Ganita, Gaṇita: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ganita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ganit.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gaṇita (गणित).—A Viśvadeva, who used to calculate the course of time and ages. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 36).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gaṇita (गणित).—The science of computation (Algebra, Geometry and Arithmetic).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 15.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Gaṇita (गणित).—1. Computation, calculation; mathematics in general. 2. The mathematical component of astronomy and astrology. Note: Gaṇita is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gaṇita : (pp. of gaṇeti) counted. (nt.), arithmetic.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṇita (गणित).—n (S) Calculating, computing, arithmetical operations. 2 The science of computation, comprising arithmetic, algebra, and geometry; distinguished as pāṭīgaṇita, bījagaṇita, rēkhāgaṇita. 3 The sum of a series.

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gaṇita (गणित).—p S Counted, computed, reckoned.

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gaṇita (गणित).—prep By, to &c. each severally, per. Ex. vṛkṣāgaṇīka, khiḍakīgaṇīka, gṛhāgaṇīka, khēpēgaṇīka.

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gaṇīta (गणीत).—prep By, to &c. each severally, per. Ex. vṛkṣāgaṇīka, khiḍakīgaṇīka, gṛhāgaṇīka, khēpēgaṇīka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gaṇita (गणित).—n Calculating or computing. The science of computation mathe- matics. p Counted.

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gaṇita (गणित).—prep By, to, &c., each severally, per.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇita (गणित).—p. p. [gaṇ-kta]

1) Counted, numbered, calculated.

2) Regarded, cared for &c; see गण् (gaṇ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇita (गणित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Numbered, counted, reckoned, calculated. n.

(-taṃ) 1. The science of computation, comprising arithmetic, algebra, and geometry, distinguished as pāṭīgaṇitaṃ, vījagaṇitaṃ and rekhāgaṇitaṃ. 2. Calculating, numbering. E. gaṇa to count, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇita (गणित).—[adjective] numbered, reckoned, valued at ([instrumental]); [neuter] reckoning, calculation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaṇita (गणित):—[from gaṇ] mfn. counted, numbered, reckoned, calculated, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

2) [v.s. ...] n. reckoning, calculating, science of computation (comprising arithmetic, algebra, and geometry, pāṭīor vyakta-, bīja-, & rekhā-), [Mahābhārata i, 293; Mṛcchakaṭikā i, 4; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the astronomical or astrological part of a Jyotiḥśāstra (with the exception of the portion treating of nativities), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] the sum of a progression

5) [v.s. ...] sum (in general).

6) Gaṇitā (गणिता):—[from gaṇ] f. of ta q.v.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gaṇita (गणित):—s. u. gaṇay; gaṇitakaumudī f. Titel eines Commentars zur Līlāvatī [Colebrooke II, 421. 454.] — gaṇitatattvacintāmaṇi m. Titel eines Comm. zu Bhāskara’s Sūryasiddhānta ebend. [395 u.s.w.] (vgl. [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 843]). — gaṇitamālatī f. Titel eines mathem. Werkes ebend. [451.] — gaṇitasāra m. desgl. ebend. — gaṇitādhyāya m. Titel eines Kapitels im Brahmasiddhānta ebend. [419.] gaṇitāmṛtasāgarī f. Titel eines Commentars zur Līlāvatī [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 831.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gaṇita (गणित) [Also spelled ganit]:—(nm) Mathematics; ~[jña] a mathematician; —[vidyā] mathematical science; [gaṇitīya] mathematical; •[sāṃkhyikī] mathematical Statistics.

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