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Campa, aka: Campā; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Campa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Campa (चम्प).—A son of Harita; he built Campāpurā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8. 1.

1b) The son of Pṛthulākṣa (Pṛthulāśva, Vāyu-purāṇa) Under him the ancient city Mālini became Campā; father of Haryanga through the grace of Pūrṇabhadra; lived for 60,000 years with the four varṇas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48-97; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 105-7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 20-21.

2a) Campā (चम्पा).—R. sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 41.

2b) A name of Campāvatī;1 a Janapada.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 106.
  • 2) Ib. 99. 385.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Campa (चम्प) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Campa (चम्प):—Son of Harita (son of Rohita). He constructed the town of Campāpurī. He had a son named Sudeva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9,8,1)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

Campa, =campaka J. VI, 151. (Page 262)

— or —

Campā, (f.) N. of a town (Bhagulpore) & a river D. I, 111; DA. I, 279; J. IV, 454. (Page 262)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

campā : (f.) name of a town in India; present Bhagalpore.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Campa - A city in India on the river of the same name; it was the capital of Anga and was celebrated for its beautiful lake, the Gaggara pokkharani (q.v.), which was excavated by Queen Gaggara. On its banks was a grove of campaka trees, well known for the fragrance of their marvellous white flowers, and there, in the Buddhas time, wandering teachers were wont to lodge. The Buddha himself stayed thereon several occasions (Vin.i.312; S.i.195; A.iv.59, 168; v.151, 189). Sariputta (A.iv.59) and Vangisa (S.i.195) are also said to have stayed there. The Maha Parinibbana Sutta (D.ii.147) mentions Campa as one of the six important cities of India, its foundation being ascribed to Mahagovinda (D.ii.235). It lay at a distance of sixty yojanas from Mithila (J.iv.32). In the Buddhas time the people of Campa owed allegiance to Bimbisara, as king of Magadha, and Bimbisara had given a royal fief in Campa to the brahmin Sonadanda (D.i.111). Campa was evidently an important centre of trade, and we are told that merchants travelled from there to Suvannabhumi for purposes of trade (E.g., J.vi.539). Most probably it was the Indian colonists from Campa who named one of their most important settlements in Indo China after this famous old town. The ancient name of Campa was probably Malini or Malina.( Campasya tu puri Campa, ya Malinyabhavat pura; Mbh.xii.5, 6, 7; Matsyapurana 48, 97, etc.; Law, A.G.I.6, n.2).

The ninth chapter of the Maha Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka (Vin.i.312ff; see also Vin.ii.307) contains several important regulations laid down by the Buddha at Campa regarding the validity and otherwise of formal acts of the Sangha.

Campa is mentioned as the birthplace of Sona Kolivisa, Jambugamika, Nandaka and Bharata, and among those who resided there were Bahuna, Vajjiyamahita and Thullananda and her companions.

The Sonadanda, the Dasuttara, the Kandaraka and the Karandava Suttas were preached there.

According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.565), Campa was so called because the whole place abounded in large Campaka trees.

Campa is generally identified with a site about twenty four miles to the east of the modern Bhagalpur, near the villages of Campanagara and Campapura (C.A.G.I.5). It was visited by Hiouen Thsang (Beal, Records ii.187f), and Fa Hien calls it a great kingdom with many places of worship (p.65).

The Buddhas bathing robe was enshrined in Campa (Bu.xxviii.9). See also Kala Campa, probably another name for Campa.

2. Campa, Campaka - One of the two chief women disciples of Kakusandha Buddha. Bu.xxiii.21; J.i.42.

3. Campa, Campaka - Birthplace of Paduma Buddha (Bu ix.16; J.i.36). Near by was the Campaka uyyana.

4. Campa - The river which flowed between Anga and Magadha (now called Chandan). The Naga Campeyya held sway over the river. J.iv.454f.

5.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Relevant definitions

Search found 49 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Campāpurī
Campāpurī (चम्पापुरी):—A town constructed by Campa (son of Harita). (see Bhāgavata Pur...
Māgadha
Māgadha (मागध) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey ...
Aṅga
1a) Aṅga (अङ्ग).—The father of Vena; knew the power of Kṛṣṇa's yoga.1 A son of Ulmuka (K...
Harita
Harita (हरित).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount ...
Vijaya
1a) Vijayā  (विजया) is the mother of Ajita, the second of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Jani...
Bharata
Bhārata (भारत).—One of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. J...
Aśoka
1) Aśoka (अशोक) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Malli are often depic...
Campaka
1) Campaka (चम्पक) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Michelia champaka) unde...
Sagara
Sagara (“one who is born with poison”). He later became the emperor. The place k...
Gaṅgā
Gaṅgā (गङ्गा) is the name of a river mentioned as flowing through Bhārata together with the Sin...
Gaggara
Gaggara, (Vedic gargara throat, whirlpool. *gǔer to sling down, to whirl, cp. Gr. baρaqron, Lat...
Sudeva
Sudeva (सुदेव):—Son of Campa (son of Harita). He had a son named Vijaya. (see Bhāgavat...
Mālinī
Mālinī (मालिनी) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapte...
Campeyya
Campeyya, N. of a Nāgarāja J. IV, 454 (=°jātaka, No. 506); Vism. 304. (Page 262)
Mithila
Mithilā (मिथिला).—Founded by Janaka-Vaideha: capital of the Videhas whose king was Janaka...

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Search found 25 books containing Campa or Campā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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