Caturdasha, Caturdaśa, Cāturdaśa, Catur-dasha: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Caturdasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Caturdaśa and Cāturdaśa can be transliterated into English as Caturdasa or Caturdasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdasha.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Caturdasha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश) refers to “fourteen (worlds)”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, I will (now) tell you about the god of Kāmarūpa. (His) city is fashioned all around with pillars of sapphire. It has palaces, mansions, arches, banners, goads, and bows. The god holds five arrows and is accompanied by Kāmeśvarī. Without a body and in the form of light, he melts away the entire universe. He is the lord of the fourteen worlds [i.e., caturdaśa-bhuvana] and holds the staff (of authority). Everything, including passion and the rest, takes place impelled by his will. Thus, it is located in the foremost portion, above Mind Beyond Mind. O Pārvatī, one should meditate on it above the Cavity of Brahmā within the End of the Twelve”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश) refers to the “fourteen goddesses (to whom all fourteen worlds bow)” and is used to describe the Goddesses of the eight powers of Kāmadeva, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I worship those compassionately-disposed goddesses of red-complexion, the eight powers of the bodiless [love-god Kāmadeva], who have arisen like shadows of the goddess [Nityā Sundarī] and are very difficult to conquer. I venerate those fourteen goddesses (caturdaśacaturdaśa bhaje śaktīḥ), with Sarvasaṃkṣobhaṇī at the fore, to whom [all] fourteen worlds bow. They carry a bow and arrows made of sugarcane. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturdasha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—a (S) Fourteen: also fourteenth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—a Fourteen: also fourteenth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturdasha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāturdaśa (चातुर्दश).—a. Appearing on the fourteenth day.

-śam A demon (caturdaśyāṃ dṛśyate iti) (Sk.)

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Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—a. fourteenth.

Caturdaśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and daśa (दश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—min.

(-śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) Fourteen. f. (-śī) The fourteenth lunation. E. caturdaśa, and ṭac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—i. e. caturda- śan + a, I. ord. number, f. śī, Fourteenth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 112, 25. Ii. f. śī, The fourteenth day of the half of a lunar month, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 113.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश).—[feminine] ī the fourteenth, consisting of fourteen; [feminine] ī the 14th day in a lunar fortnight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश):—[=catur-daśa] [from catur > catasṛ] mf(ī)n. the 14th, [Yājñavalkya ii, 113; Rāmāyaṇa ii; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 3, 18]

2) [v.s. ...] consisting of 14 [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā ix, 34; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra ix, xiv; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya xvii, 19]

3) Cāturdaśa (चातुर्दश):—[from cātura] mfn. ([gana] saṃdhivelādi) appearing on the caturdaśī (14th day), [Pāṇini 4-2, 92; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश):—[catur-daśa] (śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) a. Fourteen.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Caturdaśa (चतुर्दश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cauddaha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Caturdasha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturdasha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caturdaśa (ಚತುರ್ದಶ):—

1) [adjective] totalling to fourteen.

2) [adjective] preceded by, occurring or being after, thirteen others in a series; fourteenth.

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Caturdaśa (ಚತುರ್ದಶ):—[noun] the cardinal number fourteen; 14.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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