Dasa, aka: Dasā, Dāsa, Daśā, Dasha, Daśa, Dāśa; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Daśā and Daśa and Dāśa can be transliterated into English as Dasa or Dasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

The word Dasha (दशा, 'planetary period') means 'state of being' and therefore the Daśā governs to a large extent the state of being of a person. The Daśā system shows which planets may be said to have become particularly active during the period of the Daśā. The ruling planet (the Daśānātha or 'lord of the Daśā') eclipses the mind of the native, compelling him or her to act as per the nature of the planet.

There are several dasha systems, each with its own utility and area of application. There are Daśās of Grahas (planets) as well as Daśās of the Rāśis (signs). The primary system used by astrologers is the Viṃśottarī Daśā system, which has been considered universally applicable in the Kaliyuga to all horoscopes.

Source: WikiPedia: Hindu Astrology
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Dāśa (दाश).—A country in Ancient India. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 56).

2) Dāsa (दास).—A term used as a suffix to the name of a Śūdra. In ancient India the rule was that the proper suffix for a Brahmin’s name should be 'Śarmā', for a Kṣatriya’s name, 'Varmā', for a Vaiśya’s name, 'Gupta' and for a Śūdra’s name, 'Dāsa'. (See under Cāturvarṇya).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Daśa (दश).—One of Danu's sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 9.

2) Dāsa (दास).—Servants entertained in a śrāddha;1 appellation of the Śūdras.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 17. 57 and 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 60. 37.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dāsa (दास) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.30.73) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dāsa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Daśa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.54, VI.10.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Daśā (दशा) denotes the ‘fringe’ or ‘border’ of a garment (vāsaḥ) in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa. The word also occurs in the compound daśā-pavitra, which means ‘a filtering cloth with a fringe.’

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dāsa (दास) is the name of a blind sailor that knew the route to king Sāgara, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX). Accordingly, “The bodhisattva, who had heard that there was a cintāmaṇi in the head of the Nāga king Sāgara (read So k’ie lo), asked the crowd: ‘Does anyone know the way leading to this Nāga’s palace?’ A blind man (andhapuruṣa) named T’o chö (Dāsa), who seven times previously had been on the high seas knew the sea route in question”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Daśa (दश, “ten”) is the second of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (eg., daśa, “ten”), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

India history and geogprahy

According to Mahabharata, Dasha tribe was living in North-western region of Bactria. In all probability, Dasha (“Dahae” in Persian language) was a confederacy of 10 tribes like Tarkshya, Parada, Pahlava, Parshva etc., and dominated in the east of Caspian Sea (modern Turkmenistan). In my opinion, the word “Parada”(a tribe of western Turkmenistan) might have evolved into Parni and Parthia. It appears that Tarkhsyas dominated the confederacy of 10 tribes. Thus, the area of the east of Caspian Sea came to be known as Turan.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

dasa : (in cpds.), one who sees. (adj.), ten.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Dasa, 2 (-°) (Sk.-dṛśa; cp. dassa) seeing, to be seen, to be perceived or understood D.I, 18 (aññadatthu° sureseeing, all-perceiving=sabbaṃ passāmī ti attho DA.I, 111); Sn.653 (paṭiccasamuppāda°), 733 (sammad°); J.I, 506 (yugamatta°; v. l. dassa).—duddasa difficult to be seen or understood D.I, 12 (dhammā gambhīrā d.; see gambhīra); M.I, 167, 487; Sn.938; Dh.252; also as sududdasa Dh.36. (Page 316)

2) Dasa, 1 (Sk. daśa=Av. dasa, Gr. dέka, Lat. decem, Goth. taíhun, Oir. deich, Ags. tīen, Ohg. zehan fr. *dekm̊, a cpd. of dv+km̊=“two hands”) the number ten; Gen. dasannaṃ (Dh.137); Instr. dasahi (Kh III, ) & dasabhi (Vin.I, 38). In cpds. (-°) also as ḷasa (soḷasa 16) & rasa (terasa 13; pannar° 15; aṭṭhār° 18).

