Harini, Hariṇī, Hariṇi, Hāriṇi: 22 definitions


Harini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Hariṇī (हरिणी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Hariṇī (हरिणी).—A daughter of Hiraṇyakaśipu, also called Rohiṇī. She was married to Viśvapati, an Asura. Vana Parva, 211, 18).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Hariṇī (हरिणी).—Mother of Hari, in the Tāmasa epoch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 116.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Hariṇī (हरिणी) is another name for Vṛṣabhaceṣṭita, which refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first five, the eleventh, the thirteenth, the fourteenth, and the sixteenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru).


Hariṇī falls in the Atyaṣṭi class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing seventeen syllables each.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Hariṇī (हरिणी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Hariṇī contains seventeen syllables in each and every quarter and it possesses the gaṇas viz. na, sa, ma, ra, and sa. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Hariṇi (हरिणि).—Name of a kind of svarabhakti when r (र् (r)) followed by s (श् (ś)) and s (स् (s)) is read as र (ra) + इ (i) +श् (ś) and र (ra) + इ (i) +स् (s) respectively.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Hariṇī (हरिणी) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Hariṇī) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Hariṇī (हरिणी) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hariṇī corresponds to Vṛṣabhalalita. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

3) Hariṇī (हरिणी) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Hariṇī) in 20 verses.

4) Hariṇī (हरिणी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., hariṇī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

5) Hariṇī (हरिणी) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

6) Hariṇī (हरिणी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the hariṇī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Hāriṇī (हारिणी) refers to “that which extirpates (poison)”, as described in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—According to the Kaśyapasaṃhita verse V.63, “Adorned with atripañcaka and the syllables with the sound of bindu, the goddess extirpates the Kālakūṭa poison (viṣa-hāriṇī) just as the rising sun at dawn destroys darkness at dawn”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Hariṇī (हरिणी) refers to one of the various types of cakes mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “Offer [viz., hariṇī cakes], [...]. Cakes such as the above are either made with granular sugar or made by mixing in ghee or sesamum oil. As before, take them in accordance with the family in question and use them as offerings; if you offer them up as prescribed, you will quickly gain success. [...]”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., hariṇī cakes], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., hariṇī]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Hāriṇī (हारिणी) refers to the “seizer (of the heart)” (of all Nāgas), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as Brahmā and others addressed the Bhagavān]: “[...] We will offer this seizer of the heart (hṛdaya-hāriṇī) of all Nāgas, drier of their heart, destroyer of the families of harmful Nāgas, remover of all winds, clouds and thunderbolts, and ripener of all crops, flowers and fruits. May the Bhagavān give his empowerment for the benefit of all beings”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Hariṇī (हरिणी) and Hari were are later incarnations of Sumukha nad Vanamālā, according to chapter 6.7 [śrī-munisuvratanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly: “[...] As they [i.e., Sumukha and Vanamālā] were blaming themselves and praising those devoted to dharma, a stroke of lightning struck them and killed them. [...] Because of the development of their mutual affection and of their pure meditation, after death they became twins in Harivarṣa. Their parents named them Hari and Hariṇī and they were never separated day or night, husband and wife as in the former birth. Their wishes were fulfilled by the ten wishing-trees and they remained there happily, enjoying themselves like gods.[...]”.

2) Hariṇī (हरिणी) is wife of Cakrin Acala from Ratnapura, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā].—Accordingly, as Muni Deśabhūṣaṇa narrated to Rāma: “[...] After wandering for a long time in good conditions of existence because of the good inclination, in the city Ratnapura in West Videhā in Jambūdvīpa he [i.e., Ramaṇa] was born the son, named Priyadarśana, devoted to dharma, of Cakrin Acala by his chief-queen, Hariṇī. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Harini in India is the name of a plant defined with Jasminum officinale in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Jasminum officinale var. pumilum Stokes (among others).

2) Harini in Tibet is also identified with Jasminum humile.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Edwards's Botanical Register, or Flower Garden and Shrubbery (1845)
· Acta Bot. Yunnan. (1979)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Linnaea (1850)
· I. Invest. Stud. Nat. (1992)
· Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh (1961)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Harini, for example diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hariṇī (हरिणी).—f (S) A doe. 2 An individual of one of the four classes of womankind. See citriṇī 3 A form of metre.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hariṇī (हरिणी).—f A doe.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hariṇī (हरिणी).—

1) A female deer, doe; चकितहरिणीप्रेक्षणा (cakitahariṇīprekṣaṇā) Meghadūta 84; R.9.55;14.69.

2) One of the four classes of women (also called citriṇī q. v.).

3) Yellow jasmine.

4) A good golden image.

5) Name of a metre.

6) The green colour.

7) Turmeric.

8) Madder.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hariṇī (हरिणी).—v. hariṇa & harita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hariṇī (हरिणी):—[from hariṇa > hari] a f. See below.

2) [from hari] b f. a female deer, doe, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Rubia Munjista, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] yellow jasmine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] one of the four kinds of beautiful women (corresponding to the kind of man termed mṛga), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a golden image, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre (four times -,), [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of Svara-bhakti (q.v.), [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of an Apsaras, [Raghuvaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a Yakṣiṇī, [Buddhist literature]

11) [v.s. ...] of the mother of Hari (Viṣṇu), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] [plural] Name of the verses, [Atharva-veda xviii, 2, 11-18; Kauśika-sūtra]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hariṇī (हरिणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hariṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Hariṇī (हरिणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Hariṇī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hariṇi (ಹರಿಣಿ):—

1) [noun] green colour.

2) [noun] the female black buck, Antelope cervicapra.

3) [noun] an idol made of gold.

4) [noun] a collection of things.

5) [noun] one of the four kinds of beautiful women.

6) [noun] (pros.) a metrical verse having seventeen syllables in each line (uuuuu-, ——, u-uu-u-).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Hāriṇi (ஹாரிணி) noun < hāriṇī. (Śaiva Philosophy) The Śakti which unites perfected souls with Śiva; தநுகரணாதிகளை மாயையிலொடுக்கிப் பக்குவ மானதும் ஆத்மாக்களைச் சிவத்துடன் அடை விக்குஞ் சக்தி. [thanugaranathigalai mayaiyilodukkip pakkuva manathum athmakkalais sivathudan adai vikkugn sagthi.] (சிவஞானசித்தியார் சுபக்ஷம் [sivagnanasithiyar supagsham] 1, 59, சிவாக். [sivag.])

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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