Purvaphalguni, aka: Pūrvaphalgunī, Purva-phalguni; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Purvaphalguni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Purvaphalguni in Jyotisha glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pūrvaphalgunī (पूर्वफल्गुनी):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Pūrvaphalgunīnakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Pūrvaphalgunī means “the first (reddish) one” and is associated with the deity known as Bhaga (God of love). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Śukra (Venus).

Indian zodiac: |13°20'| – |26°40' Siṃha|
Siṃha (सिंह, “lion”) corresponds with Leo.

Western zodiac: |9°20'| – |22°40' Virgo|
Virgo corresponds with Kanyā (कन्या, “girl”). 

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Purvaphalguni in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pūrvaphalgunī (पूर्वफल्गुनी) is the Sanskrit name for an asterism (Delta-Leonis). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.14-15, the master of the dramatic art (nāṭyācārya) should perform raṅgapūjā after offering pūjā to the Jarjara (Indra’s staff). Accordingly, “After proceeding thus according to rules and staying in the phayhouse for the night, he should begin pūjā as soon as it is morning. This pūjā connected with the stage should take place under the asterism Ārdrā, Maghā, Yāmyā, Pūrvaphalgunī, Pūrvāṣāḍhā, Pūrvabhādrapadā, Aśleṣā or Mūlā”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Purvaphalguni in Vastushastra glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pūrvaphālguṇī (पूर्वफाल्गुणी) refers to the eleventh of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., pūrvaphālguṇī) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Purvaphalguni in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pūrvaphālgunī (पूर्वफाल्गुनी) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Pūrvaphālgunī is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Tchang, Tibetan Gre and modern Leonis.

Pūrvaphālgunī is classified in the first group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (eg., Pūrvaphālgunī), then at that moment, the earth trembles (bhūmicala) as if it would collapse, this shaking extends up to the god of fire (Agni). Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are evil”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Purvaphalguni in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pūrvāphalgunī (पूर्वाफल्गुनी).—f (S) The first of the two lunar asterisms called Phalguni, and the eleventh of the whole.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrvāphālgunī (पूर्वाफाल्गुनी).—f The Same as pūrvā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Purvaphalguni in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pūrvaphalgunī (पूर्वफल्गुनी).—the eleventh lunar mansion containing two stars. °भवः (bhavaḥ) an epithet of the planet Jupiter.

Pūrvaphalgunī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and phalgunī (फल्गुनी).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 288 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Purvashadha
Pūrvāṣāḍhā (पूर्वाषाढा).—Name of the 2th lunar mansion consisting of two stars. Pūrvāṣāḍhā is a...
Purva
Pūrva (पूर्व).—a. (Declined like a pronoun when it implies relative position in time or space, ...
Purvarupa
Pūrvarūpa (पूर्वरूप) is another name for Pūrvarūpatā: one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of spee...
Purvabhadrapada
Pūrvabhadrapadā (पूर्वभद्रपदा) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) acco...
Phalguni
Phālguṇī (फाल्गुणी) is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as...
Purvapaksha
Pūrvapakṣa (पूर्वपक्ष).—lit. the view placed first for consideration which generally is the vie...
Purvottara
Pūrvottara (पूर्वोत्तर).—a. north-eastern. -rā the north-east. -re dual) the preceding and foll...
Purvaranga
Pūrvaraṅga (पूर्वरङ्ग).—the commencement or prelude of a drama, the prologue; यन्नाठ्यवस्तुनः प...
Uttaraphalguni
Uttaraphālgunī (उत्तरफाल्गुनी) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) acco...
Purvapara
Pūrvāpara (पूर्वापर).—a. 1) eastern and western; कतमोऽयं पूर्वापर- समुद्रावगाढः सानुमानालोक्यते...
Purvardha
Pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध).—1) the first half; दिनस्य पूर्वार्धपरार्धभिन्ना छायेव मैत्री खलसज्जनानाम...
Purvavakya
Pūrvavākya (पूर्ववाक्य).—(in dram.) an allusion to former utterance. Derivable forms: pūrvavāky...
Purvanga
Pūrvāṅga (पूर्वाङ्ग).—the first day in the civil month. Derivable forms: pūrvāṅgaḥ (पूर्वाङ्गः)...
Purvapithika
Pūrvapīṭhikā (पूर्वपीठिका).—introduction. Pūrvapīṭhikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the...
Yathapurva
Yathāpūrva (यथापूर्व).—a. being as before, former; R.12.41. (-rvam) -पूर्वकम् (pūrvakam) ind. 1...

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