Dasama, Dashama: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Dasama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dasham.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Daśama (दशम) refers to the “tenth (month)” (after pregnancy), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogised Goddess Śivā:—“Thus eulogising, in many ways, the great goddess stationed in the womb, the gods returned to their abodes, highly delighted in their minds. When nine months were completed, in the tenth month [i.e., daśamadaśame māsi], the goddess, the mother of the universe, bore all the states of a child in the womb in the complete form. The time was good. The planets, stars and the luminary heavenly bodies were quiet; the sky was clear and there was brilliance in all the quarters. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Daśama (दशम) refers to the “tenth (year)” (of Yogic breathing exercises), according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] In the tenth (daśama) [year], he can move [as fast as] his mind and cheerfully go wherever he wishes. In the eleventh year, he is omniscient and a yogin who possesses the Siddhis. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A householder (gahapati) of Atthakanagara. One day, having finished some business which took him to Pataliputta, he visited the Kukkutarama to call upon Ananda. Learning that Ananda was at Beluvagama near Vesali, he visited him there and held a discussion with him, which is recorded in the Atthakanagara Sutta. Later, assembling the monks from Pataliputta and Vesali, he entertained them and presented each with two lengths of cloth, while to Ananda he gave a suit of three robes and built for him a cell costing five hundred pieces (M.i.349ff; A.v.342ff).

Buddhaghosa says (MA.ii.571; AA.ii.866) that Dasama was so called because in the order of precedence with regard to aristocracy of birth and wealth, he occupied the tenth rank.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daśama (दशम).—a (S) Tenth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

daśama (दशम).—m A tooth. daśama a Tenth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daśama (दशम).—n. (- f.) Tenth.

-mam A tenth part

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśama (दशम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Tenth. f. (-mī) 1. The tenth day of the half month. 2. The tenth or last stage of human life, the last ten years of a century. E. daśan ten, and maṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśama (दशम).—i. e. daśan + ma, I. ordinal number, f. , Tenth, Chr. 47. 38. Ii. f. , 1. The tenth day of the half month, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 276. 2. The tenth decade of human life, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 137. Iii. n. A tenth part, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 33.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśama (दशम).—[feminine] i the tenth; [neuter] [adverb] for the tenth time; [feminine] ī the tenth day of the half moon, the tenth decad of the life.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daśama (दशम):—[from daśa] mf(ī)n. the 10th, [Ṛg-veda i] (with yuga = , [158, 6]); [x; Atharva-veda v; xiii; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. with ahan, the last day of the day of the Daśa-rātra ceremony, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ii; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xii; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] (without ahan), [Lāṭyāyana]

4) [v.s. ...] (proparox, [Pāṇini 5-3, 49]) a 10th part, [Manu-smṛti viii f.]

5) [from daśa] cf. [Latin] decimus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśama (दशम):—[(maḥ-mī-maṃ) a.] Tenth. f. The tenth day of the half month; the tenth stage of life.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dasama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Daśama (दशम) [Also spelled dasham]:—(a) the tenth.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daśama (ದಶಮ):—

1) [adjective] preceded by nine others in a continuous series; tenth; 10th.

2) [adjective] designating any of the ten equal parts of a whole.

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Daśama (ದಶಮ):—[noun] the tenth one in a continuous series.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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