Caturdasha, Caturdaśa, Cāturdaśa, Catur-dasha, Caturdashan, Catur-dashan, Caturdaśan: 25 definitions
Caturdasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Caturdaśa and Cāturdaśa and Caturdaśan can be transliterated into English as Caturdasa or Caturdasha or Caturdasan or Caturdashan, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdasha.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश) refers to “fourteen (worlds)”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, I will (now) tell you about the god of Kāmarūpa. (His) city is fashioned all around with pillars of sapphire. It has palaces, mansions, arches, banners, goads, and bows. The god holds five arrows and is accompanied by Kāmeśvarī. Without a body and in the form of light, he melts away the entire universe. He is the lord of the fourteen worlds [i.e., caturdaśa-bhuvana] and holds the staff (of authority). Everything, including passion and the rest, takes place impelled by his will. Thus, it is located in the foremost portion, above Mind Beyond Mind. O Pārvatī, one should meditate on it above the Cavity of Brahmā within the End of the Twelve”.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश) refers to the “fourteen goddesses (to whom all fourteen worlds bow)” and is used to describe the Goddesses of the eight powers of Kāmadeva, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I worship those compassionately-disposed goddesses of red-complexion, the eight powers of the bodiless [love-god Kāmadeva], who have arisen like shadows of the goddess [Nityā Sundarī] and are very difficult to conquer. I venerate those fourteen goddesses (caturdaśa—caturdaśa bhaje śaktīḥ), with Sarvasaṃkṣobhaṇī at the fore, to whom [all] fourteen worlds bow. They carry a bow and arrows made of sugarcane. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश) refers to the “fourteenth (Manu)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.34 (“The Story of Anaraṇya”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha said to Himavat (Himācala): “The king Anaraṇya hailed from the race of the fourteenth (caturdaśa) Manu Indrasāvarṇi, The great king Anaraṇya, born of Maṅgalāraṇya was very strong. He was a special devotee of Śiva and ruled over the seven continents. Having Bhṛgu as his priest he performed a hundred sacrifices. He did not accept the position of Indra even when offered by the gods. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch
Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्) refers to “fourteen (days)”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] If [the Yogin] who abides in absorption remains [in it] up to the end of fourteen days (caturdaśa-dina), he [gains] the Siddhi called Aṇimā, by which the state of being extremely small is obtained. [...]”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (dharma)
Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्) refers to the “fourteen (foundations)” (of knowledge and religion), according to the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (section 1.3cd).—Accordingly, “The [four] Vedas along with the Purāṇas, Nyāya, Mīmāṃsa, Dharmaśāstras and the [six] auxiliaries of the Vedas are the fourteen (caturdaśan) foundations of knowledge and religion”.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—a (S) Fourteen: also fourteenth.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—a Fourteen: also fourteenth.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Cāturdaśa (चातुर्दश).—a. Appearing on the fourteenth day.
-śam A demon (caturdaśyāṃ dṛśyate iti) (Sk.)
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Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—a. fourteenth.
Caturdaśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and daśa (दश).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्).—[adjective] fourteen.
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Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्).—[adjective] fourteen.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्):—[catur-daśan] (śa) a. Idem.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश):—[catur-daśa] (śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) a. Fourteen.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्):—[=catur-daśan] [from catur > catasṛ] (cat), a [plural] ([locative case] śasu, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ix, 3, 2, 8]) 14 [Ṛg-veda x, 114, 7; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra];
2) [from catur > catasṛ] cf. [Latin] quatuordecim; [Lithuanian] keturōlikaSource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्).—a. fourteen. °रत्नानि (ratnāni) (pl.) the fourteen 'jewels' churned out of the ocean; (their names are contained in the following popular Maṅgalāṣṭaka :-lakṣmīḥ kaustubhapārijātakasurā dhanvantariścandramā gāvaḥ kāmadughāḥ sureśvaragajo rambhādidevāṅganāḥ | aśvaḥ saptamukho viṣaṃ haridhanuḥ śaṅkho'mṛtaṃ cāmbudhe ratnānīha caturdaśa pratidinaṃ kuryuḥ sadā maṅgalam ||). °विद्या (vidyā) (pl.) the fourteen lores; (they are:-ṣaḍaṅgamiśritā vedā dharmaśāstraṃ purāṇakam | mīmāṃsā tarkamapi ca etā vidyāścaturdaśa ||).