Metaphorical meaning. (A) In the first place 10 is used for measurement (more recent & comprehensive than its base 5); it is the no. of a set or comprehensive unity, not in a vague (like 3 or 5), but in a definite sense. (B) There inheres in it the idea of a fixed measure, with which that of an authoritative, solemn & auspicious importance is coupled. This applies to the unit as well as its decimal combns (100, 1000). Ethically it denotes a circle, to fulfil all of which constitutes a high achievement or power. Application (A) (based on natural phenomena): dasa disā (10 points of the compass; see disā): Sn.719, 1122; PvA.71, etc.; d. lokadhātuyo Pv.II, 961 (=10X1000; PvA.138); d. māse (10 months as time of gestation) kucchiyā pariharitvā J.I, 52; PvA.43, 82.—(B) (fig.) 1. a set: (a) personal (cp. 10 people would have saved Sodom: Gen. 18, 32; the 10 virgins (2X5) Matt. 25, 1): divase divase dasa dasa putte vijāyitvā (giving birth to 10 sons day by day) Pv.I, 6.—(b) impersonal: 10 commandments (dasa sikkhāpadāni Vin.I, 83), cp. Exod. 34, 28; 10 attributes of perfection of a Tathāgata or an Arahant: Tathāgata-balāni; with ref. to the Buddha see Vin.I, 38 & cp. Vin. Texts I.141 sq.; dasah’aṅgehi samannāgato arahā ti vuccati (in memorizing of No. 10) Kh III, dasahi asaddhammehi sam° kāko J.III, 127;— 10 heavenly attributes (ṭhānāni): āyu etc. D.III, 146; S.V, 275; PvA.9, opp. 10 afflictions as punishment (cp. 10 plagues Exod. 7—11): dasannaṃ aññataraṃ ṭhānaṃ nigacchati Dh.137 (=das. dukkha-kāraṇānaṃ, enumd v. 138, 139) “afflicted with one of the 10 plagues”; cp. DhA.III, 70.—10 good gifts to the bhikkhu (see deyyadhamma) Nd2 523; PvA.7; 10 rules for the king: PvA.161;— dividing the Empire into 10 parts: PvA.111; etc. vassa-dasa a decade: das’ev’imā vassa-dasā J.IV, 396 (enumd under vassa); dasa-rāja-dhammā J.II, 367; das’akkosa-vatthūni DhA.I, 212.- See on similar sets A.V, 1—310; D.III, 266—271.—2. a larger unity, a crowd, a vast number (of time & space): (a) personal, often meaning “all” (cp. 10 sons of Haman were slain Esth. 9, 10; 10 lepers cleansed at one time Luke 17, 12): dasa bhātaro J.I, 307; dasa bhātikā PvA.111; dasa-kaññā-sahassa-parivārā PvA.210 etc. ‹-› (b) impersonal (cp. 10 X 10=many times, S.B.E. 43, 3): dasa-yojanika consisting of a good many miles DhA.III, 291. dasavassasahassāni dibbāni vatthāni paridahanto (“for ever and aye”) PvA.76, etc.

—kkhattuṃ (Sk. °kṛtvah) ten times DhA.I, 388; —pada (nt.) a draught-board (with 10 squares on each side); a pre-Buddhistic game, played with men and dice, on such a board D.I, 6; Vin.II, 10=III, 180 (°e kīḷanti); DA.I, 85. —bala, (Sk. daśabala) endowed with 10 (supernormal) powers, Ep. of the Buddhas, esp. of Kassapa Buddha Vin.I, 38=J.I, 84; S.II, 27; Vism.193, 391; DhA.I, 14; VvA.148, 206, etc. —vidha tenfold DhA.I, 398. —sata ten times a hundred Vin.I, 38 (°parivāro); Sn.179 (yakkhā); DhsA.198 (°nayano). —sahassa ten times a thousand (freq.); °ī in dasa-sahassi-lokadhātu Vin.I, 12 (see lokadhātu). (Page 315)

— or —

Dāsa, (Ved. dāsa; orig. adj. meaning “non-Aryan, ” i.e. slave (cp. Gr. baρbaros, Ger. sklave=slave); Av. dāha= a Scythian tribe. Also connected w. dasyu (see dassukhīla)) a slave, often combd w. f. dāsī. Def. by Bdhgh as “antojāto” (DA.I, 300), or as “antojātadhanakkīta-karamarânīta-sāmaṃ dāsabyaṃ upagatānaṃ aññataro” (ibid. 168).—In phrase dāsā ca kammakarā “slaves & labourers” Vin.I, 243, 272; II, 154; as dāso kammakaro “a slave-servant” D.I, 60 (cp. d.‹-› kammakara).—Vin.I, 72, 76 (dāso na pabbājetabbo: the slave cannot become a bhikkhu); D.I, 72; M.II, 68 (fig. taṇhā°); J.I, 200, 223; III, 343 (bought for 700 kahāpaṇas), 347; Pug.56; PvA.112.

—kammakara (porisa) a slave-servant, an unpaid labourer, a serf Vin.I, 240; A.I, 206; D.III, 189; DhA.IV, 1; —gaṇa a troop of slaves Pv IV.141; —purisa a servant J.I, 385; —porisa a servant, slave Sn.769 (cp. Nd1 11, where 4 kinds of d. are mentioned); —lakkhaṇa fortunetelling from (the condition of) slaves D.I, 9. (Page 320)

— or —

Dasā, (f.) & dasa (nt.) (Sk. daśā) unwoven thread of a web of cloth, fringe, edge or border of a garment D.I, 7 (dīgha° long-fringed, of vatthāni); J.V, 187; DhA.I, 180; IV, 106 (dasāni).—sadasa (nt.) a kind of seat, a rug (lit. with a fringe) Vin.IV, 171 (=nisīdana); opp. adasaka (adj.) without a fringe or border Vin.II, 301=307 (nisīdana). —anta edge of the border of a garment J.I, 467; DhA.I, 180 sq., 391. (Page 316)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

daśa (दश).—a (S) Ten. In comp. with Sanskrit words, as daśāvatāra, daśarātra, daśāha, daśadiśā &c., all of which, after this notice, it will be unnecessary to insert.

