Dasaka, aka: Dāsaka, Dashaka; 7 Definition(s)


Dasaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Daśaka (दशक).—A name given to the treatise on grammar written by व्याघ्रपाद (vyāghrapāda) which consisted of 10 chapters; cf. दशकं वैयाघ्रपदीयम् (daśakaṃ vaiyāghrapadīyam) Kas. on P V. 1.58. The word also means students reading the work दशक (daśaka); cf. दशका वैयाघ्रपदीयाः (daśakā vaiyāghrapadīyāḥ) Kas. on P. IV.2.65.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Dasaka Thera - He was born in Savatthi and was appointed by Anathapindika to look after the vihara. There, being impressed by what he saw and heard, he entered the Order. Some say that he was the son of a slave woman of Anathapindika. The setthi was pleased with him and freed him that he might become a monk. It is said that in a previous birth he had ordered an arahant to do some work for him, hence his birth as a slave. From the time he was ordained he became slothful and fond of sleep. The Buddha admonished him, and, much agitated, he put forth effort and realised arahantship.

Ninety one kappas ago he met the Pacceka Buddha Ajita and gave him some beautiful mangoes to eat. Later, in the time of Kassapa Buddha, he was a monk (Thag.17; ThagA.i.68ff).

Perhaps it is this same Dasaka who is mentioned in the Samyutta Nikaya (S.iii.127ff; SA.ii.230) as having been sent by the monks of Kosambi to Khemaka, carrying messages to and fro till he had walked up and down over two yojanas.

2. Dasaka Thera - Friend of Sonaka and pupil of Upali. He was a learned brahmin of Vesali, and, meeting Upali at the Valikarama, had a discussion with him, at the end of which he entered the Order for the purpose of studying the Doctrine. He learnt the whole of the Tipitaka and became an arahant. Later he ordained Sonaka, son of the caravan guide, and teacher of Siggava and Candavajji. After Upalis death, Dasaka became chief of the teachers of the Vinaya. Mhv.v.104ff; Dpv.iv.28ff; v.77ff; Vin.v.2; Sp.i.32, 235; but see Dvy.3ff.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

dasaka : (nt.) a decade; a group of ten.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dasaka, (nt.) 1. a decad, decade, a decennial J.IV, 397; DhsA.316. khiḍḍā° the decad of play Vism.619; cakkhu° etc. sense-decads Vism. 553; Comp. 164, 250; kāya°, Vism. 588. (Page 316)

— or —

Dāsaka, =dāsa in °putta a slave, of the sons of the slaves, mentioned as one of the sipp’āyatanas at D.I, 51≈ (expl. by Bdhgh as balavasinehā-gharadāsa-yodhā DA.I, 157).—sadāsaka with slaves, followed by slaves Vv 324.—f. dāsikā a female slave (=dāsī) M.I, 126; J.VI, 554. (Page 320)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

ḍasakā (डसका).—a (ḍasaṇēṃ) Addicted to biting--a horse, dog &c. snake, horse, dog.

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daśaka (दशक).—m (S) An aggregate of ten. 2 In arithmetic. The ten carried or borrowed. 3 Ten percent.

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dasaka (दसक).—m (daśaka S) In arithmetic. A ten borrowed or carried. Hence 2 Ascendancy, superiority, predominance or advantage acquired over. v caḍha g. of s. & vara of o. also ghē, ṭhēva, basava, caḍhava, bāḷaga. (Because the ten borrowed is placed over the head of the figure yielding it. 3 An aggregate of ten.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍasakā (डसका).—a Addicted to biting.

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daśaka (दशक).—m An aggregate of ten. (In Arith- metic.) The ten carried or borrowed.

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dasaka (दसक).—m Ascendancy, superiority, pre dominance or advantage acquired over. v vara caḍha, ghē, ṭhēva, caḍhava, bāḷaga.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daśaka (दशक).—a. Consisting of ten, tenfold; कामजो दशको गणः (kāmajo daśako gaṇaḥ) Ms.7.47.

-kam A group of ten; decad; पदातिलक्षदशकम् (padātilakṣadaśakam) Ks.12.18.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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