3 - Incineration of haritala < [Chapter XII - Uparasa (13): Haritala (orpiment)]
Part 7 - Transformation of base metals into gold by haritala < [Chapter XII - Uparasa (13): Haritala (orpiment)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 3 - Incineration of tin < [Chapter VI - Metals (6): Vanga (tin)]
Part 3 - Incineration of silver < [Chapter II - Metals (2): Raupya (silver)]
Part 12 - Dosage of taking iron < [Chapter IV - Metals (4): Lauha (iron)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Additional process for transformation of base metals into gold and silver < [Chapter VIII - Conclusion of first volume]
Part 3 - Drawing of a hexagonal lotus diagram < [Chapter II - Initiation of Disciple]
Part 20 - Mercurial operations (18): Transformation of base metals into gold by mercury (bedhana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 19 - Directions for preparing a medicine with ingredients more than one < [Chapter I - General health prescriptions]
Treatment for fever (60): Kalagni-bhairava rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Part 2 - Dietary prescriptions < [Chapter I - General health prescriptions]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXXII - Treatment of an attack by Putana-graha < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XXX - Treatment of an attack by Shakuni-graha < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter LX - Symptoms and Treatment of demonology (Amanusha) < [Canto IV - Bhuta-vidya-tantra (psychology and psychiatry)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)