Harit: 13 definitions


Harit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Harit (हरित्, “green”) refers to a derivative color, composed of the yellow (pīta) and the blue (nīla) colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The word can also be spelled like Harita. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Harit (हरित्) is the name of a river mentioned as flowing through Hari together with the Harikāntā river. Hari is one of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Harit (हरित्) and Harikāntā are two great rivers situated in the Harivarṣa (Harivarṣaka) zone of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In Bharatakṣetra there are the great rivers, Gaṅgā and Sindhu; in the zone named Haimavata, Rohitā and Rohitāṃśā; in the Harivarṣaka zone, the rivers Harit and Harikāntā; in the Mahāvidehas the best rivers Śītā and Śītodā Narakāntā and Narīkāntā in the zone Ramyaka; Svarṇakūlā and Rūpyakūlā in the zone Hairaṇyavata; Raktā and Raktodā in the zone Airāvata. The first of each pair (i.e., Harit) flows to the east and the second (i.e., Harikāntā) to the west. The great rivers Gaṅgā and Sindhu are each attended by 14,000 best rivers. Each pair of the others is attended by twice as many rivers as the preceding pair up to Śītā and Śītodā. The northern rivers (north of Videha) are equal to the southern. Śītā and Śītodā, however, are attended by 532,000 rivers each”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Harit (हरित्) is the name of a river that, coupled with the Harikāntā river, separates the Harivarṣa region. Harivarṣa refers to one of the regions of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The Harit river flows eastwards. The Harit and Harikāntā rivers have 56000 tributaries.

Jambūdvīpa (where flows the Harit river) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Harit (हरित्).—a. [hṛ-iti]

1) Green, greenish.

2) Yellow, yellowish.

3) Greenish-yellow. -m.

1) The green or yellow colour.

2) A horse of the sun, a bay horse; सत्यमतीत्य हरितो हरींश्च वर्तन्ते वाजिनः (satyamatītya harito harīṃśca vartante vājinaḥ) Ś.1.; दिशो हरिद्भिर्हरिता- मिवेश्वरः (diśo haridbhirharitā- miveśvaraḥ) R.3.3; Kumārasambhava 2.43.

3) A swift horse.

4) A lion.

5) The sun.

6) Viṣṇu.

7) The kidney-bean. -m., n.

1) Grass.

2) A quarter, region.

3) A quarter or point of the compass; प्रायात् प्रतीचीं हरितं वचिन्वंश्च ततस्ततः (prāyāt pratīcīṃ haritaṃ vacinvaṃśca tatastataḥ) Rām.7.75.1; R.3.3.

4) Turmeric (usually f. only in the last 3 senses).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harit (हरित्).—mfn. (-rit) 1. Green, of a green colour. 2. Yellowish. m. (-rit) 1. Green, (the colour.) 2. A swift horse. 3. A horse of the sun. 4. Kidney-bean, (Phaseolus mungo.) 5. A lion. 6. The sun. 7. Vishnu. mn. (-rit) Grass. f. (-rit) 1. A quarter or region, a point of the compass. 2. Turmeric. E. hṛ to take, Unadi aff. iti .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harit (हरित्).— (for original harant, cf. hiraṇa), I. adj. Green. Ii. m. 1. Green, the colour. 2. A horse of the sun (properly, his rays), Chr. 287, 8 = [Rigveda.] i. 50, 8. 3. A lion. 4. The sun, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 6, 5. 5. Viṣṇu. 6. Kidney bean. Iii. m. and n. Grass. Iv. f. 1. A quarter, or point of the compass, Śiś, 9, 28. 2. Turmeric.

— Cf. [Gothic.] gulth; A. S. gold (see hari, Yellow, and hiraṇa); akin is also [Gothic.] glitmunjan, To shine; cf. also [Gothic.] gras; A. S. graes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harit (हरित्).—[adjective] fallow, yellowish, greenish. [masculine] a fallow horse, [especially] of the Sun-god, emerald; [feminine] a fallow mare; region, quarter of the sky.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Harit (हरित्):—[from hari] mfn. fawn-coloured, pale yellow, yellowish, pale red, fallow, bay, tawny, greenish, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. pale yellow, reddish, bay (the colour), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a horse of the Sun (harito harīṃś ca, acc [plural] ‘the horses of the Sun and of Indra’), [Śakuntalā]

4) [v.s. ...] emerald, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a lion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Phaseolus Mungo ([probably] [wrong reading] for hari), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] f. a female horse of a reddish colour, a bay mare (applied to the horses of Soma, Indra, and Tvaṣṭṛ, and [especially] to sapta-haritaḥ, ‘the 7 horses of the Sun’, thought to symbolize the days of the week), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] a quarter of the sky, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kāvya literature] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] [plural] rivers (= nadyas), [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 13]

12) [v.s. ...] grass or a species of grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] turmeric, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harit (हरित्):—(t) 5. m. Green colour; horse of the sun; kidney bean; a lion; the sun; Vishnu. m. n. Grass. f. Point of the compass; turmeric. a. Green.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Harit (हरित्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hari.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harit in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Harit in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) green, verdant; delighted, gay..—harit (हरित) is alternatively transliterated as Harita.

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