Kukkuta, Kukkuṭā, Kukkuṭa: 31 definitions


Kukkuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kukkuṭā (कुक्कुटा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) refers to the “hen”, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. The meat like Kukkuṭa (hen) is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with Dadhi (curds).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) is another name for Śitāvarī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.50-52 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Dr. J.K. Ojhā identifies Śitāvarī as Celosia argentea Linn (“plumed cockscomb”; of the Amaranthaceae family) while the commentator of the Rājanighaṇṭu identifies it with Blepharis edulis Pers (“uttanjan”; from the Acanthaceae family); both are quite apart from each other. Together with the names Kukkuṭa and Śitāvarī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) (lit. “one who outcalls like kukuta”) refers to the Gray jungle fowl (Gallus Sonnerari), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) refers to a “cock”, the blood of which is used in certain bio-organical recipes for plant mutagenesis, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “Punica granatum seed sprinkled several times with the blood of a cock (kukkuṭa-rakta) and dried up in the sun and then sown immediately bears fruits if watered and smoked with human flesh and marrow”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hen/cock/rooster”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. It is also known by the names Caraṇāyudha and Dakṣa. The animal Kukkuṭa is part of the group of birds named Vartakādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of Cocks (caraṇāyudha) is unctuous, hot, aphrodisiac, bulk-promoting, voice-awakening and tonic. It excells at alleviating vāta. It is diaphorectic. The eggs of the Hen (dakṣa) are useful in diminished semen, cough, heart disease and injuries. They are sweet, bot cauising burning sensation and immediately strength-promoting.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “cock” (Galloperdix sp.). This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.

While the gaṇas such as Kukkuṭa were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट).—The banner of Skanda, presented to him by Vāyu: the standard of Kumāra;1 śrāddha piṇḍa;2 killer of, goes to hell.3 Cock crying in pradoṣa time is bad to the place.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 72. 45. a cock not to be fed with.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 455; 10. 47; 12. 34; 14. 48; 19. 44; Matsya-purāṇa 260. 50.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 165; 24. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 163.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 237. 5.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.74) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kukkuṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट, “cock”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The representations of certain animals and birds are generally found in the hands of images. They are, for example, Kukkuṭa.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kukkuta in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) refers to “cockerels”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225).—Accordingly, “[Then through the main entrance (of Caṇḍikā), the temple yard:] Her courtyard was adorned (vibhūṣita-aṅgaṇa) with thickets of red aśoka trees, the spaces between the branches of which were made gapless by flocks of perching red cockerels (rakta-kukkuṭa-kūla), [trees] which appeared to reveal unseasonal clusters of blooms in their fear”

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Kama-shastra (the science of Love-making)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (kama)

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) refers to a “cock”.—Cf. Meṣakukkuṭalāvakayuddhavidhi which refers to the “art of cock fighting, ram fighting and quail fighting”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

Kamashastra book cover
context information

Kamashastra (कामशास्त्र, kāmaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian science of love-making, passion, emotions and other related topics dealing with the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Kukkuta - One of three bankers of Kosambi, the others being Ghosaka and Pavariya. Having heard from some ascetics, whom they had entertained, of the appearance of the Buddha, they went with these ascetics to Savatthi, each carrying offerings in five hundred carts. Having heard the Buddha preach, they became sotapannas. They gave alms to the Buddha for a fortnight, and then, with his permission, returned to Kosambi. They built monasteries in their gardens for the use of the Buddha and his monks, that built by Kukkuta being called the Kukkutarama. The Buddha stayed one day at a time in each monastery, and on that day accepted the hospitality of its founder. DA.i.318f; DhA.i.203ff; AA.i.234f; PsA.414.

It is said (MA.i.540f) that the bankers built a monastery for each league on the road between Savatthi and Kosambi for the use of the Buddha during his journeys.

2. Kukkuta - A frontier town near Himava; the capital of a kingdom three hundred leagues in extent, where Maha Kappina once ruled. There were three rivers to cross on the way from Kukkuta to Savatthi (ThagA.i.507f; Ap.ii.469). See also Kukkutavati.

3. Kukkuta - A rock near Himava. Seven Pacceka Buddhas once lived there. ThagA.i.216; Ap.i.178.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kukkuta (कुक्कुत, “cock”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If sensual desires (kāmarāga), passion and ignorance (avidyā) were predominant in them [people], they are reborn as [for example] cock (kukkuta); thus they become one of the hundred thousand kinds of birds. If they are guilty of lust, their body becomes covered with hairs and feathers; their plumage is fine and smooth; their beak, big and wide; thus they cannot distinguish touch (sparśa) and taste (rasa).

