Campa, aka: Campā, Caṃpā; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Campa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Champa.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Campa in Purana glossaries]

Campa (चम्प):—Son of Harita (son of Rohita). He constructed the town of Campāpurī. He had a son named Sudeva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9,8,1)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Campa (चम्प).—A king born in the Aṅga dynasty. (See CANDRAVAṂŚA).

2) Caṃpā (चंपा).—(CAṂPĀPURĪ). A city on the banks of river Gaṅgā, Caṃpā is often referred to in the Purāṇaś. It was here that Lomapāda lived in tretāyuga. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 113, Verse 15). In Dvāparayuga the city was ruled by a Sūta called Atiratha, who got Karṇa, while he and his wife were brooding over their lack of a child. In after years Karṇa also ruled the city. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 5, Verse 7).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Campa (चम्प).—A son of Harita; he built Campāpurā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8. 1.

1b) The son of Pṛthulākṣa (Pṛthulāśva, Vāyu-purāṇa) Under him the ancient city Mālini became Campā; father of Haryanga through the grace of Pūrṇabhadra; lived for 60,000 years with the four varṇas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48-97; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 105-7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 20-21.

2a) Campā (चम्पा).—R. sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 41.

2b) A name of Campāvatī;1 a Janapada.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 106.
  • 2) Ib. 99. 385.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Campa in Ayurveda glossaries]

Campa (चम्प) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Campa in Itihasa glossaries]

Campā (चम्पा) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.82.142). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Campā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Campa in Theravada glossaries]

1. Campa - A city in India on the river of the same name; it was the capital of Anga and was celebrated for its beautiful lake, the Gaggara pokkharani (q.v.), which was excavated by Queen Gaggara. On its banks was a grove of campaka trees, well known for the fragrance of their marvellous white flowers, and there, in the Buddhas time, wandering teachers were wont to lodge. The Buddha himself stayed thereon several occasions (Vin.i.312; S.i.195; A.iv.59, 168; v.151, 189). Sariputta (A.iv.59) and Vangisa (S.i.195) are also said to have stayed there. The Maha Parinibbana Sutta (D.ii.147) mentions Campa as one of the six important cities of India, its foundation being ascribed to Mahagovinda (D.ii.235). It lay at a distance of sixty yojanas from Mithila (J.iv.32). In the Buddhas time the people of Campa owed allegiance to Bimbisara, as king of Magadha, and Bimbisara had given a royal fief in Campa to the brahmin Sonadanda (D.i.111). Campa was evidently an important centre of trade, and we are told that merchants travelled from there to Suvannabhumi for purposes of trade (E.g., J.vi.539). Most probably it was the Indian colonists from Campa who named one of their most important settlements in Indo China after this famous old town. The ancient name of Campa was probably Malini or Malina.( Campasya tu puri Campa, ya Malinyabhavat pura; Mbh.xii.5, 6, 7; Matsyapurana 48, 97, etc.; Law, A.G.I.6, n.2).

The ninth chapter of the Maha Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka (Vin.i.312ff; see also Vin.ii.307) contains several important regulations laid down by the Buddha at Campa regarding the validity and otherwise of formal acts of the Sangha.

Campa is mentioned as the birthplace of Sona Kolivisa, Jambugamika, Nandaka and Bharata, and among those who resided there were Bahuna, Vajjiyamahita and Thullananda and her companions.

The Sonadanda, the Dasuttara, the Kandaraka and the Karandava Suttas were preached there.

According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.565), Campa was so called because the whole place abounded in large Campaka trees.

Campa is generally identified with a site about twenty four miles to the east of the modern Bhagalpur, near the villages of Campanagara and Campapura (C.A.G.I.5). It was visited by Hiouen Thsang (Beal, Records ii.187f), and Fa Hien calls it a great kingdom with many places of worship (p.65).

The Buddhas bathing robe was enshrined in Campa (Bu.xxviii.9). See also Kala Campa, probably another name for Campa.

2. Campa, Campaka - One of the two chief women disciples of Kakusandha Buddha. Bu.xxiii.21; J.i.42.

3. Campa, Campaka - Birthplace of Paduma Buddha (Bu ix.16; J.i.36). Near by was the Campaka uyyana.

4. Campa - The river which flowed between Anga and Magadha (now called Chandan). The Naga Campeyya held sway over the river. J.iv.454f.

5.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Campa in Mahayana glossaries]

Campā (चम्पा), capital of Aṅga (Bengal), the location of which is probably marked today by the two villages, Campānagara and Campāpura, near Bhagalpur. The Buddha visited there several times.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Campa in Jainism glossaries]

Campā (चम्पा).—In Campāpurī was born Vāsupūjya, the twelfth Jina, who attained kevalajñāna and nirvāṇa. Also known as Campāpurī. Karakaṇḍu who was the ruler of this place installed the image of Pārśvanātha in the tank of Kuṇḍa. He afterwards attained perfection. Here Vīrasvāmi spent three nights during the rains in Priṣṭhicampā. Kūṇika, son of king Śreṇika, left Rājagṛha on the death of his father and made Campā his capital. Here reigned Karṇa.

Campā was the capital of the Aṅgas. In the 6th century B.C. it was a big town. Its ancient name was Mālinī. In the Mahābhārata it is described as the place of pilgrimage. According to the Jaina Campapakaśreṣṭhīkathā, Campā was in a very flourishing condition. The celebrated Chinese pilgrim Yuan Chwang calls it Chan-p’o. The city of CAmpā is situated at a short distance from modern Bhagalpur.

(Source): archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Campā (चम्पा) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his third year of spiritual-exertion.—After leaving the Brahmin village (Nandapāṭaka) the Lord came to Campā and there completed his third monsoon stay. At that time, the Lord observed a two month fast and observed different postures (āsanas) and meditation practices. His first two months fast breaking happened in Campā and the second two-month fast was broken outside Campā.

Campā was also visited by Mahāvīra during his twelfth year of spiritual-exertion and during his 13th year as Kevalī.

(Source): HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Campa in Pali glossaries]

campā : (f.) name of a town in India; present Bhagalpore.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Campa, =campaka J. VI, 151. (Page 262)

— or —

Campā, (f.) N. of a town (Bhagulpore) & a river D. I, 111; DA. I, 279; J. IV, 454. (Page 262)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Campa in Marathi glossaries]

cāmpa (चांप).—f C A spring or bound. v kara.

--- OR ---

cāmpā (चांपा) [or चापा, cāpā].—m (campaka S) A flower-tree or its flower, Michelia champaca. 2 A particular firework.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cāmpā (चांपा).—m A flower-tree or its flower. The lobe of the ear.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Campa in Sanskrit glossaries]

Campa (चम्प).—[camp-ac] The Kovidāra tree.

-mpam The flower of this tree.

Derivable forms: campaḥ (चम्पः).

--- OR ---

Campā (चम्पा).—Name of an ancient city on the Ganges, capital of the Aṅgas and identified with the modern Bhagalapur.

See also (synonyms): campakāvatī, campāvatī.

--- OR ---

Campā (चम्पा).—f.

1) The capital of the country of Aṅga i. e. Bhagalapur.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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