Dakshayani, aka: Dākṣāyaṇī, Dākṣāyaṇi; 7 Definition(s)
Dakshayani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Dākṣāyaṇī and Dākṣāyaṇi can be transliterated into English as Daksayani or Dakshayani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी) is depicted as a sculpture on the tenth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—There are three panels on the square portion of the pillar besides one on the medallion. In the uppermost panel there are decorative motifs. The sacrifice by Dakṣa and his daughter Dākṣāyaṇī committing satī, falling in the fire, is the main theme of the central panel.
The story goes from right to left. Dākṣāyaṇī, on Nandin, the bull, arrives alone at the spot where all the gods are assembled for the sacrifice. The main deities are sitting in the centre while others are standing and one of them (to the right) is in a kind of vajrāṣana with folded hands. At the extreme left of the panel is a lady sitting. From the hairstyle and other attires it looks like Dākṣāyaṇī (Pārvati) with her yogic power preparing to jump in the fire. Immediately in the next scene we notice a female figure in the midst of flames. That is Dākṣāyaṇī in the fire engulfed by the flames. Another name of Dākṣāyaṇī is Satī.
The lowest of all panels has images of dwarfs in dance postures. It seems to be a succession of dance poses continuing from one façade to the following façade. On the north and the south façades are male figures whereas in the east and west are females.Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Dākṣāyaṇi (दाक्षायणि).—Daughter of Dakṣa. This name is generally used for all the daughters of Dakṣa. Occasionally this name is used for the grand daughters of Dakṣa also.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Dākṣāyaṇi (दाक्षायणि).—A son of Dāruka, an avatār of the Lord.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 196.
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 10; 128. 50; 199. 20.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 59.
- 3) Ib. III. 7. 472; IV. 11. 2-5.
Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी).—The daughter of Dakṣa, Dākṣāyaṇī, i.e. future Pārvatī, arrives alone to the ceremony where her father is performing a sacrifice for which neither she nor her husband Śiva are invited. Although his daughter is married to Śiva, Dakṣa did not have any regard towards his son-in-law for the reason that he is not rich. In spite of the absence of invitation, when she arrives alone to the spot of the sacrificial ceremonies, her father and others insult her. Unable to withstand their insults, she goes near the sacrificial fire altar and jumps in it.Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी) or Dākṣāyaṇīrasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, atisāra: diarrhoea). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Meghanādā is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., dākṣāyaṇī-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Dākshāyani (दाक्षायणी): Dākshāyani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity; she is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of their husbands. An aspect of Devi, Dākshāyani is the consort of Shiva. Other names for Dākshāyani include Gaurī, Umā, Satī, Aparnā, Lalithā, Sivakāmini.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी).—[dakṣasyāpatyaṃ strī iñi phak-ṅīp]
1) Any one of the 27 lunar mansions (they being mythologically regarded as so many daughters of Dakṣa).
2) Name of Diti, wife of Kasyapa and mother of the demons. Bhāg.8.4.22.
3) Name of Pārvatī.
4) The lunar constellation called Revatī.
5) Name of Kadru or Vinatā.
6) Name of Aditi, mother of the gods.
7) The Dantī plant.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Dākṣāyaṇīrasa (दाक्षायणीरस) or simply Dākṣāyaṇī is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in t...
Dākṣāyaṇīpati (दाक्षायणीपति).—1) an epithet of Śiva. 2) the moon. Derivable forms: dākṣāyaṇīpat...
Dākṣāyaṇīputra (दाक्षायणीपुत्र).—a god.Derivable forms: dākṣāyaṇīputraḥ (दाक्षायणीपुत्रः).Dākṣā...
Dharma.—(SII 1), the sacred law; religious merit; a meri- torious gift, a pious work, a charity...
Gaurī.—a virgin; cf. gaurī-varāṭikā. Note: gaurī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossar...
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Umā (उमा) or Umāsaṃhitā refers to one of the seven books (saṃhitās) of the Śiva-purāṇa, accordi...
Dakṣa (दक्ष).—Two Dakṣas. In most of the Purāṇas references about two Dakṣas occur. In some pur...
Mārtaṇḍa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twelve.’ Note: mārtaṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary”...
Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—f. (-kā) The mother of Rahu. E. siṃhī a lioness, kan aff. of comparison, &am...
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Brahmakalā (ब्रह्मकला).—an epithet of Dākṣāyaṇī (who dwells in the heart of man). Brahmakalā is...
Śūlabhṛt (शूलभृत्).—m. epithets of Śiva; अधिगतधवलिम्नः शूलपाणेरभिख्याम् (adhigatadhavalimnaḥ śū...
Search found 8 books and stories containing Dakshayani, Dākṣāyaṇī or Dākṣāyaṇi. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 25 - Treatment for diarrhea (16): Daksayani rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Her parents (king Kumbha and queen Prabhāvatī) < [Chapter VI - Śrī Mallināthacaritra]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 4 - Sati Quits Her Body < [Canto IV - The Creation of the Fourth Order]
Chapter 7 - The Sacrifice Performed by Daksa < [Canto IV - The Creation of the Fourth Order]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)