Also, if they have deceived honest people (sajjanāvamāna), they take the body of [for example], a rooster (kukkuṭa).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kukkuta [ಕುಕ್ಕುಟ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Mallotus tetracoccus (Roxb.) Kurz from the Euphorbiaceae (Castor) family having the following synonyms: Mallotus ferrugineus, Mallotus albus var. occidentalis. For the possible medicinal usage of kukkuta, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kukkuta in India is the name of a plant defined with Blepharis ciliaris in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acanthus edulis Forssk. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (1956)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Systema Naturae ed. 12 (1767)
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica (1775)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kukkuta, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kukkuta in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kukkuṭa : (m.) a cock.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kukkuṭa, (Sk. kurkuṭa & kukkuṭa; onomatopoetic=Lat. cucurio, Ger. kikeriki) a cock Miln. 363; J. IV, 58; VvA. 163; f. kukkuṭī a hen DhA. I, 48; ThA. 255; in simile M. I, 104=357=A. IV, 125 sq. , 176 sq. (cp. °potako).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट).—m S The farm or domestic cock. 2 A wild cock.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट).—1 A cock, wild cock.

2) A wisp of lighted straw, a firebrand.

3) A spark of fire.

-ṭī 1 A hen.

2) A small house-lizard.

3) The silk-cotton tree.

Derivable forms: kukkuṭaḥ (कुक्कुटः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A cock. 2. A wild cock. 3. The offspring of a Sudra or man of the fourth caste, by a Chandala woman. 4. A whisp of of lighted straw, a firebrand. 5. A spark of fire. f. (-ṭiḥ or ṭī) Hypocrisy, interested observance of religious duties. f. (-ṭī) 1. A hen. 2. A small house lizard. 3. The silk cotton tree, (Bombax heptaphyllum.) E. kuk taking, from kuka with kvip affix, and kuṭ to cut or scratch, with ka affix; scratching up the earth, &c. or ku bad, kuṭ to cut, &c. and ka inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट).—onomatop. (cf. [Latin] cucurire), I. m. A cock, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 239 (a dog, [Cāṇakya] 98, in Monatsber. der Berliner Ak. Hist. Phil. 1864, p. 413, read kukkura). Ii. f. ṭī, The silk cotton tree, Bombax heptaphyllon, [Suśruta] 2, 387, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट).—[masculine] cock; [feminine] kukkuṭī hen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट):—[from kukkuṭ] m. (ifc. f(ā). , [Pāṇini 4-1, 14; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) a cock, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā i, 16; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a wild cock (Phasianus gallus)

3) [v.s. ...] (= kukuṭa) the plant Marsilea quadrifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a whisp of lighted straw or grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a firebrand, spark of fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the offspring of a Niṣāda by a Śūdra woman (cf. kukkura), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] (ī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] ([Pāṇini 4-4, 46]) a hen, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxiii, 3]

9) [v.s. ...] a small house-lizard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] the plant Dolichos pruriens, [Suśruta]

11) [v.s. ...] (= kukūṭī) the plant Salmalia malabarica (or the silk-cotton tree Bombax heptaphyllum), [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] hypocrisy (cf. kaukkuṭika), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] n. = kukkuṭāsana, [Tantrasāra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट):—(ṭaḥ) 1. m. A cock; a Sūdra; a firebrand; a spark (ṭiḥ-ṭī). f. Hypocrisy; (ṭī) a hen; houselizard; silk-cotton-tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kukkuḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kukkuta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kukkuta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kukkuṭa (कुक्कुट) [Also spelled kukkut]:—(nm) a cock; —[pālana] poultry-farming.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kukkuṭa (ಕುಕ್ಕುಟ):—

1) [noun] the male of the chicken; a rooster; a cock.

2) [noun] the female of the domesticated chicken; a hen.

3) [noun] any of duck like, freshwater birds of the genus Fulica and of the rail family, with long-lobed toes.

4) [noun] a variety among horses.

5) [noun] the plant Mallotus albus var. occidentalis of Euphorbiaceae family.

6) [noun] the act or an instance of cheating.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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