Haridra, Hāridra, Haridrā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Haridra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (H) next»] — Haridra in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Hāridra (हारिद्र) refers to “gold” or “turmeric”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 6.45; 7.13.—(“hāridrabhaṅgāya; hāridranibhaprabhā”).—Nārāyaṇa and Vidyā (on 6.45) explain Hāridra as “gold”. Otherwise it is to be derived from Haridrā (“turmeric”).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Haridrā (हरेणु, “yellow”) is a Sanskrit word translating to “turmeric”, a herb from the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It can also refer to the powder made from the root. It is also known by the name Varavarṇinī in Sanskrit, and as Haldī in Hindi. The official botanical name is Curcuma longa.

This plant (Haridrā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known as Rajanī or Niśā.

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

Haridrā (Curcuma longa): In Caraka Samhitā, Haridrā has been classified as curative of skin diseases (Kuṣṭhaghna), anti-obesity and scarifying (Lekhanīya), antidote to poisoning (Viśaghna) and has been recommended for the treatment of jaundice, cough, coryza, senility and impaired vision.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to a type of spices according to Atharvaveda VI. 109, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Spices referred to in Vedic literature are haridrā and pippalī. Dharmasūtra literature mentions other spices such as marica and hiṅgu.

2) Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the “yellow mushroom”, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. The Hāridra (yellow mushroom) foodstuff is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with Kṣaireya (pāyasa).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to a medicinal plant known as Curcuma longa, and is used in the treatment of poison (viṣa), according to in the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The author has given a detailed description of types of [snake-] bite mark and the corresponding causes and prognosis. [...] Eight different confirmatory tests for impending death are described. One of them is as follows: Juice of Haridrā (Curcuma longa) and oil should be equally given orally. If it remains in stomach, he will live but if the mixture goes through the GI tract and is seen in the anal region, death can be assured.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Curcuma longa, Linn., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Haridrā] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Curcuma longa Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning haridrā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: A Metallurgical Study of Nāga Bhasma

Haridrā (हरिद्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Curcuma Longa Linn. and is used is in the metallurgical process for creating nāgabhasma, (Śodhana step):—Raw nāga (crude Lead-600 g) was subjected to śodhana by melting and pouring into a container of cūrṇodaka (lime water, strength 4.3 g/l) seven times. This śodhita-nāga (590 g) was again subjected to viśeṣa-śodhana (unique purification process specific to the metal) by following the above procedure and pouring into a mixture (decoction strength 250 g/l) of Nirguṇḍī (Vitex Negundo Linn.) svarasa and Haridrā (Curcuma Longa Linn.) cūrṇa for seven times. [...]

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Haridrā is a herb used in Ayurveda medicine commonly known as Curcuma longa.

Source: JQ's Likhita Japa Journal: Hinduism

Haridra in Sanskrit this means “the one who is golden colored”. This is one of the 108 names of Lord Ganesha.

Source: Soma Matha Spiritual Center: Haridrā

Haridra is one of the most popular Ayurvedic herbs. It is used throughout the world in culinary preparations. It gives many curries and even prepared mustard its distinctive yellow color. It may be used as a substitute for saffron in the 12 herb elixir. Haridra means yellow. Haridra is also called haldi (meaning yellow) and gauri (which is a name for Parvati the Shakti of Lord Shiva).

Source: Soma Matha: Haridrā (Turmeric)

Haridra is one of the most popular Ayurvedic herbs. It is used throughout the world in culinary preparations. It gives many curries and even prepared mustard its distinctive yellow color. It may be used as a substitute for saffron in the 12 herb elixir. Haridra means yellow. Haridra is also called haldi (meaning yellow) and gauri (which is a name for Parvati the Shakti of Lord Shiva).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haridra (हरिद्र).—n (Corr. from hārda S) Meaning, mind, mental intention.

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haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f (S) Turmeric,--the plant or the root, Curcuma longa.

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hāridra (हारिद्र).—a S Belonging or relating to turmeric.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haridra (हरिद्र).—n Meaning, mental intention.

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haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f Turmeric-the plant or the root.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haridra (हरिद्र).—The yellow sandal tree.

Derivable forms: haridraḥ (हरिद्रः).

See also (synonyms): haridraka.

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Haridrā (हरिद्रा).—[hariṃ pītavarṇaṃ dravati dru-gatau-ḍa]

1) Turmeric.

2) The root of turmeric powdered; see Malli. on N.22.49.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—

1) A yellow colour; हारिद्रवर्णं सुसुखं च शुक्लम् (hāridravarṇaṃ susukhaṃ ca śuklam) Mb.12.28.33.

2) The Kadamba tree.

3) A kind of vegetable poison.

4) A kind of fever.

-dram Gold; तथापि नालोकि तदस्य रूपं हारिद्रभङ्गाय वितीर्णभङ्गम् (tathāpi nāloki tadasya rūpaṃ hāridrabhaṅgāya vitīrṇabhaṅgam) N.6.45;7. 13. -a. yellow, yellow-coloured.

Derivable forms: hāridraḥ (हारिद्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f.

(-drā) Turmeric, (either the plant or the powdered root) E. harit green, dru to flow or ooze, aff. ḍa; or hari Vishnu, &c., dṛ to be regarded, aff. ka.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drā-draṃ) 1. Stained, dyed or coloured with turmeric. 2. Yellow. m.

(-draḥ) 1. The Kadamba tree, (Nauclea Kadamba.) 2. Yellow, (the colour.) E. haridrā turmerie, and aṇ or aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haridrā (हरिद्रा).—f. Turmeric, Sch. ad [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 53; Mahābhārata 3, 12880; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 381.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—i. e. haridrā + a, I. adj. 1. Stained with turmeric. 2. Yellow. Ii. m. 1. Yellow, the colour. 2. The Kadamba tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haridra (हरिद्र).—[masculine] the yellow sandal tree; [feminine] ā turmeric, [Name] of a river.

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Hāridra (हारिद्र).—[adjective] dyed with turmeric, yellow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haridra (हरिद्र):—[from hari] m. the yellow sandal tree, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity, [Colebrooke]

3) Haridrā (हरिद्रा):—[from haridra > hari] a f. See below.

4) [from hari] b f. Curcuma Longa, turmeric or its root ground to powder (46 synonyms of this plant are given), [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Colebrooke]

6) Hāridra (हारिद्र):—[from hari] mfn. ([from] haridrā) coloured with turmeric, yellow, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. a yellow colour, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the Kadamba tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of vegetable poison, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of fever (also of animals), [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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