Dampati: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Dampati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Dampati (दम्पति, “husband and wife”).—One of the Eleven Hands denoting Relationships.—(Instructions:) Left hand Śikhara, right hand Mṛga-śīrṣa, indicating female and male.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dampati (दम्पति) refers to “husbands and wives”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Lunar and solar eclipses terminate in ten ways [...] If there should occur a fall of good rain within the said period [i.e., seven days], there will be prosperity in the land and the evils described above will disappear. If on the new-moon day immediately succeeding a lunar eclipse, there should occur a solar eclipse, there will be dissensions among men and discord between husbands and wives [i.e., dampati]. If, on the contrary, there should occur a lunar eclipse on the full moon day immediately succeeding a solar eclipse, the Brāhmins will perform various sacrificial rites and mankind will be happy”.

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Dampati (दम्पति) refers to the “wedding” (of a couple), according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] The sacred formula (mantra) for placing the water clock: ‘O Water Clock, you have been created by Brahma as the foremost among the [time measuring] instruments. O auspicious one, be the means for measuring the auspicious time [for the wedding] of the couple [i.e., ]’.”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Dampati [दाम्पाती] in the Nepali language is the name of a plant identified with Thalictrum foliolosum DC. from the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup) family. For the possible medicinal usage of dampati, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dampati (दम्पति) refers to a “couple” (i.e., husband and wife), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, after Goddess Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā) granted a boon to Menā:—“[...] O sage, when their mutual sexual intercourse took place, Menā conceived and the child in the womb gradually grew up. She gave birth to a beautiful son Maināka [...] In the city of Himācala there was a wonderful celebration of the event. The couple [i.e., dampati] were highly delighted. Their pain was at an end. He gave monetary gifts and charitable offerings to brahmins. Their devotion to Śivā and Śiva became increased. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dampati (दम्पति) denotes ‘the master of the house’ in the Rigveda, but is more often used in the dual to designate ‘the master and the mistress’, an expression that may legitimately be deemed to show the high status of women at the time of the Rigveda. See Strī.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dampati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dampati : (m.) wife and husband.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dampati, (Sk. dampati master of the house; dual: husband & wife; cp. also patir dan, *dam, as in Gr. dώ, dώma & des- in despόths=dampati, short base of *dama house =Ved. dama, Gr. dQmos, Lat. domus to *demā (as also in dameti to domesticate) to build, cp. Gr. dέmw & dέmas; Goth. timrjan; Ohg. zimbar; E. timber) master of the house, householder, see tudampati & cp. gahapati. (Page 315)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dampatī (दंपती).—m n (S dam A wife, pati A husband.) pop. dampatya n A married pair, husband and wife. For dampatyapūjana-bhōjana &c. see under dampati.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dampatī (दंपती).—m n dampatya n A married pair, husband and wife.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dampatī (दम्पती).—m. (du.)

1) The lord of the house (Agni, Indra, the Aśvins); दम्पतीव क्रतुविदा जनेषु (dampatīva kratuvidā janeṣu) Ṛgveda 2.39.2.

2) (comp. of jāyā and pati) Husband and wife; तौ दम्पती वसिष्ठस्य गुरोर्जग्मतुराश्रमम् (tau dampatī vasiṣṭhasya gurorjagmaturāśramam) R.1.35;2.7; Manusmṛti 3.116.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dampati (दम्पति).—m. du. (-tī) Husband and wife. E. dam a wife, and pati a husband. jāyā ca patiśca dvandve jāyāśabdasya pakṣe damādeśaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dampati (दम्पति).—probably daṃs (= and ) -pati (= ), m. The master of the house; dual , The master and the mistress; husband and wife, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 116; a couple, [Pañcatantra] 225, 22. Cf. (= ved. dama), [Latin] domus; [Gothic.] timrjan; A. S. timber, timbrian.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṃpati (दंपति).—[masculine] master of the house, householder; [dual] husband and wife, male and female.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dampati (दम्पति):—[=dam-pati] a m. (dam-) (= δεσ-πότης) the lord of the house (Agni, Indra, the Aśvins), [, i; ii, 39, 2] (cf. [Pāṇini 1-1, 11 1; Kāśikā-vṛtti]), [; v, viii]

2) [v.s. ...] (ī) [dual number] ([gana] rājadantādi, the [compound] taken as a Dvandva and dam in the sense of ‘wife’), ‘the two masters’, husband and wife, [v, viii, x; Atharva-veda; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa] etc. (said of birds, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā vc; Hitopadeśa])

3) [v.s. ...] [according to] to some = ‘lord, master’, [from] √daṃs + p° cf. dan above; ī, [dual number], ‘master and mistress’.

4) [=dam-pati] b See 2. dam

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dampati (दम्पति):—(tī) 2. m. du. Husband and wife, male and female; a pair.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dampati (दम्पति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Daṃpai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dampati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dampati in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Daṃpati (दंपति):—(nm) a (married) couple, husband and wife.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daṃpati (ದಂಪತಿ):—

1) [noun] a man and a woman who are married to each other; a couple.

2) [noun] two similar or corresponding things joined, associated or used together; a pair.

3) [noun] the third sign of the zodiac, entered by the sun about 21st day of May; the Gemini.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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