Amaravati, aka: Amarāvati, Amarāvatī, Amaravatī; 17 Definition(s)
Amaravati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Amarāvatī (अमरावती) refers to the city of Indra, situated on the eastern lower slope of mount Meru, according to Parākhyatantra 5.66. Meru is the name of a golden mountained situated in the middle of nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa): Bhārata, Hari, Kimpuruṣa, Ramyaka, Ramaṇa, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla and Ilāvṛta. Together these khaṇḍas make up the continent known as Jambūdvīpa.
Amarāvatī is also known by the name Amara and is mentioned in various other sources, eg., the Svacchanda-tantra 10.132-136, Kiraṇa-āgama 8.51-54, Mṛgendra-āgama vidyāpāda 13.47-54, Sarvajñānottara-tantra adhvaprakaraṇa 34-36 and Mataṅga-āgama vidyāpāda 23.60-63
The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Amarāvatī (अमरावती) is the city city of Indra, guardian (dikpāla) of the eastern direction, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 76.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Amarāvatī (अमरावती) is the name of the capital of Indra and other gods according to the Śiva-purāṇa 3.18.2-3: “Formerly Indra and other gods defeated by the Asuras left their capital Amarāvatī due to fear. The gods harrassed by the Daityas went to Kaśyapa. Highly agitated, they bowed down to him with palms joined and shoulders drooping”.
Amarāvatī is the capital of Indra’s heaven, famous for its greatness and splendour. It is called Devapura, ‘city of gods’ and Pūṣābhāsā, ‘sun-splendour’ and by various other names.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Amarāvatī (अमरावती).—It is the city of Indra, the King of the Devas. Its location is described in Devī Bhāgavata as follows: "Brahmā’s world extends over 10,000 yojanas on the Mahāmeru mountain. There are eight cities-each 2,500 square yojanas in extent—of the Aṣṭadikpālakas in eight parts of this Brahmapurī. Thus there are nine cities on the top of the Mahā Meru. They are the following:—
In the centre is Brahmā’s city, Manovatī.
To the east of Manovatī, Indra’s city, Amarāvatī.
In the south-east corner, Agni’s city, Tejovatī.
On the southern side, Yama’s city, Saṃyamanī.
In the south-west corner, Nirrti’s city, Kṛṣṇāñjanā.
In the west, Varuṇa’s city, Śraddhāvatī.
In the north-west corner, Vāyu’s city, Gandhavatī.
In the north, Kubera’s city Mahodaya.
In the north-east corner, Śiva’s city, Yaśovatī. (Devī Bhāgavata, Aṣṭama Skandha).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Amarāvatī (अमरावती).—Heaven noted for the pleasure-park Nandana. A description of the city, occupied for some time by Bali.1 Though it was really the capital of Indra, the latter says that it belonged to Kṛṣṇa.2 When it is midday here, the sun rises at Samyamana.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 15. 11-22 and 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 26.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [67 (V) 26]; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 25.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 37; III. 13. 26 and 30; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 27.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Amarāvatī (अमरावती) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.164.42, III.170.25) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Amarāvatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Amarāvati (अमरावति, “immortality”):—The name of the city where Indira resides. Indra is the king of the gods. He is the ruler of the storm and represents the all-pervading electric energy. As a major deity in the Ṛg-veda, he also represents the cause of fertility.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Amarāvati (अमरावती): The city of IndraSource: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Amarāvatī (अमरावती).—The capital city of Lord Indra's heavenly abode. It has the power of greatly extending the life span of its residents.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Amaravati - Also called Amara. A city in the time of Dipankara Buddha. Sumedha was born there in a very rich family and renounced the world after having given his wealth away (Bu.ii.5; J.i.6; DhA.i.83, etc.). According to the Mahabodhivamsa (p.2) the city was so called because it was inhabited by men like gods.
2. Amaravati - A city in the time of Kondanna Buddha eighteen leagues in extent. It was in the Devavana, near the city, that Kondanna preached his first sermon (v.l. Arundhavati). BuA.108-9.
