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Dakshayani, aka: Dākṣāyaṇi; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dakshayani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dākṣāyaṇi can be transliterated into English as Daksayani or Dakshayani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी) is depicted as a sculpture on the tenth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—There are three panels on the square portion of the pillar besides one on the medallion. In the uppermost panel there are decorative motifs. The sacrifice by Dakṣa and his daughter Dākṣāyaṇī committing satī, falling in the fire, is the main theme of the central panel.

The story goes from right to left. Dākṣāyaṇī, on Nandin, the bull, arrives alone at the spot where all the gods are assembled for the sacrifice. The main deities are sitting in the centre while others are standing and one of them (to the right) is in a kind of vajrāṣana with folded hands. At the extreme left of the panel is a lady sitting. From the hairstyle and other attires it looks like Dākṣāyaṇī (Pārvati) with her yogic power preparing to jump in the fire. Immediately in the next scene we notice a female figure in the midst of flames. That is Dākṣāyaṇī in the fire engulfed by the flames. Another name of Dākṣāyaṇī is Satī.

The lowest of all panels has images of dwarfs in dance postures. It seems to be a succession of dance poses continuing from one façade to the following façade. On the north and the south façades are male figures whereas in the east and west are females.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Purāṇa

1a) Dākṣāyaṇi (दाक्षायणि).—A son of Dāruka, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 196.

1b) The previous avatār of Umā; stars regarded as her daughters;1 a daughter of Dakṣa;2 became Hiṃavān's daughter by worshipping Śiva.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 10; 128. 50; 199. 20.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 59.
  • 3) Ib. III. 7. 472; IV. 11. 2-5.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी).—The daughter of Dakṣa, Dākṣāyaṇī, i.e. future Pārvatī, arrives alone to the ceremony where her father is performing a sacrifice for which neither she nor her husband Śiva are invited. Although his daughter is married to Śiva, Dakṣa did not have any regard towards his son-in-law for the reason that he is not rich. In spite of the absence of invitation, when she arrives alone to the spot of the sacrificial ceremonies, her father and others insult her. Unable to withstand their insults, she goes near the sacrificial fire altar and jumps in it.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Dākshāyani (दाक्षायणी): Dākshāyani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity; she is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of their husbands. An aspect of Devi, Dākshāyani is the consort of Shiva. Other names for Dākshāyani include Gaurī, Umā, Satī, Aparnā, Lalithā, Sivakāmini.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

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