Haritala, Haritāla, Hari-tala: 12 definitions

Introduction

Haritala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Haritāla (हरिताल):—Another name for Tālaka (‘orpiment’), which is one of the eight uparasa (a group of eight minerals), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Haritāla (हरिताल) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral found in volcanic fumaroles. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is also known by the name Tālaka.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (H) next»] — Haritala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Haritāla (हरिताल).—(Ṃ) A mineral (yellow orpiment) got from mountains, which is red like the clouds at dusk. (Vana Parva, Chapter 158, 94).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Haritāla (हरिताल) refers to “orpiment”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (eg., haritāla). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (H) next»] — Haritala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

haritāla : (nt.) yellow orpiment.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Haritāla refers to: yellow orpiment Th.2, 393; DhA.III, 29; IV, 113;

Note: haritāla is a Pali compound consisting of the words hari and tāla.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haritāla (हरिताल).—m n (S) Yellow orpiment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haritāla (हरिताल).—&c. See under हरि (hari).

--- OR ---

Haritāla (हरिताल).—(by some regarded as derived from harita) a kind of yellow-coloured pigeon.

-lam yellow orpiment; अचल एष भवानिव राजते स हरितालसमान नवांशुकः (acala eṣa bhavāniva rājate sa haritālasamāna navāṃśukaḥ) Śi.4.21; Ku.7.23,33; पारदं हारतालं च (pāradaṃ hāratālaṃ ca) ...... Siva B.3.19; H. D.1. (-) 1 the Dūrvā grass.

Derivable forms: haritālaḥ (हरितालः).

Haritāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hari and tāla (ताल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haritāla (हरिताल).—n.

(-laṃ) Yellow orpiment. f. (-lī) 1. Bent grass, (Panicum dactylon.) 2. A streak or line in the sky, the milky way. 3. A sort of creeper. 4. A kind of pigeon. E. harita green, al to possess or adorn, aff. aṇ, fem. aff. ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haritāla (हरिताल).—i. e. harita + āla, I. n. Yellow orpiment. Ii. f. . 1. Bent grass. 2. A line in the sky. 3. A sort of creeper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haritāla (हरिताल).—[neuter] auripigment; maya, [feminine] ī made of it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haritāla (हरिताल):—[from hari] m. a kind of pigeon of a yellowish green colour, Columba Hurriyala, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [from hari] n. yellow orpiment or sulphuret of arsenic (described as the seed or seminal energy of Viṣṇu = harer vīryam), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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