Haritala, aka: Haritāla, Hari-tala; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Haritala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Haritala in Rasashastra glossaries]

Haritāla (हरिताल):—Another name for Tālaka (‘orpiment’), which is one of the eight uparasa (a group of eight minerals), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Haritala in Ayurveda glossaries]

Haritāla (हरिताल) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral found in volcanic fumaroles. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is also known by the name Tālaka.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

[Haritala in Purana glossaries]

Haritāla (हरिताल).—(Ṃ) A mineral (yellow orpiment) got from mountains, which is red like the clouds at dusk. (Vana Parva, Chapter 158, 94).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Haritala in Jainism glossaries]

Haritāla (हरिताल) refers to “orpiment”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (eg., haritāla). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

(Source): archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Haritala in Pali glossaries]

haritāla : (nt.) yellow orpiment.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Haritala in Marathi glossaries]

haritāla (हरिताल).—m n (S) Yellow orpiment.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Haritala in Sanskrit glossaries]

Haritāla (हरिताल).—&c. See under हरि (hari).

--- OR ---

Haritāla (हरिताल).—(by some regarded as derived from harita) a kind of yellow-coloured pigeon.

-lam yellow orpiment; अचल एष भवानिव राजते स हरितालसमान नवांशुकः (acala eṣa bhavāniva rājate sa haritālasamāna navāṃśukaḥ) Śi.4.21; Ku.7.23,33; पारदं हारतालं च (pāradaṃ hāratālaṃ ca) ...... Siva B.3.19; H. D.1. (-) 1 the Dūrvā grass.

Derivable forms: haritālaḥ (हरितालः).

Haritāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hari and tāla (ताल).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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