3. Amaravati - The city of Sakka, king of the gods. Sp.i.49; Cv.lxxx.5; it is described in the Mahabharata iii.1714ff.; see also Hopkins, Epic Mythology, 140f.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahy
Amarāvatī (अमरावती) is a relatively recent name for this site and its environs. The ancient name, Dhānyakaṭaka and its variant Dharanikoṭa, appears in numerous inscriptions. Perhaps the earliest reference to Dhānyakaṭaka appears on a pillar with several narratives, now in the Amarāvatī Site Museum. Along with several episodes from the life of the Buddha, the pillar in question, dated to the first century BCE, includes a depiction of a village scene and a river, which is labeled “Dhamnakada.”Source: Google Books: Shifting Stones, Shaping the Past
Amaravatī (अमरवती) was a great centre of Buddhism. An inscription from Amaravati, dated Ś. 1102, states that “there isa city named Dhānyakaṭaka..., where god Buddha, worshipped by the creator, is quite close, (and) where (there is) a very lofty Caitya, well decorated with various sculptures”. The great Caitya, mentioned here, seems to be identical with the famous Amaravatī-stupa.Source: Eastern Calukyas: Administration and Culture (buddhism)
Amarāvatī (अमरावती) is the name of a locality situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “southern district” of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Dhammapadaṭṭhakathā, there is a reference to the city of Amarāvatī. It is stated that the Buddha in one of his previous births as a Brahmin youth named Sumedha was born in that city. It is identical with modern city of Amaraoti close to the rivers of Dharanikotta (a mile west of ancient Amarāvatī on the Kriṣṇa famous for its ruined stūpa).Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Amaravati was during the Satavahana dynasty (200 BC) an important region where now artificats (metal images) have been found.—The Satavahanas who ruled in the Deccan and the South had a long reign of about 400 years (circa 200 BC to AD 200). The fine workmanship of the carvers reveals the high standard of efficiency of these craftsmen. The metal images found at Buddham, Amaravati, Kolhapur show the high watermark of metal work in the Satavahana period. The Ikshvakus succeeded the Satavahanas towards the end of the 2nd century AD and they were great patrons of art. The metal work of their period was equally good as their stone carving.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
amarāvatī (अमरावती).—f (S) The name of Indra's capital in Swarga.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
amarāvatī (अमरावती).—f The name of indra's capital in svarga.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Amarāvatī (अमरावती).—[amara-vat, ra being changed to rā by P. VI.3.119]
1) Abode of the gods, residence of Indra (said to be above Meru or the sun's orb; cf. Ki.7;2); ससंभ्रमेन्द्रद्रुतपातितार्गला निमीलिताक्षीव भियाऽमरावती (sasaṃbhramendradrutapātitārgalā nimīlitākṣīva bhiyā'marāvatī) K. P.1.
2) Name of a modern town in Berar, Amaravati.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 49 books and stories containing Amaravati, Amarāvati, Amarāvatī or Amaravatī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 4 - The Name Amaravatī < [Chapter 1-3 - Anudīpanī on words and phrases]
Chapter 3 - Sumedha the Brahmin < [Volume 1.1]
Chapter 4 - Renunciaton of Sumedha < [Volume 1.1]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 9 - Ṣaḍdanta-jātaka < [Chapter XX - The Virtue of Generosity and Generosity of the Dharma]
The Śaśa-Jātaka < [I. Puṇyakriyāvastu consisting of generosity]
Appendix 1 - The story of Nanda (the half-brother of the Buddha) < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Introduction < [Part 1 - Remote preface (dūre-nidāna)]
Discourse on Sumedha, the Future Gotama Buddha < [Part 1 - Remote preface (dūre-nidāna)]
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 2 - Dora I (A.D. 1118-1160) < [Chapter III - The Chagis (A.D. 1100-1477)]
Part 14 - The Yadavas of Yerragaddapadu < [Chapter XIV - The Yadavas]
Part 57 - Other feudatories in South Kalinga < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]
Change, Celebration and Practice (by Ajahn Sumedho)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)