Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.96.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सो अ॑स्य॒ वज्रो॒ हरि॑तो॒ य आ॑य॒सो हरि॒र्निका॑मो॒ हरि॒रा गभ॑स्त्योः । द्यु॒म्नी सु॑शि॒प्रो हरि॑मन्युसायक॒ इन्द्रे॒ नि रू॒पा हरि॑ता मिमिक्षिरे ॥
सो अस्य वज्रो हरितो य आयसो हरिर्निकामो हरिरा गभस्त्योः । द्युम्नी सुशिप्रो हरिमन्युसायक इन्द्रे नि रूपा हरिता मिमिक्षिरे ॥
so asya vajro harito ya āyaso harir nikāmo harir ā gabhastyoḥ | dyumnī suśipro harimanyusāyaka indre ni rūpā haritā mimikṣire ||

English translation:

“That is his thunderbolt, yellow, made of iron, the destroyer (of foes), desirable, the destroyer (of foes),it is in his hands; he is) possessed of riches, handsome jawed, possessed of a shaft and anger which deestroys(his foes)-- many golden-tinted forms are mixed in Indra.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Destroyer of foes: the main purport of the ṛca is to plural yon the words: hari, harita, the derivatives of hṛ, to take and harya, to desire. The vajra is harita, or it is hari,bothexplained as haritavarṇa, golden-tinted; or, it is hari = śatrūṇām hantā


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): baruḥ sarvaharirvaindraḥ [baruḥ sarvaharirvaindra];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): haristutiḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛjjagatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सः । अ॒स्य॒ । वज्रः॑ । हरि॑तः । यः । आ॒य॒सः । हरिः॑ । निऽका॑मः । हरिः॑ । आ । गभ॑स्त्योः । द्यु॒म्नी । सु॒ऽशि॒प्रः । हरि॑मन्युऽसायकः । इन्द्रे॑ । नि । रू॒पा । हरि॑ता । मि॒मि॒क्षि॒रे॒ ॥
सः । अस्य । वज्रः । हरितः । यः । आयसः । हरिः । निकामः । हरिः । आ । गभस्त्योः । द्युम्नी । सुशिप्रः । हरिमन्युसायकः । इन्द्रे । नि । रूपा । हरिता । मिमिक्षिरे ॥
saḥ | asya | vajraḥ | haritaḥ | yaḥ | āyasaḥ | hariḥ | ni-kāmaḥ | hariḥ | ā | gabhastyoḥ | dyumnī | su-śipraḥ | harimanyu-sāyakaḥ | indre | ni | rūpā | har itā | mimikṣire

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.96.3 English analysis of grammar]

so < saḥ < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

vajro < vajraḥ < vajra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“vajra; Vajra; vajra; vajra; lightning; abhra; vajramūṣā; diamond; vajra [word]; vajrakapāṭa; vajra; vaikrānta.”

harito < haritaḥ < harita

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“green; yellow; fresh; harita [word]; green.”

ya < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

āyaso < āyasaḥ < āyasa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“iron; metallic.”

harir < hariḥ < hari

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“reddish brown; yellow; pale; yellow; aureate.”

nikāmo < nikāmaḥ < nikāma

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

harir < hariḥ < hari

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“reddish brown; yellow; pale; yellow; aureate.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

gabhastyoḥ < gabhasti

[noun], locative, dual, masculine

“beam; hand; sun.”

dyumnī < dyumnin

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“powerful; imperial.”

suśipro < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suśipro < śipraḥ < śiprā

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“lip; śiprā.”

harimanyusāyaka < harimanyusāyakaḥ < harimanyusāyaka

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

indre < indra

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”



“back; down.”

rūpā < rūpa

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“form; appearance; beauty; look; shape; shape; symptom; feature; nature; guise; rūpa [word]; one; appearance; likeness; color; kind; vowel; type; disguise; aspect; form; derivative; omen; vision.”

haritā < harita

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“green; yellow; fresh; harita [word]; green.”

mimikṣire < mikṣ

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative


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