Haridra, Hāridra, Haridrā: 33 definitions


Haridra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Haridrā (हरेणु, “yellow”) is a Sanskrit word translating to “turmeric”, a herb from the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It can also refer to the powder made from the root. It is also known by the name Varavarṇinī in Sanskrit, and as Haldī in Hindi. The official botanical name is Curcuma longa.

This plant (Haridrā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known as Rajanī or Niśā.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to a type of spices according to Atharvaveda VI. 109, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Spices referred to in Vedic literature are haridrā and pippalī. Dharmasūtra literature mentions other spices such as marica and hiṅgu.

2) Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the “yellow mushroom”, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. The Hāridra (yellow mushroom) foodstuff is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with Kṣaireya (pāyasa).

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: A Metallurgical Study of Nāga Bhasma

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Curcuma Longa Linn. and is used is in the metallurgical process for creating nāgabhasma, (Śodhana step):—Raw nāga (crude Lead-600 g) was subjected to śodhana by melting and pouring into a container of cūrṇodaka (lime water, strength 4.3 g/l) seven times. This śodhita-nāga (590 g) was again subjected to viśeṣa-śodhana (unique purification process specific to the metal) by following the above procedure and pouring into a mixture (decoction strength 250 g/l) of Nirguṇḍī (Vitex Negundo Linn.) svarasa and Haridrā (Curcuma Longa Linn.) cūrṇa for seven times. [...]

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Curcuma longa Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning haridrā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to “turmeric” and is used in the Viśodhana (“washing off the wound’s impurities”) of wounds (vraṇa), according to Āyurveda sections in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—[...] After Viśodhana (wash off the ulcer's/wound's impurities by medicated decoction), the following formulations can be used for śodhana (purification) and ropaṇa (healing) externally:—[... e.g.,] The eraṇḍa-mūla (Castor root), two types of haridrā (Turmeric), Citraka (Plumbago zeylanica), Viśvabheṣaja (Zingiber officinale), Rasona (Allium sativum) and saindhava (rock salt) are ground well with takra (butter milk) or kāñjī (sour gruel). [...]

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to an herbal ingredient included in a Recipe which will bring a dead person to life, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa prescribes various antidotes to quell the poison by administering them through nasal drugs, collyrium, ointment, herbal drinks and diet. One antidote he suggests doubles up as a nasal application and collyrium—[including for example, haridrā] [...], made with urine (bovine) which will bring to life, a dead person.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

Haridrā (Curcuma longa): In Caraka Samhitā, Haridrā has been classified as curative of skin diseases (Kuṣṭhaghna), anti-obesity and scarifying (Lekhanīya), antidote to poisoning (Viśaghna) and has been recommended for the treatment of jaundice, cough, coryza, senility and impaired vision.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to a medicinal plant known as Curcuma longa, and is used in the treatment of poison (viṣa), according to in the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The author has given a detailed description of types of [snake-] bite mark and the corresponding causes and prognosis. [...] Eight different confirmatory tests for impending death are described. One of them is as follows: Juice of Haridrā (Curcuma longa) and oil should be equally given orally. If it remains in stomach, he will live but if the mixture goes through the GI tract and is seen in the anal region, death can be assured.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Curcuma longa, Linn., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Haridrā] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Hāridra (हारिद्र):—[hāridraṃ] Yellow like Turmeric

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Haridra in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Hāridra (हारिद्र) refers to “gold” or “turmeric”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 6.45; 7.13.—(“hāridrabhaṅgāya; hāridranibhaprabhā”).—Nārāyaṇa and Vidyā (on 6.45) explain Hāridra as “gold”. Otherwise it is to be derived from Haridrā (“turmeric”).

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Haridra (हरिद्र) refers to the color “yellow”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipsed disc should appear yellow resembling the topaz in colour, the Vaiśyas will perish and there will be prosperity in the land. If the disc should appear to be burning, there will be fear from fire; if it should resemble gold ore, there will be wars in the land. If the disc should appear black resembling the colour of the stem of dūrvā grass (Agrostis linearis) or yellow [i.e., haridra], there will be much death in the land. If of the colour of the flower pāṭali (Bignonia Suaveolenis) ‘trumpet flower’ there will be fear from lightning”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Haridra (हरिद्र) refers to “powdered turmeric” (used for besmearing the moustache), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.36 (“The statements of the seven sages”).—Accordingly, after the Seven Sages spoke to Himavat (Himācala): “[...] The great chaste lady Arundhatī tempted Menā further with Śiva’s good qualities. According to the worldly convention they smeared the moustache of the mountain with powdered turmeric (haridra) and saffron as an auspicious custom. After fixing the auspicious Lagna for the marriage and congratulating and complimenting one another the sages came to Śiva’s abode on the fourth day. After reaching the place, Vasiṣṭha and other sages bowed to Śiva and eulogised Him with different hymns. They then spoke to lord Śiva”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) is classified as a “tree beneficial for the construction of temples”, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The eco-friendly suggestions of Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa are seen to protect the greenery and to balance a pollution free environment. [...] The architect is suggested to go to the forest to collect appropriate wood (e.g., from the Haridrā tree) for temples in an auspicious day after taking advice from an astrologer. [...] According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the woods of some particular trees remain beneficial for the construction of temples. At the time of cutting the trees [e.g., Haridrā] one should clean the axe by smearing honey and ghee. After collecting the suitable wood from forest, the architect uses it according to his requirements and purposes.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Haridra in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to “turmeric” (used in the treatment of Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] If the disease is caused by hurt, meat is to be given with gum-myrrh, even though there is pain in the limbs. The body is to be besmeared with turmeric (haridrā) and it should be sprinkled over with stale water. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Haridrā is a herb used in Ayurveda medicine commonly known as Curcuma longa.