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daśā (दशा).—f (S) State or condition. 2 A period or stage of life, as youth, manhood &c. 3 A difficult or distressful condition; a pickle, plight, predicament. 4 The aspect or configuration of the planets; considered as influencing the fortunes of man. See mahādaśā & antardaśā. 5 (This is the plural of daśī) The unwoven ends of a cloth, the thrum. daśāñcēṃ pāgōṭēṃ or dhōtara A turban or dhotar having unwoven threads at its ends.

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dasa (दस).—a ( H) Ten. Pr. dasa gēlē pāñca rāhilē.

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dāśā (दाशा).—m A common term for the strengthening pieces of wood which are laid crosswise, at intervals, and built up within a thin wall: also for the stout pieces which are driven into the wall at its summit, to sustain the pākhāḍī (undergirding of the rafters).

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dāsa (दास).—m (S) A slave, or a servant for low offices. Ex. of comp. gṛhadāsa, bhagavaddāsa, strīdāsa, arthadāsa, viṣayadāsa. 2 A Shudra affix or appellation. 3 S A man of the fourth tribe. 4 A sage or philosopher.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daśa (दश).—

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daśā (दशा).—f State or condition. A period or stage of life, as youth, manhood &c. A difficult or distressful condition; a pickle, plight, predicament. The aspect or configuration of the planets. The unwoven ends of a cloth, the thrum. (This is the plural of daśī.) daśāñcēṃ pāgōṭēṃ or dhōtara A turban or dhōtara having un- woven threads at its end.

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dasa (दस).—a Ten. Ex. dasa gēlē pāñca rāhilē.

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dāsa (दास).—m A slave, a servant for low offices A sage or philosopher.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daśā (दशा).—1 The threads at the end of a piece of woven cloth, the fringe of a garment, the skirt, edge or hem of a garment; रक्तांशुकं पवनलोलदशं वहन्ती (raktāṃśukaṃ pavanaloladaśaṃ vahantī) Mk.1.2; छिन्नां इवाम्बरपटस्य दशाः पतन्ति (chinnāṃ ivāmbarapaṭasya daśāḥ patanti) 5.4.

2) The wick of a lamp; श्रेयोदशाग्रे स्फुरन् (śreyodaśāgre sphuran) Bh.3.129; Ku.4.3.

3) Age or time of life; see दशान्त (daśānta) below.

4) A period or stage of life; as बाल्य, यौवन (bālya, yauvana), &c.; दारक्रियायोग्यदशं च पुत्रम् (dārakriyāyogyadaśaṃ ca putram) R.5.4.

5) A period in general.

6) State, condition, circumstances; नीचैर्गच्छत्युपरि च दशा चक्रनेमिक्रमेण (nīcairgacchatyupari ca daśā cakranemikrameṇa) Me.111; विषमां हि दशां प्राप्य दैवं गर्हयते नरः (viṣamāṃ hi daśāṃ prāpya daivaṃ garhayate naraḥ) H.4.3.

7) State or condition of mind.

8) The result of actions, fate.

9) The aspect or position of planets (at birth).

1) The mind, understanding.

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Dāśa (दाश).—

1) A fisherman; इयं च सज्जा नौश्चेति दाशाः प्राञ्जलयोऽब्रुवन् (iyaṃ ca sajjā nauśceti dāśāḥ prāñjalayo'bruvan) Rām.7.46.32; Ms.8.48,49;1.34.

2) A servant, (dāsa q. v.).

Derivable forms: dāśaḥ (दाशः).

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Dāsa (दास).—

1) Slave, servant in general; गृहकर्मदासाः (gṛhakarmadāsāḥ) Bh. 1.1; गृह°, कर्म° (gṛha°, karma°) &c.

2) A fisherman; निषादो मार्गवं सूते दासं नौकर्मजीविनम् (niṣādo mārgavaṃ sūte dāsaṃ naukarmajīvinam) Ms.1.34.

3) A Śūdra, a man of the fourth caste.

4) A knowing man, one who knows the universal spirit.

5) Name of Vṛtrāsura.

6) A demon.

7) A savage, barbarian (opp. ārya).

8) A worthy recipient (dānapātra).

9) A word added to the name of Śūdra; cf. गुप्त (gupta).

Derivable forms: dāsaḥ (दासः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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