Dakshayani, Dākṣāyaṇī, Dākṣāyaṇi: 9 definitions

Introduction

Dakshayani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Dākṣāyaṇī and Dākṣāyaṇi can be transliterated into English as Daksayani or Dakshayani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी) is depicted as a sculpture on the tenth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—There are three panels on the square portion of the pillar besides one on the medallion. In the uppermost panel there are decorative motifs. The sacrifice by Dakṣa and his daughter Dākṣāyaṇī committing satī, falling in the fire, is the main theme of the central panel.

The story goes from right to left. Dākṣāyaṇī, on Nandin, the bull, arrives alone at the spot where all the gods are assembled for the sacrifice. The main deities are sitting in the centre while others are standing and one of them (to the right) is in a kind of vajrāṣana with folded hands. At the extreme left of the panel is a lady sitting. From the hairstyle and other attires it looks like Dākṣāyaṇī (Pārvati) with her yogic power preparing to jump in the fire. Immediately in the next scene we notice a female figure in the midst of flames. That is Dākṣāyaṇī in the fire engulfed by the flames. Another name of Dākṣāyaṇī is Satī.

The lowest of all panels has images of dwarfs in dance postures. It seems to be a succession of dance poses continuing from one façade to the following façade. On the north and the south façades are male figures whereas in the east and west are females.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dakshayani in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dākṣāyaṇi (दाक्षायणि).—Daughter of Dakṣa. This name is generally used for all the daughters of Dakṣa. Occasionally this name is used for the grand daughters of Dakṣa also.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी) is another of Satī (daughter of Dakṣa), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.29. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Then inciting the fury of Dakṣa further, she said to Viṣṇu and all other Devas and sages unhesitatingly.. Satī said:—‘[...] I am the offspring of your race as the bull-bannered lord Śiva has often said. Hence naturally my name has come to be Dākṣāyaṇī. This is distressing to me’”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dākṣāyaṇi (दाक्षायणि).—A son of Dāruka, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 196.

1b) The previous avatār of Umā; stars regarded as her daughters;1 a daughter of Dakṣa;2 became Hiṃavān's daughter by worshipping Śiva.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 10; 128. 50; 199. 20.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 59.
  • 3) Ib. III. 7. 472; IV. 11. 2-5.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी).—The daughter of Dakṣa, Dākṣāyaṇī, i.e. future Pārvatī, arrives alone to the ceremony where her father is performing a sacrifice for which neither she nor her husband Śiva are invited. Although his daughter is married to Śiva, Dakṣa did not have any regard towards his son-in-law for the reason that he is not rich. In spite of the absence of invitation, when she arrives alone to the spot of the sacrificial ceremonies, her father and others insult her. Unable to withstand their insults, she goes near the sacrificial fire altar and jumps in it.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी) or Dākṣāyaṇīrasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, atisāra: diarrhoea). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Meghanādā is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., dākṣāyaṇī-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dakshayani in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dākshāyani (दाक्षायणी): Dākshāyani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity; she is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of their husbands. An aspect of Devi, Dākshāyani is the consort of Shiva. Other names for Dākshāyani include Gaurī, Umā, Satī, Aparnā, Lalithā, Sivakāmini.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dakshayani in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी).—[dakṣasyāpatyaṃ strī iñi phak-ṅīp]

1) Any one of the 27 lunar mansions (they being mythologically regarded as so many daughters of Dakṣa).

2) Name of Diti, wife of Kasyapa and mother of the demons. Bhāg.8.4.22.

3) Name of Pārvatī.

4) The lunar constellation called Revatī.

5) Name of Kadru or Vinatā.

6) Name of Aditi, mother of the gods.

7) The Dantī plant.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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