Marisha, Mārisa, Marisa, Māriṣa, Marīṣā, Māriṣā, Mārīṣā, Marīsa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Marisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Māriṣa and Marīṣā and Māriṣā and Mārīṣā can be transliterated into English as Marisa or Marisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Māriṣa (मारिष) is a Sanskrit word referring to Amaranthus blitum var. oleraceus Duthie (purple amaranth), from the Amaranthaceae family. Certain plant parts of Māriṣa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Māriṣā (मारिषा).—A nymph created as a maiden of the Flora (See under Kaṇḍu).

2) Māriṣā (मारिषा).—A river of Purāṇic fame. (Śloka 36, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

3) Māriṣā (मारिषा).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. (Śloka 69, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Marīṣā (मरीषा).—A daughter of trees given by Soma as wife of Pracetasa for the generation of Dakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 33-7.

2) Māriṣa (मारिष).—A southern country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 59.

3) Māriṣā (मारिषा).—A daughter of a Bhoja king; wife of Devamīḍha and mother of Vasudeva and others.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 145.

4a) Mārīṣā (मारीषा).—A daughter of Kaṇḍu and Pramloca (of Soma Matsya-purāṇa) (of plants and trees, Śākhin Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) brought up by trees and married to Pracetasas who were the ten sons of Prācīnabarhisa; mother of Dakṣa: gave birth to trees, plants, and (R. Candravatī (m. p.) In the previous birth, she was the queen of a king who died young. She became a widow with no son; prayed to the Lord who blessed her with ten righteous husbands. These were the Pracetasas and had a number of sons; she herself had a miraculous birth.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 30. 13 and 47-9; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 107; II. 13. 70; 37. 32-8; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 49-50. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 8-9, 46-50, 61-71.

4b) The wife of Śūra and mother of Vasudeva and others.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 26-7.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Māriṣa (मारिष) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.35). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māriṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Māriṣa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VI.10.56, VI.10.58, VI.47.17, VI.52.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Marīsa (मरीस).—tad. affix मरीसच् (marīsac) added to the word अवि (avi) in the sense of milk; e.g. अविमरीसम् (avimarīsam); cf. अवेर्दुग्धे सोढदूसमरीसचः (averdugdhe soḍhadūsamarīsacaḥ) P. V. 2.36 Vārt. 5.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Marisha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mārisa : (adj.) (found only in voc.) Sir, Sirs.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mārisa, (adj.) (perhaps identical with mādisa) only in Voc. as respectful term of address, something like “Sir, ” pl. “Sirs. ” In sg. mārisa M. I, 327; A. III, 332; Sn. 814, 1036, 1038, 1045 etc.; Nd1 140=Nd2 508 (here explained by same formula as āyasmā, viz. piya-vacanaṃ garu-vacanaṃ etc.); J. V, 140; Pv. II, 133; Mhvs 1, 27.—pl. mārisā Sn. 682; J. I, 47, 49; Vism. 415; PvA. 75. Explained by Buddhaghosa to mean niddukkha K. S. I. 2 n. (Page 530)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Marīsa (मरीस).—Milk.

Derivable forms: marīsam (मरीसम्).

--- OR ---

Māriṣa (मारिष).—

1) A respectable, worthy or venerable man, (used in dramas in the voc. as a respectful mode of address by the Sūtradhāra to one of the principal actors; see U. 1; Māl.1.); शूरो मातामहः कच्चित् स्वस्त्यास्ते वाऽथ मारिषः (śūro mātāmahaḥ kaccit svastyāste vā'tha māriṣaḥ) Bhāg.1.14.26.

2) Amaranthus Oleraceus (Mar. tāṃduḷajā).

Derivable forms: māriṣaḥ (मारिषः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māriṣa (मारिष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) A venerable person, (in dramatic language, especially the title of the manager, or principal actor.) mf. (-ṣaḥ-ṣī) A potherb, (Amaranthus oleraceus.) f. (-ṣī) The mother of the sage Daksha. E. mṛṣ to bear patiently, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māriṣa (मारिष).— (for mārṣa, q. cf.), I. m. A venerable person (in dramatic language), [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 3, 6. Ii. f. ṣā, The mother of Dakṣa, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 59, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māriṣa (मारिष).—[masculine] honourable man (often in [vocative] as a respectful address).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marīsa (मरीस):—n. milk (in avi-m q.v.)

2) Māriṣa (मारिष):—m. (perhaps [from] Pāli mārisa = mādṛśa, ‘colleague’; cf. mārṣa) a worthy or respectable man ([especially] in the [vocative case] as a term of address = ‘worthy friend’ or ‘dear sir’ ; in [dramatic language] applied to the manager or one of the principal actors), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) Amaranthus Oleraceus, [Bhāvaprakāśa] [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata]

4) Māriṣā (मारिषा):—[from māriṣa] f. Name of the mother of Dakṣa, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Śūra, [Purāṇa], of a river, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māriṣa (मारिष):—(ṣaḥ) 1. m. A venerable person in the drama. m. f. (ṣaḥ-ṣī) A potherb. f. (ṣī) Mother of Daksha.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Marīsa (मरीस):—n. in avi.

--- OR ---

Māriṣa (मारिष):——

1) m. — a) ein ehrenwerther Mann ; fast immer in der Anrede. Nach [M.MÜLLER.] wahrscheinlich aus dem Pāli mārisa ( = mādaśa) zurückübersetzt ; als so v.a. College. — b) *ein best. Gemüse , Amaranthus oleraceus [Materia medica of the Hindus 309.] [Bhāvaprakāśa 1,182.] — c) Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes. —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium — a) der Mutter Dakṣa's. — b) der Gattin Śūra's. — c) eines Flusses.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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