Dvadasha, Dvādaśa, Dvādasa, Dvadasa: 19 definitions


Dvadasha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dvādaśa can be transliterated into English as Dvadasa or Dvadasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Dwadash.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dvadasha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dvādaśa (द्वादश, “twelve”) refers to “twelve things to be given”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, “[...] there are twelve things (dvādaśa) to be given in the twelve months beginning with Caitra or all together on an auspicious occasion for the flourishing of what is cherished. They are:—(1) cow, (2) plots of land, (3) gingelly seeds, (4) gold, (5) ghee, (6) cloth, (7) food-grains, (8) jaggery, (9) silver, (10) salt, (11) ash gourd and (12) a virgin. Gift of cows, milk-products, cow-dung (in the form of manure etc.) ward off the sins accruing from wealth and grain while sins connected with water, oil etc. are warded off by cow’s urine”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Dvādaśa (द्वादश) [Cf. Dvādaśaka] or Dvādaśāṅgula refers to “twelve” (e.g., twelve fingers’ space), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—According to the Ṭīkā the length of the body is eighty-four finger-spans up to the end of the head. Beyond that is the place of the Triple Peak Mountain—Trikūṭa—that covers twelve fingers’ space [i.e., aṅgula-dvādaśaka] and is the End of the Twelve. Together they cover a distance equivalent to the width of ninety-six fingers.

2) Dvādaśa (द्वादश) or Dvādaśaśloka refers to the “twelve verses”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “[...] salute with (my) head that goddess, the venerable Kulālī who, like the rays of the moon, is the first path of Vṛkṣasiddha (the First Teacher). Like the (most excellent) quality of nectar, she is the wealth of grace attained—she who is conjoined to the one and sole abode (of the supreme). Residing in the Twelve Knots [i.e., dvādaśa-granthi], she is like the young (dawning) sun of the Twelve Verses [i.e., dvādaśa-ślokaślokānāṃ dvādaśānāṃ], impurity quelled, she is Kuṇḍalinī”.

3) Dvādaśa (द्वादश) or Dvādaśagranthi also refers to the “twelve knots” (Cf. previous definition).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Dvadasha in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Dvādaśa (द्वादश) refers to the “twelve (digits)” (of the sun), according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The sphere of the sun is at the base of the Central Channel, complete with twelve digits (kalā-dvādaśa), shining with its rays. The lord of creatures (Prajāpati), of intense appearance, travels upwards on the right. Staying in the pathways in the spaces in the channels it pervades the entire body. The sun consumes the lunar secretion, wanders in the sphere of the wind and burns up all the bodily constituents in all bodies”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Dvādaśa (द्वादश) refers to the “twelve (causes)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 4).—Accordingly, “[Question: Why is the Buddha called Sugata?]—[Answer]: [...] He alone knows who can be saved, who is sick or weakened, what each one needs to be saved, to whom it is suitable to preach generosity (dāna) or discipline (śīla) or nirvāṇa, to whom he can expound the system (dharma) of the five elements (pañcaskandha), the twelve causes (dvādaśa-hetupratyaya) or the four truths (caturāryasatya), etc., in order to introduce them into the Path. It is under aspects such as these that he knows the extent of knowledge (jñānabala) of his disciples and that, consequently, he preaches the doctrine. This is why he is called Sugata, well-spoken”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Dvādaśa (द्वादश) refers to “twelve” (e.g., ‘the twelve links of dependent origination’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The sphere of mind (manas) is the realm of the Buddha, and in the realm of the Buddha there is no nearness or farness. Why is that? This is because the realm of the Buddha is the transcendent realm, and the transcendent realm is beyond the realm of mind. It is the same case with the parts of personality, spheres, fields of sense perception, and the twelve links of dependent origination (dvādaśa-aṅga-pratītyasamutpāda). In this way, son of good family, the Bodhisattva enters into every realm as transcendent, and belonging to the realm of the Buddha. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvadasha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dvādasa : (adj.) twelve.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvādaśa (द्वादश).—a (S) Twelve or twelfth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvādaśa (द्वादश).—a Twelve or twelfth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvādaśa (द्वादश).—&c. See under द्वि (dvi).

See also (synonyms): dvāja, dvātriṃśat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvādaśa (द्वादश).—mf. (-śaḥ-śī) Twelfth. f. (-śī) The twelfth day of the half month E. dvādaśan, and ṭac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvādaśa (द्वादश).—[dvā-daśa], I. ordln. numb., f. śī, Twelfth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 36; 7, 130. Ii. f. śī, The twelfth day of the half-month, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvādaśa (द्वादश).—[feminine] ī the twelfth, consisting of twelve; [neuter] the number twelve or an aggregate of 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvādaśa (द्वादश):—[=dvā-daśa] [from dvā] a See below.

2) [=dvā-daśa] [from dvā] 1. dvā-daśa mf(ī)n. the twelfth, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. ([dual number] the eleventh and twelfth, [Kāṭhaka])

3) [v.s. ...] ifc. (f(ā). ) forming 12 with (cf. aśva- [additions])

4) [v.s. ...] consisting of 12, 12 fold, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] increased by 12 [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

6) [=dvā-daśa] [from dvā] n. a collection or aggregate of 12 [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

7) [=dvā-daśa] [from dvā] 2 for -daśan in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvādaśa (द्वादश):—[dvā-daśa] (śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) a. Twelve or twelfth f. Twelfth of the half month.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dvādaśa (द्वादश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Duvālasama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dvadasha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvadasha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dvādaśa (द्वादश) [Also spelled dwadash]:—(a) twelve; twelfth; (nm) the number twelve.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dvādaśa (ದ್ವಾದಶ):—[adjective] preceded by eleven others in a series; twelfth; 12th; totalling twelve.

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Dvādaśa (ದ್ವಾದಶ):—[noun] the cardinal number twelve; 12.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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