Source: JQ's Likhita Japa Journal: Hinduism

Haridra in Sanskrit this means “the one who is golden colored”. This is one of the 108 names of Lord Ganesha.

Source: Soma Matha Spiritual Center: Haridrā

Haridra is one of the most popular Ayurvedic herbs. It is used throughout the world in culinary preparations. It gives many curries and even prepared mustard its distinctive yellow color. It may be used as a substitute for saffron in the 12 herb elixir. Haridra means yellow. Haridra is also called haldi (meaning yellow) and gauri (which is a name for Parvati the Shakti of Lord Shiva).

Source: Soma Matha: Haridrā (Turmeric)

Haridra is one of the most popular Ayurvedic herbs. It is used throughout the world in culinary preparations. It gives many curries and even prepared mustard its distinctive yellow color. It may be used as a substitute for saffron in the 12 herb elixir. Haridra means yellow. Haridra is also called haldi (meaning yellow) and gauri (which is a name for Parvati the Shakti of Lord Shiva).

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Haridra [ಹರಿದ್ರ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Curcuma longa L. from the Zingiberaceae (Ginger) family having the following synonyms: Curcuma domestica, Curcuma brog, Curcuma ochrorhiza. For the possible medicinal usage of haridra, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Haridra in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Haridra in the Telugu language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Haridra in India is the name of a plant defined with Berberis asiatica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Berberis asiatica Griff. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. (1840)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1984)
· Taxon (1975)
· Systema Naturae (1821)
· Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2010)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Haridra, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haridra (हरिद्र).—n (Corr. from hārda S) Meaning, mind, mental intention.

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haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f (S) Turmeric,--the plant or the root, Curcuma longa.

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hāridra (हारिद्र).—a S Belonging or relating to turmeric.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haridra (हरिद्र).—n Meaning, mental intention.

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haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f Turmeric-the plant or the root.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haridra (हरिद्र).—The yellow sandal tree.

Derivable forms: haridraḥ (हरिद्रः).

See also (synonyms): haridraka.

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Haridrā (हरिद्रा).—[hariṃ pītavarṇaṃ dravati dru-gatau-ḍa]

1) Turmeric.

2) The root of turmeric powdered; see Malli. on N.22.49.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—

1) A yellow colour; हारिद्रवर्णं सुसुखं च शुक्लम् (hāridravarṇaṃ susukhaṃ ca śuklam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.28.33.

2) The Kadamba tree.

3) A kind of vegetable poison.

4) A kind of fever.

-dram Gold; तथापि नालोकि तदस्य रूपं हारिद्रभङ्गाय वितीर्णभङ्गम् (tathāpi nāloki tadasya rūpaṃ hāridrabhaṅgāya vitīrṇabhaṅgam) N.6.45;7. 13. -a. yellow, yellow-coloured.

Derivable forms: hāridraḥ (हारिद्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f.

(-drā) Turmeric, (either the plant or the powdered root) E. harit green, dru to flow or ooze, aff. ḍa; or hari Vishnu, &c., dṛ to be regarded, aff. ka.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drā-draṃ) 1. Stained, dyed or coloured with turmeric. 2. Yellow. m.

(-draḥ) 1. The Kadamba tree, (Nauclea Kadamba.) 2. Yellow, (the colour.) E. haridrā turmerie, and aṇ or aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f. Turmeric, Sch. ad [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 53; Mahābhārata 3, 12880; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 381.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—i. e. haridrā + a, I. adj. 1. Stained with turmeric. 2. Yellow. Ii. m. 1. Yellow, the colour. 2. The Kadamba tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haridra (हरिद्र).—[masculine] the yellow sandal tree; [feminine] ā turmeric, [Name] of a river.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—[adjective] dyed with turmeric, yellow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haridra (हरिद्र):—[from hari] m. the yellow sandal tree, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity, [Colebrooke]

3) Haridrā (हरिद्रा):—[from haridra > hari] a f. See below.

4) [from hari] b f. Curcuma Longa, turmeric or its root ground to powder (46 synonyms of this plant are given), [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Colebrooke]

6) Hāridra (हारिद्र):—[from hari] mfn. ([from] haridrā) coloured with turmeric, yellow, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. a yellow colour, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the Kadamba tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of vegetable poison, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of fever (also of animals), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haridrā (हरिद्रा):—(drā) 1. f. Turmeric.

2) Hāridra (हारिद्र):—[(draḥ-drā-draṃ) a.] Yellow. m. The Kadamba tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Haridra (हरिद्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Hasidda, Haliddā, Haladdī, Hālidda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Haridra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Haridra in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Haridrā (हरिद्रा):—(nf) turmeric, curcuma.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Haridra (ಹರಿದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the colour of gold; yellow colour.

2) [noun] the turmeric powder.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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