Caturdaśan is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and daśan (दशन्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश):—[=catur-daśa] [from catur > catasṛ] mf(ī)n. the 14th, [Yājñavalkya ii, 113; Rāmāyaṇa ii; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 3, 18]
2) [v.s. ...] consisting of 14 [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā ix, 34; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra ix, xiv; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya xvii, 19]
3) Cāturdaśa (चातुर्दश):—[from cātura] mfn. ([gana] saṃdhivelādi) appearing on the caturdaśī (14th day), [Pāṇini 4-2, 92; Kāśikā-vṛtti]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—[feminine] ī the fourteenth, consisting of fourteen; [feminine] ī the 14th day in a lunar fortnight.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्).—[catur-daśan], numeral, Fourteen, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 442.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—i. e. caturda- śan + a, I. ord. number, f. śī, Fourteenth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 112, 25. Ii. f. śī, The fourteenth day of the half of a lunar month, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 113.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caturdaśan (चतुर्दशन्).—mfn. plur. (-daśa) Fourteen. E. catur and daśan ten.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) Fourteen. f. (-śī) The fourteenth lunation. E. caturdaśa, and ṭac aff.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cauddaha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] totalling to fourteen.
2) [adjective] preceded by, occurring or being after, thirteen others in a series; fourteenth.
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Caturdaśa (ಚತುರ್ದಶ):—[noun] the cardinal number fourteen; 14.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+18): Caturdasha-vidya-sthana, Caturdashabhaga, Caturdashabhuvana, Caturdashadha, Caturdashadhare, Caturdashadina, Caturdashaguna, Caturdashagunanaman, Caturdashagunasthana, Caturdashahan, Caturdashaka, Caturdashakshara, Caturdashalakshana, Caturdashalakshani, Caturdashalakshanikroda, Caturdashaloka, Caturdashalokapala, Caturdashama, Caturdashamaharatnesha, Caturdashamanu.
Full-text (+22): Caturdashadha, Caturdashagunasthana, Paricaturdashan, Caturdashagunanaman, Caturdasharca, Caturdashavidha, Caturdashasvapanavicara, Caturdashamataviveka, Caturdasharatra, Caturdashasamadvandva, Caturdashaguna, Caturdashama, Caturdashakshara, Caturdashishanti, Tricaturdasha, Mukundacaturdasha, Cauddaha, Caturdasha-vidya-sthana, Shatashas, Caturdashi.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Caturdasha, Caturdaśa, Catur-daśan, Cāturdaśa, Catur-dasa, Catur-daśa, Catur-dasha, Caturdashan, Catur-dashan, Caturdaśan, Caturdasa, Caturdasan, Catur-dasan; (plurals include: Caturdashas, Caturdaśas, daśans, Cāturdaśas, dasas, daśas, dashas, Caturdashans, dashans, Caturdaśans, Caturdasas, Caturdasans, dasans). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.5.80 < [Chapter 5 - Eating the Mendicant Brāhmaṇa’s Offerings]
Verse 2.1.284 < [Chapter 1 - The Beginning of the Lord’s Manifestation and His Instructions on Kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana]
Verse 2.8.73-074 < [Chapter 8 - The Manifestation of Opulences]
Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation) (by Swami Lokeswarananda)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.2.46-47 < [Chapter 2 - Divya (the celestial plane)]
Verse 2.1.41 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 1.2.31-32 < [Chapter 2 - Divya (the celestial plane)]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Rivers in Ancient India (study) (by Archana Sarma)